Global Food Security Governance

Author: Jessica Duncan
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317623193
Format: PDF, Kindle
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In 2007/8 world food prices spiked and global economic crisis set in, leaving hundreds of millions of people unable to access adequate food. The international reaction was swift. In a bid for leadership, the 123 member countries of the United Nations’ Committee on World Food Security (CFS) adopted a series of reforms with the aim of becoming the foremost international, inclusive and intergovernmental platform for food security. Central to the reform was the inclusion of participants (including civil society and the private sector) across all activities of the Committee. Drawing on data collected from policy documents, interviews and participant observation, this book examines the re-organization and functioning of a UN Committee that is coming to be known as a best practice in global governance. Framed by key challenges that plague global governance, the impact and implication of increased civil society engagement are examined by tracing policy negotiations within the CFS, in particular, policy roundtables on smallholder sensitive investment and food price volatility and negotiations on the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security, and the Global Strategic Framework for Food Security and Nutrition. The author shows that through their participation in the Committee, civil society actors are influencing policy outcomes. Yet analysis also reveals that the CFS is being undermined by other actors seeking to gain and maintain influence at the global level. By way of this analysis, this book provides empirically-informed insights into increased participation in global governance processes.

Transforming Gender and Food Security in the Global South

Author: Jemimah Njuki
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317190017
Format: PDF, Docs
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Drawing on studies from Africa, Asia and South America, this book provides empirical evidence and conceptual explorations of the gendered dimensions of food security. It investigates how food security and gender inequity are conceptualized within interventions, assesses the impacts and outcomes of gender-responsive programs on food security and gender equity and addresses diverse approaches to gender research and practice that range from descriptive and analytical to strategic and transformative. The chapters draw on diverse theoretical perspectives, including transformative learning, feminist theory, deliberative democracy and technology adoption. As a result, they add important conceptual and empirical material to a growing literature on the challenges of gender equity in agricultural production. A unique feature of this book is the integration of both analytic and transformative approaches to understanding gender and food security. The analytic material shows how food security interventions enable women and men to meet the long-term nutritional needs of their households, and to enhance their economic position. The transformative chapters also document efforts to build durable and equitable relationships between men and women, addressing underlying social, cultural and economic causes of gender inequality. Taken together, these combined approaches enable women and men to reflect on gendered divisions of labor and resources related to food, and to reshape these divisions in ways which benefit families and communities. Co-published with the International Development Research Centre.

Sustainable Food Futures

Author: Jessica Duncan
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1315463113
Format: PDF, ePub
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Securing sustainable food for everyone is one of the world's most pressing challenges, but research, policy, and programmes remain fragmented, and effective solutions have been slow to emerge. This book takes on these challenges by proposing a range of solutions that can advance pathways towards sustainable food futures. Complete with recipes, this book is structured so that readers are taken in a logical progression through discussions of solutions, highlighting the need to recognise the importance of place and the importance of participation, and to challenge dominant descriptions of markets, through to re-designing food systems. The solutions presented in this book are based on real-world cases, but discussions remain deliberately broad to encourage thinking in new ways. Cases are drawn from Africa, Asia, Europe, and North and South America. The book is of relevance to those interested in sustainable food futures, and can serve as a supplementary textbook for a wide range of courses in food studies and related disciplines.

Urban Food Planning

Author: Rositsa T. Ilieva
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317331699
Format: PDF, Docs
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This highly original work examines the rise of the urban food planning movement in the Global North and provides insights into the new relationship between cities and food which has started developing over the past decade. It sheds light on cities as new spaces for food system innovation and on food as a tool for sustainable urban development. Drawing insights from the literature on socio-technical transitions, the book presents examples of pioneering urban food planning endeavours from North America and Western Europe (especially the Netherlands and the UK). These are integrated into a single mosaic helping to uncover the conceptual, analytical, design, and organizational innovations emerging at the interface of food and urban policy and planning. The author shows how promising "seeds of transition" to a shared urban food planning agenda are in the making, though the urban food planning niche as a whole still lacks the necessary maturity to lastingly influence mainstream planning practices and the dominant agri-food system regime. Some of the strategic levers to cope with the current instability and limitations of urban food planning and effectively transition it from a marginal novelty to a normalized domain of policy, research, and practice are systematically examined to this end. The conclusions and recommendations put forward have major implications for scholars, activists, and public officials seeking to radically transform the co-evolution of food, cities, and the environment.

