Fundamentals of Scientific Mathematics

Author: George E. Owen
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486164586
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Offering undergraduates a solid mathematical background (and functioning equally well for independent study), this rewarding, beautifully illustrated text covers geometry and matrices, vector algebra, analytic geometry, functions, and differential and integral calculus. 1961 edition.

Fundamentals of Scientific Computing

Author: Bertil Gustafsson
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642194955
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The book of nature is written in the language of mathematics -- Galileo Galilei How is it possible to predict weather patterns for tomorrow, with access solely to today’s weather data? And how is it possible to predict the aerodynamic behavior of an aircraft that has yet to be built? The answer is computer simulations based on mathematical models – sets of equations – that describe the underlying physical properties. However, these equations are usually much too complicated to solve, either by the smartest mathematician or the largest supercomputer. This problem is overcome by constructing an approximation: a numerical model with a simpler structure can be translated into a program that tells the computer how to carry out the simulation. This book conveys the fundamentals of mathematical models, numerical methods and algorithms. Opening with a tutorial on mathematical models and analysis, it proceeds to introduce the most important classes of numerical methods, with finite element, finite difference and spectral methods as central tools. The concluding section describes applications in physics and engineering, including wave propagation, heat conduction and fluid dynamics. Also covered are the principles of computers and programming, including MATLAB®.

Mathematical Foundations of Scientific Visualization Computer Graphics and Massive Data Exploration

Author: Torsten Möller
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540499261
Format: PDF
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The goal of visualization is the accurate, interactive, and intuitive presentation of data. Complex numerical simulations, high-resolution imaging devices and incre- ingly common environment-embedded sensors are the primary generators of m- sive data sets. Being able to derive scienti?c insight from data increasingly depends on having mathematical and perceptual models to provide the necessary foundation for effective data analysis and comprehension. The peer-reviewed state-of-the-art research papers included in this book focus on continuous data models, such as is common in medical imaging or computational modeling. From the viewpoint of a visualization scientist, we typically collaborate with an application scientist or engineer who needs to visually explore or study an object which is given by a set of sample points, which originally may or may not have been connected by a mesh. At some point, one generally employs low-order piecewise polynomial approximationsof an object, using one or several dependent functions. In order to have an understanding of a higher-dimensional geometrical “object” or function, ef?cient algorithms supporting real-time analysis and manipulation (- tation, zooming) are needed. Often, the data represents 3D or even time-varying 3D phenomena (such as medical data), and the access to different layers (slices) and structures (the underlying topology) comprising such data is needed.

Fundamentals of Mathematics

Author: James Van Dyke
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 0538497971
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The FUNDAMENTALS OF MATHEMATICS, Tenth Edition, offers a comprehensive and objectives-based review of all basic mathematics concepts. The authors prepare students for further coursework by addressing three important student needs: 1) establishing good study habits and overcoming math anxiety, 2) making the connections between mathematics and their modern, day-to-day activities, and 3) being paced and challenged according to their individual level of understanding whether right out of high school or returning to school later in life. The clear exposition and the consistency of presentation make learning arithmetic accessible for all. Key concepts presented in section objectives and further defined within the context of How and Why provide a strong foundation for learning and lasting comprehension. With a predominant emphasis on problem-solving skills, concepts, and applications based on real world data (with some introductory algebra integrated throughout), this book is suitable for individual study or for a variety of course formats: lab, self-paced, lecture, group, or combined formats. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Fundamentals of Advanced Mathematics 1

Author: Henri Bourles
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0081021127
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This precis, comprised of three volumes, of which this book is the first, exposes the mathematical elements which make up the foundations of a number of contemporary scientific methods: modern theory on systems, physics and engineering. This first volume focuses primarily on algebraic questions: categories and functors, groups, rings, modules and algebra. Notions are introduced in a general framework and then studied in the context of commutative and homological algebra; their application in algebraic topology and geometry is therefore developed. These notions play an essential role in algebraic analysis (analytico-algebraic systems theory of ordinary or partial linear differential equations). The book concludes with a study of modules over the main types of rings, the rational canonical form of matrices, the (commutative) theory of elemental divisors and their application in systems of linear differential equations with constant coefficients. Part of the New Mathematical Methods, Systems, and Applications series Presents the notions, results, and proofs necessary to understand and master the various topics Provides a unified notation, making the task easier for the reader. Includes several summaries of mathematics for engineers

