Genre Knowledge in Disciplinary Communication

Author: Carol Berkenkotter
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134956223
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Although genre studies abound in literary criticism, researchers and scholars interested in the social contexts of literacy have recently become interested in the dynamic, rhetorical dimensions of speech genres. Within this burgeoning scholarly community, the authors are among the first researchers working within social science traditions to study genre from the perspective of the implicit knowledge of language users. Thus, this is the first sociocognitive study of genre using case-study, naturalistic research methods combined with the techniques of rhetorical and discourse analysis. The term "genre knowledge" refers to an individual's repertoire of situationally appropriate responses to recurrent situations -- from immediate encounters to distanced communication through the medium of print, and more recently, the electronic media. One way to study the textual character of disciplinary knowledge is to examine both the situated actions of writers, and the communicative systems in which disciplinary actors participate. These two perspectives are presented in this book. The authors' studies of disciplinary communication examine operations of systems as diverse as peer review in scientific publications and language in a first grade science classroom. The methods used include case study and ethnographic techniques, rhetorical and discourse analysis of changing features within large corpora and in the texts of individual writers. Through the use of these techniques, the authors engaged in both micro-level and macro-level analyses and developed a perspective which reflects both foci. From this perspective they propose that what micro-level studies of actors' situated actions frequently depict as individual processes, can also be interpreted -- from the macro-level -- as communicative acts within a discursive network or system. The research methods and the theoretical framework presented are designed to raise provocative questions for scholars, researchers, and teachers in a number of fields: linguists who teach and conduct research in ESP and LSP and are interested in methods for studying professional communication; scholars in the fields of communication, rhetoric, and sociology of science with an interest in the textual dynamics of scientific and scholarly communities; educational researchers interested in cognition in context; and composition scholars interested in writing in the disciplines.

Textsorten und kulturelle Kompetenz Genre and Cultural Competence Interdisziplin re Beitr ge zur Textwissenschaft An Interdisciplinary Approach to the Study of Text

Author: Sigmund Kvam
Publisher: Waxmann Verlag
ISBN: 9783830972532
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Der sprachliche Text in und zwischen den Kulturen, der aus sprachwissenschaftlicher, literaturwissenschaftlicher und sozialwissenschaftlicher Perspektive behandelt wird, ist gemeinsamer Gegenstand der Beiträge. Die Themen sind weit gefächert: Neben theoretischen Fragen zum Textverstehen und zur Übersetzung werden Textsorten wie Gebrauchsanweisungen, Lehrpläne und Romane des 20. Jahrhunderts untersucht sowie Kommunikationsstrukturen in der Wissenschaft, im Bildungswesen, im Gesundheitswesen und in der Wirtschaft analysiert. Der Band ist aus einer interdisziplinären und internationalen Tagung hervorgegangen, die 2009 an der Gesamthochschule Østfold (Halden, Norwegen) stattfand. Die Autoren arbeiten an Hochschulen und Universitäten in Dänemark, Griechenland, Norwegen, Österreich und Schweden. The major topic of this book is the communicative unit of the text, both within and between cultures. The concept of text is analyzed from a number of different perspectives, for example from a linguistic perspective, from the point of view of literary studies and from the field of the social sciences. In addition to posing theoretical questions on genres and translation studies, the authors examine a variety of texts, such as instruction manuals, study programmes, contemporary literature as well as focusing on communicative structures in science, educational systems, health care and business. The articles in this anthology were inspired by a workshop on the interdisciplinary study of the concept of text arranged at Østfold University College in Halden, Norway in 2009. The authors are researchers at universities and university colleges in Austria, Denmark, Greece, Norway and Sweden.

Textsorten Handlungsmuster Oberfl chen

Author: Stephan Habscheid
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110229307
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Seit den Anfängen der Textlinguistik in den 1960er Jahren werden Probleme der Texttypologie als wesentliches Element dieser Teildisziplin erachtet. Mit der Öffnung der Sprachwissenschaft zur verstehenden Sozialforschung und sprachpsychologischen Kommunikationstheorie traten an die Stelle formaler Textklassen komplexe Sinn-Einheiten des Handelns und der Interaktion, die wesentlich von den sprachlichen Oberflächen her zu verstehen sind. Zu den aktuellen Forschungsthemen gehören: die Verarbeitung von Textsortenwissen in individuellen und kollektiven Produktions- und Rezeptionsprozessen; der Erwerb kommunikativer Praktiken; ihre Kulturspezifik und Historizität; die Vernetzung von Textsorten in institutionellen Handlungsfeldern; ihre Bedingtheit durch je spezifische mediale und situative Voraussetzungen; die temporäre ideologische Stabilisierung, aber auch die Dynamisierung und Hybridisierung kommunikativer Genres und ihres Marktwertes. Als Standardwerk für Studenten und Sprachwissenschaftler stellt das Handbuch die zentralen Konzepte, Theorien und Methoden der aktuellen Textsortenforschung dar und charakterisiert zentrale Ausschnitte des kommunikativen Repertoires der Gegenwart.

Written Communication across Cultures

Author: Yunxia Zhu
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027294100
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Winner of ABC's award for Distinguished Publication for 2006 This book explores effective written communication across cultures both theoretically and practically. Specifically it conceptualizes cross-cultural genre study and compares English and Chinese business writing collected from Australia, New Zealand and China. It is also one of those inspired by contrastive rhetoric but has contributed innovatively and uniquely by incorporating research findings from genre analysis, in particular, the sociocognitive genre perspective into this cross-cultural study. On the one hand, the endeavor represents an in-depth theoretical exploration by considering not only discourse community and cognitive structuring, but also the deep semantics of genre and intertextuality, while broadening genre study by integrating insights from cross-cultural communication as well as the Chinese perspectives. On the other hand, the book also addresses pragmatic issues. As a particular feature, it solicits professional members’ intercultural viewpoints; thus confirming the shared social "stock of knowledge" employed in the culturally defined writing conventions. Last but not least, this book explores the implications for genre education and training, and develops an appropriate model for cross-cultural genre learning, which encourages learning through legitimate peripheral participation and intercultural learning in business organizations.

Einf hrung in die Textlinguistik

Author: Wolfgang U. Dressler
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3111358933
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Die Buchreihe Konzepte der Sprach- und Literaturwissenschaft gibt Aufschluss über Prinzipien, Probleme und Verfahrensweisen philologischer Forschung im weitesten Sinne und dient einer Bestimmung des Standorts der Linguistik und Literaturwissenschaft. Die Reihe übergreift Einzelsprachen und Einzelliteraturen. Sie stellt sich in den Dienst der Reflexion und Grundlegung einer allgemeinen Sprach- und Literaturwissenschaft. Die Bände sind zum Teil informierende Einführungen, zum Teil wissenschaftliche Diskussionsbeiträge.

From Millwrights to Shipwrights to the Twenty First Century

Author: R. John Brockmann
Publisher: Hampton Press (NJ)
ISBN: 9781572730762
Format: PDF
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This text divides the history of American technical communication into three themes: the importance of visual communication (1791-1887); the power of genre (1791-1980); and the role of technical communicators as innovators within constraints (1948-1954).