Peasants Negotiating a Global Policy Space

Author: Ingeborg Gaarde
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 131544495X
Format: PDF, Docs
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Being the public voice of over 180 member organisations across nearly 90 countries, La Vía Campesina, the global peasant movement, has planted itself firmly on the international scene. This book explores the internationalisation of the movement, with a specific focus on the engagement of peasants in the processes of the Committee on World Food Security (CFS). Since the reform of the CFS in 2009, civil society actors engage in the policy processes of this UN Committee from a self-designed and autonomous global Civil Society Mechanism. The author sheds light on the strategies, tensions, debates, and reconfigurations arising from rural actors moving between every day struggles in the fields and those of the UN arena. Whereas most theories in the dominant literature on social movements expect them to either disappear or institutionalise in a predetermined pattern, the book presents empirical evidence that La Vía Campesina is building a much more sophisticated model. The direct participation of representatives of peasant organisations in the CFS is highlighted as a pioneering example of building a more complex, inclusive and democratic foundation for global policy-making. Foreword by Olivier De Schutter, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Right to Food (2008-2014).

OECD Leits tze f r multinationale Unternehmen

Author: OECD
Publisher: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 9264122354
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Die OECD-Leitsätze für multinationale Unternehmen sind das weltweit wichtigste staatlich geförderte Instrument für verantwortungsvolles unternehmerisches Handeln. Die Ausgabe 2011 enthält neue Empfehlungen zu den Menschenrechten und zur Verantwortung der Unternehmen für ihre Zulieferketten.

Deliberative Global Governance

Author: Ulrike Ehling
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658138262
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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In dieser Studie wird die Annahme, dass deliberative Global Governance legitimes Regieren jenseits des Staates ermöglicht, sowohl theoretisch begründet als auch am Beispiel der WTO empirisch plausibilisiert. Dazu wird ein Modell entwickelt, das Überlegungen der deliberativen Demokratietheorie zur Funktion von Recht und Zivilgesellschaft auf die internationale Politik überträgt. Die Rekonstruktion deliberativer Verfahren in der WTO-Debatte über den Zugang zu lebensnotwendigen Medikamenten zeigt: Wenn zivilgesellschaftliche Akteure öffentlichen Rechtfertigungsdruck aufbauen und zugleich rechtlich kodifizierte Begründungspflichten gelten, dann kann argumentationsbasierte Interaktion gestärkt und die asymmetrische Verteilung von Verhandlungsmacht relativiert werden.

Fair Future

Author:
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 9783406527883
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Ölkrise, Wasserkonflikte, schwindende Ernährungssicherheit - die Botschaften von knappen Ressourcen häufen sich. Und dies in einer Welt mit wachsender Bevölkerung, zahllosen Armen und stolzen Nationen, die auch ihren Platz an der Sonne fordern. Ihr Recht auf Entwicklung kann man im Zeitalter der Globalisierung nicht bestreiten - und dennoch ist bereits jetzt die Biosphäre überfordert. Die Inder wollen Straßen und die Chinesen mehr Öl: Der Kampf um die knappe Natur wird die Krisen des 21. Jahrhunderts mitbestimmen. Ressourcenkonflikte, große und kleine, sind oft der unsichtbare Faktor hinter Chaos und Gewalt. Wo jedoch der Kuchen immer kleiner, der Hunger immer größer und die Gäste immer zahlreicher werden, da ist es höchste Zeit, nach Wegen einer gerechteren Verteilung von Ressourcen zu suchen. Dieses Buch, verfaßt von Fachleuten des international renommierten Wuppertal Instituts, liefert eine Analyse der Konfliktlagen. Es entwirft überdies Perspektiven einer Politik der Ressourcengerechtigkeit und umreißt die Konturen einer globalen Umwelt- und Wirtschaftspolitik, die gleichermaßen der Natur wie den Menschen verpflichtet ist. Ein wichtiges Informationswerk und ein Kompass für alle, die nach Wegen zu einer zukunftsfähigen Weltgesellschaft suchen.