Geometric Mechanics and Symmetry

Author: Darryl D. Holm
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199212902
Format: PDF, Docs
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Geometric Mechanics and Symmetry is a friendly and fast-paced introduction to the geometric approach to classical mechanics, suitable for a one- or two- semester course for beginning graduate students or advanced undergraduates. It fills a gap between traditional classical mechanics texts and advanced modern mathematical treatments of the subject.The modern geometric approach illuminates and unifies manyseemingly disparate mechanical problems from several areas of science and engineering. In particular, the book concentrates on the similarities between finite-dimensional rigid body motion and infinite-dimensional systems such asfluid flow. The illustrations and examples, together with a large number of exercises, both solved and unsolved, make the book particularly useful.

Geometric Mechanics and Symmetry

Author: James Montaldi
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521539579
Format: PDF
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Geometric mechanics lies on the border of pure and applied mathematics and incorporates such disciplines as differential geometry, Hamiltonian mechanics and integrable systems. The editors organised a summer school on Geometric Mechanics and Symmetry from which the main courses have been written up and published here. The book was written with a significant input from the participants at the conference. This means that the lecture notes are thoroughly geared towards the needs of a graduate student and take great care to explain concepts at the correct level.

Einf hrung in die Mechanik und Symmetrie

Author: Jerrold E. Marsden
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642568599
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Symmetrie spielt in der Mechanik eine große Rolle. Dieses Buch beschreibt die Entwicklung zugrunde liegender Theorien. Besonderes Gewicht wird der Symmetrie beigemessen. Ursache hierfür sind Entwicklungen im Bereich dynamischer Systeme, der Einsatz geometrischer Verfahren und neue Anwendungen. Dieses Lehrbuch stellt Grundlagen bereit und beschreibt zahlreiche spezifische Anwendungen. Interessant für Physiker und Ingenieure. Ausgewählte Beispiele, Anwendungen, aktuelle Verfahren/Techniken veranschaulichen die Theorie.

Introduction to Mechanics and Symmetry

Author: J.E. Marsden
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387217924
Format: PDF, Mobi
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A development of the basic theory and applications of mechanics with an emphasis on the role of symmetry. The book includes numerous specific applications, making it beneficial to physicists and engineers. Specific examples and applications show how the theory works, backed by up-to-date techniques, all of which make the text accessible to a wide variety of readers, especially senior undergraduates and graduates in mathematics, physics and engineering. This second edition has been rewritten and updated for clarity throughout, with a major revamping and expansion of the exercises. Internet supplements containing additional material are also available.

Geometric Mechanics

Author: Darryl D Holm
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
ISBN: 1911298658
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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See also GEOMETRIC MECHANICS — Part II: Rotating, Translating and Rolling (2nd Edition) This textbook introduces the tools and language of modern geometric mechanics to advanced undergraduates and beginning graduate students in mathematics, physics and engineering. It treats the fundamental problems of dynamical systems from the viewpoint of Lie group symmetry in variational principles. The only prerequisites are linear algebra, calculus and some familiarity with Hamilton's principle and canonical Poisson brackets in classical mechanics at the beginning undergraduate level. The ideas and concepts of geometric mechanics are explained in the context of explicit examples. Through these examples, the student develops skills in performing computational manipulations, starting from Fermat's principle, working through the theory of differential forms on manifolds and transferring these ideas to the applications of reduction by symmetry to reveal Lie–Poisson Hamiltonian formulations and momentum maps in physical applications. The many Exercises and Worked Answers in the text enable the student to grasp the essential aspects of the subject. In addition, the modern language and application of differential forms is explained in the context of geometric mechanics, so that the importance of Lie derivatives and their flows is clear. All theorems are stated and proved explicitly. The organisation of the first edition has been preserved in the second edition. However, the substance of the text has been rewritten throughout to improve the flow and to enrich the development of the material. In particular, the role of Noether's theorem about the implications of Lie group symmetries for conservation laws of dynamical systems has been emphasised throughout, with many applications. Contents: Fermat's Ray Optics:Fermat's principleHamiltonian formulation of axial ray opticsHamiltonian form of optical transmissionAxisymmetric invariant coordinatesGeometry of invariant coordinatesSymplectic matricesLie algebrasEquilibrium solutionsMomentum mapsLie–Poisson bracketsDivergenceless vector fieldsGeometry of solution behaviourGeometric ray optics in anisotropic mediaTen geometrical features of ray opticsNewton, Lagrange, Hamilton and the Rigid Body:NewtonLagrangeHamiltonRigid-body motionSpherical pendulumLie, Poincaré, Cartan: Differential Forms:Poincaré and symplectic manifoldsPreliminaries for exterior calculusDifferential forms and Lie derivativesLie derivativeFormulations of ideal fluid dynamicsHodge star operator on ℝ3Poincaré's lemma: Closed vs exact differential formsEuler's equations in Maxwell formEuler's equations in Hodge-star form in ℝ4Resonances and S1 Reduction:Dynamics of two coupled oscillators on ℂ2The action of SU(2) on ℂ2Geometric and dynamic S1 phasesKummer shapes for n:m resonancesOptical travelling-wave pulsesElastic Spherical Pendulum:Introduction and problem formulationEquations of motionReduction and reconstruction of solutionsMaxwell-Bloch Laser-Matter Equations:Self-induced transparencyClassifying Lie–Poisson Hamiltonian structures for real-valued Maxwell–Bloch systemReductions to the two-dimensional level sets of the distinguished functionsRemarks on geometric phasesEnhanced Coursework:Problem formulations and selected solutionsIntroduction to oscillatory motionPlanar isotropic simple harmonic oscillator (PISHO)Complex phase space for two oscillatorsTwo-dimensional resonant oscillatorsA quadratically nonlinear oscillatorLie derivatives and differential formsExercises for Review and Further Study:The reduced Kepler problem: Newton (1686)Hamiltonian reduction by stagesℝ3 bracket for the spherical pendulumMaxwell–Bloch equationsModulation equationsThe Hopf map2:1 resonant oscillatorsA steady Euler fluid flowDynamics of vorticity gradientThe C Neumann problem (1859) Readership: Advanced undergraduate and graduate students in mathematics, physics and engineering; non-experts interested in geometric mechanics, dynamics and symmetry.

