Genes Environment and Alzheimer s Disease

Author: Orly Lazarov
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128028858
Format: PDF
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Genes, Environment and Alzheimer's Disease discusses the role that activities such as exercise can play in cardiovascular health, while also highlighting the fact that the last 10 years have brought great discoveries in the strong environmental component of brain disorders, neurodegeneration, and cognitive decline. It is now clear that brain insult is an environmental risk factor for AD, while on the other hand, lifestyle components such as exercise and level of education may play a protective role, delaying the onset and/or severity of the disease. Evidence from experiments in rodent models of Alzheimer’s disease contributes major insight into the molecular mechanisms by which the environment plays its role in AD. Additionally, there are diseases related to lifestyle that may lead to AD. This volume reviews new discoveries related to all these factors, serving as a translational tool for clinicians and researchers interested in genetic and environmental risk factors for the disease. Provides the first volume to link genetic and environmental risk factors for Alzheimer’s disease and dementia Aids researchers and clinicians in understanding the basic mechanisms of Alzheimer’s disease and cognitive decline Brings the basic science and clinical perspectives together in a single volume, facilitating translational possibilities Includes a range of molecular to behavioral components assembled into a single volume that creates an excellent resource for basic and clinical neuroscientists

Environmental Factors in Neurodevelopmental and Neurodegenerative Disorders

Author: Michael Aschner
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 012800407X
Format: PDF, ePub
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Environmental Factors in Neurodevelopmental and Neurodegenerative Disorders presents a state-of-the-art review of the effects of environmental contaminants on the development and degeneration of the human nervous system, brought together by world-leading experts in the field. Part One describes the adverse effects that the environment can have on neurological development, and how these effects may exhibit. Specific contaminants and their possible consequences of exposure are addressed (lead, methylmercury, alcohol), as well as specific disorders and the environmental factors associated with them, such as the effect of diet on attention deficit and hyperactivity disorders. Part Two tackles neurodegenerative disorders, specifically addressing their potential neurotoxic origins, and discussing the increasing interest in the effects that early exposure may have in later life. Environmental Factors in Neurodevelopmental and Neurodegenerative Disorders is an invaluable reference for those professionals working in the fields of toxicology, environmental health and neuroscience. Provides, for the first time, the cutting-edge theory of environmental impacts on both neurodegenerative and neurodevelopmental disorders Written by an international selection of the world’s foremost experts in the field of neurotoxicology Full-colour throughout, providing accurate and illustrative examples of neurotoxic effects in action An invaluable reference for those professionals working in the fields of toxicology, environmental health, and neuroscience

Environmental Causes and Prevention Measures for Alzheimer s Disease

Author: George J. Brewer
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128111631
Format: PDF, Docs
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Environmental Causes and Prevention Measures for Alzheimer’s Disease examines the increased incidence of the disease in developed countries and aims to educate neuroscientists, medical practitioners and other educated individuals on new insights into environmental causation, primarily metals. This book looks into the web of evidence around the hypothesis of copper toxicity and the additional role that a high fat diet plays in disease progression and cognition loss. The data and its implications are discussed, along with potential prevention measures. This book will generate excitement and interest among neuroscientists, medical practitioners and other biomedical researchers. Emphasizes the history and epidemiology of Alzheimer’s disease, highlighting its epidemic proportions in developed countries Discusses data on new environmental factors in developed countries Provides prevention measures to potentially reduce Alzheimer’s rates through diet

