Gasoline Diesel and Ethanol Biofuels from Grasses and Plants

Author: Ram B. Gupta
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139489062
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The world is currently faced with two significant problems: fossil fuel depletion and environmental degradation, which are continuously being exacerbated due to increasing global energy consumption. As a substitute for petroleum, renewable fuels have been receiving increasing attention due a variety of environmental, economic, and societal benefits. The first-generation biofuels - ethanol from sugar or corn and biodiesel from vegetable oils - are already on the market. The goal of thisbook is to introduce readers to second-generation biofuels obtained from non-food biomass, such as forest residue, agricultural residue, switch grass, corn stover, waste wood, municipal solid wastes, and so on. Various technologies are discussed, including cellulosic ethanol, biomass gasification, synthesis of diesel and gasoline, bio-crude by hydrothermal liquefaction, bio-oil by fast pyrolysis, and the upgradation of biofuel. This book strives to serve as a comprehensive document presenting various technological pathways and environmental and economic issues related to biofuels.

Switchgrass

Author: Andrea Monti
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1447129032
Format: PDF, ePub
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The demand for renewable energies from biomass is growing steadily as policies are enacted to encourage such development and as industry increasingly sees an opportunity to develop bio-energy enterprises. Recent policy changes in the EU, USA and other countries are spurring interest in the cultivation of energy crops such as switchgrass. Switchgrass has gained and early lead in the race to find a biomass feedstock for energy production (and for the almost requisite need for bio-based products from such feedstocks). Switchgrass: A Valuable Biomass Crop for Energy provides a comprehensive guide to the biology, physiology, breeding, culture and conversion of switchgrass as well as highlighting various environmental, economic and social benefits. Considering this potential energy source, Switchgrass: A Valuable Biomass Crop for Energy brings together chapters from a range of experts in the field, including a foreword from Kenneth P. Vogel, to collect and present the environmental benefits and characteristics of this a crop with the potential to mitigate the risks of global warming by replacing fossil fuels. Including clear figures and tables to support discussions, Switchgrass: A Valuable Biomass Crop for Energy provides a solid reference for anyone with interest or investment in the development of bioenergy; researchers, policy makers and stakeholders will find this a key resource.

Biofuel Crops

Author: Bharat P. Singh
Publisher: CABI
ISBN: 1845938852
Format: PDF, ePub
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Providing comprehensive coverage on biofuel crop production and the technological, environmental and resource issues associated with a sustainable biofuel industry, this book is ideal for researchers and industry personnel. Beginning with an introduction to biofuels and the challenges they face, the book then includes detailed coverage on crops of current importance or with high future prospects, including sections on algae, sugar crops and grass, oil and forestry species. The chapters focus on the genetics, breeding, cultivation, harvesting and handling of each crop.

Using Biofuel Tax Credits to Achieve Energy and Environmental Policy Goals

Author: Ron Gecan
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 1437936458
Format: PDF, Docs
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The fed. gov¿t. supports the use of biofuels -- transportation fuels produced from renewable plant matter, such as corn -- in the pursuit of energy, environ., and agr. policy goals. Tax credits (TC) encourage the prod¿n. and sale of biofuels in the U.S., lowering the costs of producing biofuels, such as ethanol or biodiesel, relative to the costs of producing their substitutes -- gasoline and diesel fuel. Fed. mandates require the use of specified minimum amounts and types of biofuel. This study assesses the incentives provided by the TC for producing different types of biofuels and analyzes whether they favor one type of biofuel over others. Estimates the cost to consumers of reducing the use of petroleum fuels and emissions of greenhouse gases through those TC. Illus.

Environmental Policy and Public Health

Author: William N. Rom
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118095669
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This textbook provides an overview of the major environmentalpolicy issues, past and present, and explains the interplay amonglaw, science, and advocacy as related to environmental policymakingin the United States and abroad. Environmental Policy and Public Health examines the main sourcesof pollution and threats to environmental integrity and exploresthe consequences of pollution on the environment and thepopulation. Throughout the book, noted environmental policy expertWilliam N. Rom explains the legal basis for environmental action,beginning with the Clean Air Act, the Wilderness Act, the NationalEnvironmental Policy Act, the Endangered Species Act, andinternational treaties. In addition to providing information aboutexisting laws, the author presents potential policy alternativesthat offer real-world solutions. Comprehensive in scope, the book incorporates developments inlaw, economics, global warming, and air pollution. EnvironmentalPolicy and Public Health covers these topics and also puts anemphasis on wilderness protection. An important focus of the bookis an assessment of the role of policy analysis in the formationand implementation of national and local environmental policy. Companion Web site: www.josseybass.com/go/rom

Biomass Energy

Author: Carol Hand
Publisher: ABDO Publishing Company
ISBN: 1614808945
Format: PDF
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As our worldÍs population grows, so to does our need for energy. Scientists seek the next breakthrough in new technology while constantly finding ways to make current solutions cheaper and more efficient. In this title, discover what biomass energy is, its history, how we use it today, and how new technologies can contribute to our energy future. Learn about cutting-edge biofuels, including ethanol, biodiesel, and fuels from switchgrass and algae, and technologies that allow us to turn waste into energy. Sidebars, full-color photos, full-spread diagrams, well-placed graphs, charts, and maps, stories highlighting innovations in action, and a glossary enhance this engaging title. Innovative Technologies is a series in Essential Library, an imprint of ABDO Publishing Company.

Biofuels

Author: John Tabak
Publisher: Infobase Publishing
ISBN: 1438116829
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Discusses different types of biofuels, the science behind their production, the implications of widespread use of biofuels on the environment and on the economy, especially any impact on food prices.

Biodiversity Biofuels Agroforestry and Conservation Agriculture

Author: Eric Lichtfouse
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789048195138
Format: PDF, Docs
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Sustainable agriculture is a rapidly growing field aiming at producing food and energy in a sustainable way for our children. This discipline addresses current issues such as climate change, increasing food and fuel prices, starvation, obesity, water pollution, soil erosion, fertility loss, pest control and biodiversity depletion. Novel solutions are proposed based on integrated knowledge from agronomy, soil science, molecular biology, chemistry, toxicology, ecology, economy, philosophy and social sciences. As actual society issues are now intertwined, sustainable agriculture will bring solutions to build a safer world. This book series analyzes current agricultural issues, and proposes alternative solutions, consequently helping all scientists, decision-makers, professors, farmers and politicians wishing to build safe agriculture, energy and food systems for future generations.

Biofuels

Author: Kate Conley
Publisher: ABDO
ISBN: 1680798383
Format: PDF
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Fuels made from plants such as corn and sugarcane are powering millions of cars on the road today. Biofuels shows how plant-based fuels, such as ethanol and biodiesel, are beginning to replace gasoline in many types of vehicles. Easy-to-read text, vivid images, and helpful back matter give readers a clear look at this subject. Features include a table of contents, infographics, a glossary, additional resources, and an index. Aligned to Common Core Standards and correlated to state standards. Core Library is an imprint of Abdo Publishing, a division of ABDO.