Germany Pacifism and Peace Enforcement

Author: Anja Dalgaard-Nielsen
Publisher: Manchester University Press
ISBN: 9781847792129
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Germany, pacifism and peace enforcement is about the transformation of Germany's security and defence policy in the time between the 1991 Gulf War and the 2003 war against Iraq. The book traces and explains the reaction of Europe's biggest and potentially most powerful country to the ethnic wars of the 1990s, the emergence of large-scale terrorism, and the new US emphasis on pre-emptive strikes. Based on an analysis of Germany's strategic culture it portrays Germany as a security actor and indicates the conditions and limits of the new German willingness to participate in international military crisis management that developed over the 1990s. It debates the implications of Germany's transformation for Germany's partners and neighbours and explains why Germany said 'yes' to the war in Afghanistan, but 'no' to the Iraq War.

Supranational Citizenship

Author: Lynn Dobson
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 071906953X
Format: PDF
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Can we conceptualize a kind of citizenship that need not be of a nation-state, but might be of a variety of political frameworks? Bringing together political theory with debates about European integration, international relations, and the changing nature of citizenship, this book, available at last in paperback, offers a coherent and innovative theorization of a citizenship independent of any specific form of political organization. It relates that conception of citizenship to topical issues of the European Union: democracy and legitimate authority; non-national political community; and the nature of the supranational constitution. The author argues that citizenship should no longer be seen as a status of privileged membership, but instead as an institutional role enabling individuals' capacities to shape the context of their lives and promote the freedom and well-being of others. In doing so, she draws on and develops ideas found in the work of the philosopher Alan Gewirth.

The Conflict Over Kosovo

Author: Stephen T. Hosmer
Publisher: Rand Corporation
ISBN: 0833032380
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This report examines the reasons Slobodan Milosevic, the then president of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, decided on June 3, 1999, to accept NATO's conditions for terminating the conflict over Kosovo. Drawing in part upon the testimony of Milosevic and other senior Serb and foreign officials who directly interacted with Milosevic, the report analyzes (1) the assumptions and other calculations that underlay Milosevic's initial decision to defy NATO's demands with regard to Kosovo, and (2) the political, economic, and military developments and pressures, and the resulting expectations and concerns that most importantly influenced his subsequent decision to come to terms. While several interrelated factors, including Moscow's eventual endorsement of NATO's terms, helped shape Milosevic's decision to yield, it was the cumulative effect of NATO air power that proved most decisive. The allied bombing of Serbia's infrastructure targets, as it intensified, stimulated a growing interest among both the Servian public and Belgrade officials to end the conflict. Milosevic's belief that the bombing that would follow a rejection of NATO's June 2 peace terms would be massively destructive and threatening to his continued rule made a settlement seem imperative. Also examined are some implications for future U.S. and allied military capabilities and operations.

War in Peace

Author: Robert Gerwarth
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 019968605X
Format: PDF
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The First World War did not end in November 1918. In Russia and Eastern Europe it finished up to a year earlier, and both there and elsewhere in Europe it triggered conflicts that lasted down to 1923. Paramilitary formations were prominent in this continuation of the war. They had some features of formal military organizations, but were used in opposition to the regular military as an instrument of revolution or as an adjunct or substitute for military forces when these were unable by themselves to put down a revolution (whether class or national). Paramilitary violence thus arose in different contexts. It was an important aspect of the violence unleashed by class revolution in Russia. It structured the counter-revolution in central and Eastern Europe, including Finland and Italy, which reacted against a mythic version of Bolshevik class violence in the name of order and authority. It also shaped the struggles over borders and ethnicity in the new states that replaced the multi-national empires of Russia, Austria-Hungary and Ottoman Turkey. It was prominent on all sides in the wars for Irish independence. In many cases, paramilitary violence was charged with political significance and acquired a long-lasting symbolism and influence. War in Peace explores the differences and similarities between these various kinds of paramilitary violence within one volume for the first time. It thereby contributes to our understanding of the difficult transitions from war to peace. It also helps to re-situate the Great War in a longer-term context and to explain its enduring impact.