Fundamentals of Advanced Mathematics 2

Author: Henri Bourles
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0081023855
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The three volumes of this series of books, of which this is the second, put forward the mathematical elements that make up the foundations of a number of contemporary scientific methods: modern theory on systems, physics and engineering. Whereas the first volume focused on the formal conditions for systems of linear equations (in particular of linear differential equations) to have solutions, this book presents the approaches to finding solutions to polynomial equations and to systems of linear differential equations with varying coefficients. Fundamentals of Advanced Mathematics, Volume 2: Field Extensions, Topology and Topological Vector Spaces, Functional Spaces, and Sheaves begins with the classical Galois theory and the theory of transcendental field extensions. Next, the differential side of these theories is treated, including the differential Galois theory (Picard-Vessiot theory of systems of linear differential equations with time-varying coefficients) and differentially transcendental field extensions. The treatment of analysis includes topology (using both filters and nets), topological vector spaces (using the notion of disked space, which simplifies the theory of duality), and the radon measure (assuming that the usual theory of measure and integration is known). In addition, the theory of sheaves is developed with application to the theory of distributions and the theory of hyperfunctions (assuming that the usual theory of functions of the complex variable is known). This volume is the prerequisite to the study of linear systems with time-varying coefficients from the point-of-view of algebraic analysis and the algebraic theory of nonlinear systems. Present Galois Theory, transcendental field extensions, and Picard Includes sections on Vessiot theory, differentially transcendental field extensions, topology, topological vector spaces, Radon measure, differential calculus in Banach spaces, sheaves, distributions, hyperfunctions, algebraic analysis, and local analysis of systems of linear differential equations

Distributionen Und Hilbertraumoperatoren

Author: Philippe Blanchard
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783211825075
Format: PDF, ePub
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Das Buch bietet eine Einführung in die zum Studium der Theoretischen Physik notwendigen mathematischen Grundlagen. Der erste Teil des Buches beschäftigt sich mit der Theorie der Distributionen und vermittelt daneben einige Grundbegriffe der linearen Funktionalanalysis. Der zweite Teil baut darauf auf und gibt eine auf das Wesentliche beschränkte Einführung in die Theorie der linearen Operatoren in Hilbert-Räumen. Beide Teile werden von je einer Übersicht begleitet, die die zentralen Ideen und Begriffe knapp erläutert und den Inhalt kurz beschreibt. In den Anhängen werden einige grundlegende Konstruktionen und Konzepte der Funktionalanalysis dargestellt und wichtige Konsequenzen entwickelt.

Reality Rules The Fundamentals

Author: John Casti
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780471184355
Format: PDF, Kindle
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"Casti Tours offers the most spectacular vistas of modern appliedmathematics" â??Nature Mathematical modeling is about rulesâ??the rules of reality.Reality Rules explores the syntax and semantics of the language inwhich these rules are written, the language of mathematics.Characterized by the clarity and vision typical of the author'sprevious books, Reality Rules is a window onto the competingdialects of this languageâ??in the form of mathematical modelsof real-world phenomenaâ??that researchers use today to frametheir views of reality. Moving from the irreducible basics of modeling to the upper reachesof scientific and philosophical speculation, Volumes 1 and 2, TheFundamentals and The Frontier, are ideal complements, equallymatched in difficulty, yet unique in their coverage of issuescentral to the contemporary modeling of complex systems. Engagingly written and handsomely illustrated, Reality Rules is afascinating journey into the conceptual underpinnings of realityitself, one that examines the major themes in dynamical systemtheory and modeling and the issues related to mathematical modelsin the broader contexts of science and philosophy. Far-reaching andfar-sighted, Reality Rules is destined to shape the insight andwork of students, researchers, and scholars in mathematics,science, and the social sciences for generations to come. Of related interest . . . ALTERNATE REALITIES Mathematical Models of Nature and Man John L. Casti A thoroughly modern account of the theory and practice ofmathematical modeling with a treatment focusing on system-theoreticconcepts such as complexity, self-organization, adaptation,bifurcation, resilience, surprise and uncertainty, and themathematical structures needed to employ these in a formalsystem. An Instructor's Manual presenting detailed solutions to all theproblems in the book is available from the Wiley editorialdepartment.