Gas Migration

Author: Leonid F. Khilyuk Ph.D.
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080507194
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This breakthrough new book may help save countless lives and avoid enormous losses. It presents a methodology for using gas migration to predict earthquakes and explosive gas buildup. Using rigorous scientific investigation and documented worldwide case histories, this remarkable book presents compelling evidence showing that changes in gas rates, composition, and migration accompany the tectronic events preceding earthquakes and their associated seismic events, such as volcanoes and tsunamis. Because these gas parameters are detectable and measurable, they provide an early warning of seismic activity. Gas Migration is the first book to accumulate, analyze and apply the interdisciplinary knowledge on gas migration and detail its connection to tectronic, seismic, and geologic phenomena. It combines geological, geochemical, geophysical, seismological, and petroleum engineering insights to demonstrate how gas migration and its associated phenomena can be used in earthquake and environmental geohazard identification and prediction. Topics include- · Tectonics and Earthquakes · Gas Migration at Plate Boundaries · Surface Soil-Gas Surveys · Faults and Petroleum Reservoirs · Earthquake Precursors · Whispering Gases · Paths and Mechanics of Gas Migration · Subsidence, Gas Migration, and Seismic Activity · And much more With this information, environmental specialists, civil engineers, petroleum geologists, seismologists, and urban planners now have a new and powerful conceptual basis and tool for understanding and perhaps even predicting gas explosions and earthquakes.

Environmental Aspects of Oil and Gas Production

Author: J. O. Robertson
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119117380
Format: PDF
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Oil and gas still power the bulk of our world, from automobiles and the power plants that supply electricity to our homes and businesses, to jet fuel, plastics, and many other products that enrich our lives. With the relatively recent development of hydraulic fracturing ("fracking"), multilateral, directional, and underbalanced drilling, and enhanced oil recovery, oil and gas production is more important and efficient than ever before. Along with these advancements, as with any new engineering process or technology, come challenges, many of them environmental. More than just a text that outlines the environmental challenges of oil and gas production that have always been there, such as gas migration and corrosion, this groundbreaking new volume takes on the most up-to-date processes and technologies involved in this field. Filled with dozens of case studies and examples, the authors, two of the most well-known and respected petroleum engineers in the world, have outlined all of the major environmental aspects of oil and gas production and how to navigate them, achieving a more efficient, effective, and profitable operation. This groundbreaking volume is a must-have for any petroleum engineer working in the field, and for students and faculty in petroleum engineering departments worldwide.

Gas Migration

Author: Akash Malik
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781681173825
Format: PDF, Kindle
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"Gas Migration is the book to accumulate, analyze and apply the interdisciplinary knowledge on gas migration and detail its connection to tectronic, seismic, and geologic phenomena. It combines geological, geochemical, geophysical, seismological, and petroleum engineering insights to demonstrate how gas migration and its associated phenomena can be used in earthquake and environmental geohazard identification and prediction. Gases migrating to the earth's surface provide crucial information regarding the state and evolution of the structure and tectonics of our planet. By listening to and analyzing ""whispering"" gases, locations of intense tectonic activity can be identified and areas of potential natural disasters delineated, such as volcanic eruptions, tsunamis, and earth-quakes. Like an experienced doctor who can determine the health conditions of a patient by listening to his breathing, a knowledgeable scientist can recognize a disorder in the earth's body by analyzing these migrating gases. The migration of gas to the surface from oil and gas formations is a problem that greatly affects those surface areas where human activity exists. Underground gas storage facilities and oil fields have demonstrated a long history of environmental gas migration problems. Experience has shown that the migration of gas to the surface creates a serious potential risk of explosion, fires, noxious odors, and carcinogenic chemical emissions."

Gas Generation and Migration in Deep Geological Radioactive Waste Repositories

Author: R.P. Shaw
Publisher: Geological Society of London
ISBN: 1862397228
Format: PDF, Docs
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Understanding the behaviour of gases in the context of radioactive waste disposal is a fundamental requirement in developing a safety case for the disposal of radioactive waste. Of particular importance are the long-term performance of bentonite buffers and cement-based backfill materials that may be used to encapsulate and surround the waste in a repository, and the behaviour of plastic clays, indurated mudrocks and crystalline formations that may be the host rocks for a repository. The EC Euratom programme funded project, FORGE, has provided new insights into the processes and mechanisms governing gas generation and migration with the aim of reducing uncertainty. This volume brings together papers on aspects of this topic arising from both the FORGE project and work undertaken elsewhere. This has been achieved by the acquisition of new experimental data coupled with modelling, through a series of laboratory and field-scale experiments performed at a number of underground research laboratories throughout Europe.

Geoenvironmental Engineering

Author: Raymond Nen Yong
Publisher: Thomas Telford
ISBN: 9780727730336
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Geoenvironmental engineering contains the collected papers from the third Geoenvironmental Engineering Conference, organised by the British Geotechnical Association and Cardiff School of Engineering, Cardiff University. Authors from around the world have submitted the papers in this volume. They aim to share knowledge and experience to the international geoenvironmental engineering community. The main theme of this third conference is Geoenvironmental Impact Management. The papers in this book have been grouped together in eight main sections that reflect the themes that were considered at the conference, they are outlined in the contents below. Geoenvironmental engineering will be an invaluable resource to all geotechncial engineers who want to keep up-to-date with research and knowledge in this field.