Gene Environment Interactions

Author: Lucio G. Costa
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0471758035
Format: PDF, Docs
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Understanding the play between heredity and environment, and relating it to disease causation, is the task of ecogenetics. Gene-Environment Interactions: Fundamentals of Ecogenetics presents the first comprehensive survey of this discipline, reflecting its relationship with toxicology, epidemiology, pharmacology, public health, and other medical and biological fields. Divided into four sections, the text elucidates key basic and advanced topics: * Section 1 covers fundamentals, including the history of the discipline, a discussion of the molecular laboratory tools currently available to assess genotypes, using such measurements in molecular epidemiology studies, and the statistical issues involved in their analysis. * Section 2 focuses on a number of key genetic polymorphisms relevant for ecogenetics, including enzymes of phase I and phase II metabolism, enzymes involved in DNA repair, as well as receptors and ion channels. This highlights characteristics of selected, widely studied genotypic/phenotypic differences, and allows discussion of how given genetic variations can influence responses to exogenous chemicals. * Section 3 examines gene-environment interactions through a disease-based approach, addressing how genetic polymorphisms can influence susceptibility to various diseases. Chapters cover important disease conditions such as various types of cancer, neurodegenerative diseases, cardiovascular disease, chronic pulmonary diseases, infectious diseases, diabetes, and obesity. * The final section discusses the ethical, legal, and social issues that arise when investigating and evaluating genetic polymorphisms in human populations, as well as the impact of ecogenetics on risk assessment, regulatory policies, and medicine and public health. Packed with clear examples illustrating concepts, as well as numerous tables and figures, Gene-Environment Interactions: Fundamentals of Ecogenetics is a unique resource for a wide range of physicians, students, and other specialists.

Alzheimer s Disease A Century of Scientific and Clinical Research

Author: G. Perry
Publisher: IOS Press
ISBN: 1607501759
Format: PDF, ePub
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This publication is a landmark work commemorating the centennial of Alois Alzheimer's discovery of what would be known as Alzheimer's disease (AD). The centennial of Alois Alzheimer’s original description of the disease that would come to bear his name offers a vantage point from which to commemorate the seminal discoveries in the field. It traces how the true importance of AD as the major cause of late life dementia ultimately came to light and narrates the evolution of the concepts related to AD throughout the years and its recognition as a major public health problem, with an estimated 30-40 million people affected by AD today. To identify the breakthroughs, the editors have used citation analysis, landmark papers identified by current researchers, and drew upon their own experience and insights. This process took into account the perspectives of individuals who recall the impact of findings at the time they were made, as well as of scientists today who have the advantage of hindsight in weighing the lasting influence of these findings. Because modern AD research was triggered by the seminal work of Tomlinson, Blessed, and Roth some four decades ago, it is particularly fortunate that the vast majority of these milestone authors are still with us.

Alzheimer s Turning Point

Author: Jack C. de la Torre
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319340573
Format: PDF, Docs
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This compelling text provides an overview of the available technology for early detection and therapeutic management of vascular risk factors to Alzheimer’s before severe cognitive impairment symptoms appear. Chapters bring the reader from the trackless clinical research that has characterized Alzheimer’s progress for the last 20 years, to a nexus of new ideas and concepts that can change our outlook of this dementia. In-depth examinations of various hypotheses, preventive measures, current and prospective treatments are openly and clearly explored. The author discusses in depth his proposal of the vascular hypothesis of Alzheimer's disease which has become a mother-lode for basic and clinical studies and a key approach to the prevention of this dementia.Alzheimer’s Turning Point offers professionals, students and those looking to learn more about this disorder a fresh clinical perspective of this devastating disease.

Alzheimer s Disease

Author: Gunhild Waldemar
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0191085618
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Part of the Oxford Neurology Library series, this second edition of Alzheimer's Disease is a succinct and practical introduction to the diagnosis, evaluation and management of Alzheimer's disease. This practical pocketbook contains 14 fully updated chapters on key topics such as pathophysiology, epidemiology, pharmacological treatments, and psychological symptoms. The introduction of new chapters on atypical presentations, end-of-life issues, and case vignettes ensure the reader is fully equipped with the latest understanding of the possible causes of the disease, methods of diagnosis, and management techniques. Content is presented in a concise and easy to read format designed for quick reference, with helpful key points listed at the start of each chapter.

