Tackling inequalities

Author: Pantazis, Christina
Publisher: Policy Press
ISBN: 1847425089
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The growing divide between the poor and the rich is the most significant social change to have occurred during the last few decades. The new Labour government inherited a country more unequal than at any other time since the Second World War. This book brings together a collection of contributions on inequalities in the main areas of British life: income, wealth, standard of living, employment, education, housing, crime and health. It charts the extent of the growth in inequalities and offers a coherent critique of the new Labour government's policies aimed at those tackling this crisis. In particular, the numerous area-based anti-poverty policies currently being pursued are unlikely to have a significant and long-lasting effect, since many lessons from the past have been ignored. The contributors use and interpret official data to show how statistics are often misused to obscure or distort the reality of inequality. A range of alternative policies for reducing inequalities in Britain are discussed and set within the global context of the need for international action. Tackling inequalities is a valuable contribution to the emerging policy debate written by the leading researchers in the field. It is essential reading for academics, policy makers, and students with an interest in inequalities, poverty and social exclusion. Studies in poverty, inequality and social exclusion series Series Editor: David Gordon, Director, Townsend Centre for International Poverty Research. Poverty, inequality and social exclusion remain the most fundamental problems that humanity faces in the 21st century. This exciting series, published in association with the Townsend Centre for International Poverty Research at the University of Bristol, aims to make cutting-edge poverty related research more widely available. For other titles in this series, please follow the series link from the main catalogue page.

Three Seductive Ideas

Author: Jerome Kagan
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674039254
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Do the first two years of life really determine a child's future development? Are human beings, like other primates, only motivated by pleasure? And do people actually have stable traits, like intelligence, fear, anxiety, and temperament? This book, the product of a lifetime of research by one of the founders of developmental psychology, takes on the powerful assumptions behind these questions--and proves them mistaken. Ranging with impressive ease from cultural history to philosophy to psychological research literature, Jerome Kagan weaves an argument that will rock the social sciences and the foundations of public policy. Scientists, as well as lay people, tend to think of abstract processes--like intelligence or fear--as measurable entities, of which someone might have more or less. This approach, in Kagan's analysis, shows a blindness to the power of context and to the great variability within any individual subject to different emotions and circumstances. "Infant determinism" is another widespread and dearly held conviction that Kagan contests. This theory--with its claim that early relationships determine lifelong patterns--underestimates human resiliency and adaptiveness, both emotional and cognitive (and, of course, fails to account for the happy products of miserable childhoods and vice versa). The last of Kagan's targets is the vastly overrated pleasure principle, which, he argues, can hardly make sense of unselfish behavior impelled by the desire for virtue and self-respect--the wish to do the right thing. Written in a lively style that uses fables and fairy tales, history and science to make philosophical points, this book challenges some of our most cherished notions about human nature.

Secret Agenda

Author: Linda Hunt
Publisher: St Martins Press
ISBN: 9780312055103
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Charges that the U.S. government put Nazi scientists to work in America after World War II

Biologists Under Hitler

Author: Ute Deichmann
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674074057
Format: PDF, Docs
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Biologists under Hitler combines exhaustive research with capsule biographies of key scientists to overturn certain assumptions about science under the Nazi regime. Biological research, for instance, was neither neglected nor underfunded during World War II; funding by the German Research Association (DFG) in fact increased tenfold between 1933 and 1938 and genetic research in particular flourished, especially botanical and zoological studies of radiation and mutation. Deichmann shows that the forced emigration of Jews had a less significant impact in biology than in other fields. Furthermore, she reveals that the widely observed decline in German biology after 1945 was not caused primarily by the Third Reich's science policy nor by the expulsion of biologists but was due to the international isolation of German scientists as part of the legacy of National Socialism.

Reduction Time and Reality

Author: Richard Healey
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521143721
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Each of the contributors examine scientific realism by questioning or rejecting how it was traditionally discussed.

Achieving Emotional Literacy

Author: Claude Steiner
Publisher: Bloomsbury Pub Limited
ISBN: 9780747541356
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Emotional literacy is the ability to understand one's own feelings and to empathise with others in a way that enhances living. In this work Steiner shows how emotional intelligence can be developed by following his three stage training programme. Practical exercises and questionnaires are included. First he shows how to open the heart with techniques to break down the barriers which separate us from our feelings. Next he teaches how feelings can be recognised and expressed productively, and how to listen with empathy as others express their emotions. Finally he shows how to take the responsibility by means of defining problems in relationships, accepting our role in them and making meaningful changes. Practical exercises to nurture emotional literacy skills and questionnaires which allow the reader to evaluate their EQ appear throughout, whilst real-life examples are also given.

The German Opposition to Hitler An Appraisal

Author: Hans Rothfels
Publisher: Pickle Partners Publishing
ISBN: 1789121779
Format: PDF, Kindle
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More than a study of resistance among the upper ranks, author Hans Rothfels examines the unprecedented totalitarian state, armed with mid-20th century modern weapons, science, and industry. Professor Rothfels illustrates the true extent of the German resistance, its composition, aim, and the nature of its intent. He also considers the whole question of the moral and practical problems involved in opposing a totalitarian regime.

The joy of insight

Author: Victor Frederick Weisskopf
Publisher: Basic Books (AZ)
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Chronicles the life of the man who came of age as a physicist in prewar Europe, was at the forefront of particle physics research, and became one of the early advocates of nuclear responsibility

The Jews

Author: Pierre Vidal-Naquet
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 9780231102094
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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These essays treat a range of issues from the ancient Jewish revolt against Roman rule and the much-mythologized martyrdom at Masada, the French Revolution, and Marxism's difficulties with the Jewish question, to Nazi genocide and the deep problems of representing it.

Cardano s Cosmos

Author: Anthony Grafton
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674095557
Format: PDF
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Girolamo Cardano was an Italian doctor, natural philosopher, and mathematician who became a best-selling author in Renaissance Europe. He was also a leading astrologer of his day, whose predictions won him access to some of the most powerful people in sixteenth-century Europe. In Cardano's Cosmos, Anthony Grafton invites readers to follow this astrologer's extraordinary career and explore the art and discipline of astrology in the hands of a brilliant practitioner. Renaissance astrologers predicted everything from the course of the future of humankind to the risks of a single investment, or even the weather. They analyzed the bodies and characters of countless clients, from rulers to criminals, and enjoyed widespread respect and patronage. This book traces Cardano's contentious career from his first astrological pamphlet through his rise to high-level consulting and his remarkable autobiographical works. Delving into astrological principles and practices, Grafton shows how Cardano and his contemporaries adapted the ancient art for publication and marketing in a new era of print media and changing science. He maps the context of market and human forces that shaped Cardano's practices--and the maneuvering that kept him at the top of a world rife with patronage, politics, and vengeful rivals. Cardano's astrology, argues Grafton, was a profoundly empirical and highly influential art, one that was integral to the attempts of sixteenth-century scholars to understand their universe and themselves.