Lectures on Mechanics

Author: Jerrold E. Marsden
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521428446
Format: PDF, ePub
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Based on the 1991 LMS Invited Lectures given by Professor Marsden, this book discusses and applies symmetry methods to such areas as bifurcations and chaos in mechanical systems.

Geometric Mechanics on Riemannian Manifolds

Author: Ovidiu Calin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0817644210
Format: PDF, Mobi
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* A geometric approach to problems in physics, many of which cannot be solved by any other methods * Text is enriched with good examples and exercises at the end of every chapter * Fine for a course or seminar directed at grad and adv. undergrad students interested in elliptic and hyperbolic differential equations, differential geometry, calculus of variations, quantum mechanics, and physics

Differentialgeometrie Topologie und Physik

Author: Mikio Nakahara
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3662453002
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Differentialgeometrie und Topologie sind wichtige Werkzeuge für die Theoretische Physik. Insbesondere finden sie Anwendung in den Gebieten der Astrophysik, der Teilchen- und Festkörperphysik. Das vorliegende beliebte Buch, das nun erstmals ins Deutsche übersetzt wurde, ist eine ideale Einführung für Masterstudenten und Forscher im Bereich der theoretischen und mathematischen Physik. - Im ersten Kapitel bietet das Buch einen Überblick über die Pfadintegralmethode und Eichtheorien. - Kapitel 2 beschäftigt sich mit den mathematischen Grundlagen von Abbildungen, Vektorräumen und der Topologie. - Die folgenden Kapitel beschäftigen sich mit fortgeschritteneren Konzepten der Geometrie und Topologie und diskutieren auch deren Anwendungen im Bereich der Flüssigkristalle, bei suprafluidem Helium, in der ART und der bosonischen Stringtheorie. - Daran anschließend findet eine Zusammenführung von Geometrie und Topologie statt: es geht um Faserbündel, characteristische Klassen und Indextheoreme (u.a. in Anwendung auf die supersymmetrische Quantenmechanik). - Die letzten beiden Kapitel widmen sich der spannendsten Anwendung von Geometrie und Topologie in der modernen Physik, nämlich den Eichfeldtheorien und der Analyse der Polakov'schen bosonischen Stringtheorie aus einer gemetrischen Perspektive. Mikio Nakahara studierte an der Universität Kyoto und am King’s in London Physik sowie klassische und Quantengravitationstheorie. Heute ist er Physikprofessor an der Kinki-Universität in Osaka (Japan), wo er u. a. über topologische Quantencomputer forscht. Diese Buch entstand aus einer Vorlesung, die er während Forschungsaufenthalten an der University of Sussex und an der Helsinki University of Sussex gehalten hat.

Geometric Mechanics

Author: Richard Talman
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 352761141X
Format: PDF, Mobi
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For physicists, mechanics is quite obviously geometric, yet the classical approach typically emphasizes abstract, mathematical formalism. Setting out to make mechanics both accessible and interesting for non-mathematicians, Richard Talman uses geometric methods to reveal qualitative aspects of the theory. He introduces concepts from differential geometry, differential forms, and tensor analysis, then applies them to areas of classical mechanics as well as other areas of physics, including optics, crystal diffraction, electromagnetism, relativity, and quantum mechanics. For easy reference, the author treats Lagrangian, Hamiltonian, and Newtonian mechanics separately -- exploring their geometric structure through vector fields, symplectic geometry, and gauge invariance respectively. Practical perturbative methods of approximation are also developed. This second, fully revised edition has been expanded to include new chapters on electromagnetic theory, general relativity, and string theory. 'Geometric Mechanics' features illustrative examples and assumes only basic knowledge of Lagrangian mechanics.