Kosovo

Author: Kurt R. Spillmann
Publisher: Peter Lang Pub Incorporated
ISBN: 9780820450605
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Bern, Berlin, Bruxelles, Frankfurt/M., New York, Oxford, Wien, Studies in Contemporary History and Security Policy. Vol. 5. General Editors: Kurt R. Spillmann and Andreas Wenger Center for Security Studies and Conflict Research, ETH Zurich The Kosovo crisis of 1999 was one of the most challenging events for cooperative security. Since the end of the Cold War, the European states, the United States and Canada have made progress in devising a new security architecture. However, the wars in the former Yugoslavia seemed to indicate that the new international order was not able to live up to its expectations. For the fourth time in eight years the Yugoslav president Slobodan Milosevic and those political forces he stands for tried to resolve an ethnic problem by means of ethnic cleansing. Unlike in Bosnia-Herzegovina or in Croatia, the Western world reacted with much more determination and resolve. The outcome was an accord that was made in early June 1999 and which has to be seen against the backdrop of a major international crisis. This book critically examines the various efforts to resolve the Kosovo problem by ways of cooperative security. It also deals with the problems that started after the agreement of 9 June 1999. Furthermore, it tries to shed light on the broader regional and international aspects of that crisis. Contents: Albrecht Schnabel: Political Cooperation in Retrospect: Contact Group, EU, OSCE, NATO, G-8 and UN Working toward a Kosovo Settlement - Domitilla Sagramoso: Why Did Milosevic Give in? Political Cooperation in Retrospect - Lukas Haynes: The Emergency Response of NATO and Humanitarian Agencies - Eric A. Witte: Reconstructing Kosovo: The Ethnic Dimension - RobertaN. Haar: The Kosovo Crisis and its Consequences for a European Security Architecture - Anastasia V. Mitrofanova: The Military Operation in Kosovo and the European Security System: Lessons Unlearned - Johannes Varwick: The Kosovo Crisis and the European Union: The Stability Pact and its Consequences for EU Enlargement - Andrew B. Denison: The United States and the Lessons of the Kosovo Campaign - Ekaterina Stepanova: Russia's Policy on the Kosovo Crisis: The Limits of - Cooperative Peacemaking."

The Foundations of Europe

Author: Thomas Hörber
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783531904351
Format: PDF, Docs
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Thomas Hörber analyses the building process of European integration. He shows the parliamentary discourses of France, Germany and Britain to be representative of the national position of these states towards the developing concept of 'Europe'. He covers all key events and developments of the time which had an impact on the European integration process and provides an explanation for the convergence of national discourses towards a common Europe. This development was by no means a given and the analysis of parliamentary debates shows for the first time how vigorous the debates were on European integration in the 1950s, and how, despite setbacks (notably the failure of the European Defence Community), the discussion went in favour of integration.

EU Enlargement the Clash of Capitalisms and the European Social Dimension

Author: Paul Copeland
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0719088259
Format: PDF, Mobi
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At the heart of the European integration process is the political economy debate over whether the EU should be a market-making project, or if it should combine this with integration in employment and social policy. What has been the impact of the 2004 and 2007 rounds of enlargement upon the political economy of European integration? EU enlargement, the clash of capitalisms and the European social dimension analyses the impact of the 2004 and 2007 enlargements upon the politics of European integration within EU employment and social policy. This book analyses the main policy negotiations in the field and analyses the political positions and contributions of the Central and Eastern European Member States. Through analyses of the negotiations of the Services Directive, the revision of the Working Time Directive and the Europe 2020 poverty target, the book argues that the addition of the Central and Eastern European states has strengthened liberal forces at the EU level and undermined integration with EU employment and social policy.

The Transformation of Peace

Author: O. Richmond
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230505074
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book examines the transformation of the discourse and praxis of peace, from its early beginnings in the literature on war and power, to the development of intellectual and theoretical discourses of peace, contrasting this with the development of practical approaches to peace, and examining the intellectual and policy evolution regarding peace.

Peace Without Poison

Author: Kevin Mugur Galalae
Publisher: Createspace Independent Pub
ISBN: 9781508687658
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The data presented in this epic document proves the existence of a global program of population control that has been carefully concealed from the public since its inception in 1945 and shatter fabricated notions perpetuated to confuse and confound inquiring minds lest they stumble upon the frightening truth that the international framework for peace is based on genocide. This is the 21st century's Magna Carta, Declaration of Independence and Universal Declaration of Human Rights all wrapped into one. It will define life in the 21st century and affect every human being on the planet.