Genetic Analysis of Complex Disease

Author: Jonathan L. Haines
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0471781134
Format: PDF, Docs
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Second Edition features the latest tools for uncovering the genetic basis of human disease The Second Edition of this landmark publication brings together a team of leading experts in the field to thoroughly update the publication. Readers will discover the tremendous advances made in human genetics in the seven years that have elapsed since the First Edition. Once again, the editors have assembled a comprehensive introduction to the strategies, designs, and methods of analysis for the discovery of genes in common and genetically complex traits. The growing social, legal, and ethical issues surrounding the field are thoroughly examined as well. Rather than focusing on technical details or particular methodologies, the editors take a broader approach that emphasizes concepts and experimental design. Readers familiar with the First Edition will find new and cutting-edge material incorporated into the text: Updated presentations of bioinformatics, multiple comparisons, sample size requirements, parametric linkage analysis, case-control and family-based approaches, and genomic screening New methods for analysis of gene-gene and gene-environment interactions A completely rewritten and updated chapter on determining genetic components of disease New chapters covering molecular genomic approaches such as microarray and SAGE analyses using single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) and cDNA expression data, as well as quantitative trait loci (QTL) mapping The editors, two of the world's leading genetic epidemiologists, have ensured that each chapter adheres to a consistent and high standard. Each one includes all-new discussion questions and practical examples. Chapter summaries highlight key points, and a list of references for each chapter opens the door to further investigation of specific topics. Molecular biologists, human geneticists, genetic epidemiologists, and clinical and pharmaceutical researchers will find the Second Edition a helpful guide to understanding the genetic basis of human disease, with its new tools for detecting risk factors and discovering treatment strategies.

Investigating the Human Genome

Author: Moyra Smith
Publisher: FT Press
ISBN: 9780132172844
Format: PDF, Docs
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Leading medical genetics scholar Moyra Smith reviews current and recent work in genetics and genomics to assess progress in understanding human variation and the pathogenesis of common and rare diseases in which genetics plays a role. Smith provides an exceptional overview of the most important biomedical progress arising from the greatly increased genetic information base generated by gene mapping and the sequencing of the complete Human Genome. This book addresses into a wide spectrum of topics associated with human genetics and genomics, including: Human origins; migrations and human population diversity gained though genomic analyses. The complexities of psychiatric diseases that are influenced by genetics. The pathogenesis of late-onset neurological diseases such as Alzheimer’s, Parkinsonism, and ALS. Key aspects of protein misfolding. Gene-environment interactions in DNA damage and repair and DNA instability. Micro RNAs and mRNA translation. Epigenetics. New functions for old enzymes in cancer.

The Environmental and Genetic Causes of Autism

Author: James Lyons-Weiler
Publisher: Skyhorse Publishing, Inc.
ISBN: 1510710876
Format: PDF
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The Environmental and Genetic Causes of Autism delves deep into the full body of past and current research to reveal how genetic predispositions and environmental factors can combine to produce the conditions autism and autism spectrum disorders (ASD). To make this groundbreaking volume, Dr. James Lyons-Weiler combed through the past fifty years of published research on autism, exploring subjects such as genetic variation, mechanisms of neurotoxicity of metals and pesticides, and the central and combined roles of each in causing autism. Lyons-Weiler provides a major overview of all aspects of the condition of autism, reviews changes in diagnoses and treatments, and explains how genetic information can be used to tailor effective treatments, and sometimes reversals, of the symptoms. He also presents practical forward-looking suggestions on how to design future studies to facilitate the discovery of biomarkers for autism risk and how to classify the full range of autism spectrum disorders. Autism is considered one of the most mystifying conditions of our day, and alarmed scientists, doctors, politicians, and parents are desperately trying to understand why the condition is escalating. According to the CDC, rates in the United States have risen from an estimated one in two thousand children in 1980, to one in sixty-eight in 2012, and a new National Health Interview Survey shows a rate of one in forty-five. By the time you read this book, that number may have changed yet again. While most autism researchers focus on either environmental or genetic causes of autism, Lyons-Weiler’s opus demonstrates that to fully understand the condition and to finally put its rate on the decrease, it is essential to pay attention to the science showing how the two classes of factors interact.