Global Human Smuggling

Author: David Kyle
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 1421401983
Format: PDF, Docs
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Ten years ago the topic of human smuggling and trafficking was relatively new for academic researchers, though the practice itself is very old. Since the first edition of this volume was published, much has changed globally, directly impacting the phenomenon of human smuggling. Migrant smuggling and human trafficking are now more entrenched than ever in many regions, with efforts to combat them both largely unsuccessful and often counterproductive. This book explores human smuggling in several forms and regions, globally examining its deep historic, social, economic, and cultural roots and its broad political consequences. Contributors to the updated and expanded edition consider the trends and events of the past several years, especially in light of developments after 9/11 and the creation of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security. They also reflect on the moral economy of human smuggling and trafficking, the increasing percentage of the world's asylum seekers who escape political violence only by being smuggled, and the implications of human smuggling in a warming world.

Keine Papiere keine Rechte

Author: Insa Breyer
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 3593394979
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Viele Flüchtlinge kommen – wie aktuell aus dem arabischen Raum – ohne Papiere nach Europa. In Frankreich heißen sie Sans-papiers, in Deutschland schlicht »Illegale«. Beide Bezeichnungen verweisen darauf, dass es diese Migranten aus staatlicher Sicht gar nicht geben dürfte – und doch befinden sie sich auf dem jeweiligen Territorium. Insa Breyer untersucht die rechtlichen Bedingungen und die Verhältnisse, unter denen sie leben. Sie hat viele von ihnen interviewt, sich die Unterkünfte angesehen, die medizinische Versorgung und ihre Kontakte zur Bevölkerung. Ihr Fazit: Die Bedingungen für die Flüchtlinge sind in Deutschland und Frankreich zwar unterschiedlich, marginalisiert und ausgeschlossen sind sie aber in beiden Ländern. Hier ist die europäische Staatengemeinschaft noch weit davon entfernt, jene humanitären Ideale einzulösen, die sie nach außen vermittelt.

Migration Citizenship Ethnos

Author: Y. Bodemann
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1403984670
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This collection of essays addresses three interrelated themes: the basic issues in contemporary German and European Migration since 1945 with particular focus on new developments in the 80s; the ways in which the citizenship debate has proceeded and how immigration and citizenship have been handled in Western Europe.

Human Trafficking

Author: Louise Shelley
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139489771
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book examines all forms of human trafficking globally, revealing the operations of the trafficking business and the nature of the traffickers themselves. Using a historical and comparative perspective, it demonstrates that there is more than one business model of human trafficking and that there are enormous variations in human trafficking in different regions of the world. Drawing on a wide body of academic research - actual prosecuted cases, diverse reports and field work and interviews conducted by the author over the last sixteen years in Asia, Latin America, Africa, Europe and the former socialist countries - Louise Shelley concludes that human trafficking will grow in the twenty-first century as a result of economic and demographic inequalities in the world, the rise of conflicts and possibly global climate change. Coordinated efforts of government, civil society, the business community, multilateral organizations and the media are needed to stem its growth.

International Migration and the Globalization of Domestic Politics

Author: Rey Koslowski
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 0415429676
Format: PDF, ePub
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Increasing international migration, the information revolution and democratization have propelled a globalization of the domestic politics of many states and, although diasporic politics is not new, emigrant political participation in homeland politics has grown as well as adapted to the new methods of the information revolution. This book examines the participation of emigrants in their home country politics. It considers the consequences of such participation for domestic and foreign policies in both host and home country, and explores the theoretical implications for democracy, nationalism, the state and the shape of world politics in the future. It includes detailed case studies of Turkish emigrants in Europe, the US and Saudi Arabia, Kurds in Europe, Israeli emigrants and the American Jewish community, Mexicans in the US, Chinese throughout the Pacific Rim, Indians in the US and Russians who found themselves outside Russia when the Soviet Union collapsed. By providing extensive documentation of emigrant political activity with significant impact on homeland politics and foreign policies, this work provides ammunition to the argument that international migration, globalization and transnational phenomena pose serious challenges to the state and the international system of states. It will be of interest to anthropologists, sociologists and area studies specialists as well as political science and international relations scholars.

Homo sacer

Author: Giorgio Agamben
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 351878420X
Format: PDF
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Der homo sacer ist die Verkörperung einer archaischen römischen Rechtsfigur: Zwar durfte er straflos getötet, nicht aber geopfert werden, was auch seine Tötung sinnlos und ihn gleichsam unberührbar machte – woraus sich der Doppelsinn von sacer als ›verflucht‹ und ›geheiligt‹ ableitet. Giorgio Agamben stellt im Anschluß an Foucault und als philosophische Korrektur von dessen Konzept der Biopolitik die These auf, daß Biopolitik, indem sie den Menschen auf einen biologischen Nullwert zurückzuführen versucht, das nackte Leben zum eigentlichen Subjekt der Moderne macht. Ausgehend von Carl Schmitts Souveränitätskonzept, kommt Agamben zu einer Interpretation des Konzentrationslagers als »nomos der Moderne«, wo Recht und Tat, Regel und Ausnahme, Leben und Tod ununterscheidbar werden. In den zwischen Leben und Tod siechenden Häftlingen, aber auch in den Flüchtlingen von heute sieht er massenhaft real gewordene Verkörperungen des homo sacer und des nackten Lebens. Die philosophische Begründung dessen, daß diese Möglichkeit keineswegs nur historisch ist, hat eine Diskussion entfacht, die weit über Italien und Europa hinausreicht.

Migrationsnetzwerke

Author: Julian Traublinger
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3640775279
Format: PDF
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Bachelorarbeit aus dem Jahr 2008 im Fachbereich Geowissenschaften / Geographie - Politische Geographie, Note: 1,0, Universitat Salzburg (Fachbereich Geographie und Geologie), Veranstaltung: Proseminar: Globalisierung, Regionalentwicklung und Regionalanalyse (WS 2007/08), Sprache: Deutsch, Anmerkungen: In dieser Bachelorarbeit werden unter dem Titel Migrationsnetzwerke nicht etwa Phanomene wie die Ruckuberweisungen von Auswanderern aus Industrielandern in ihre Heimat behandelt, sondern die Netzwerke, die geopolitisch in der EU und zwischen der EU und Nordafrika bezuglich der Migration in Booten uber das Mittelmeer bestehen und deren alltagliche Auswirkungen auf die Fluchtlinge., Abstract: Abstract "It is not the Immigration, which creates the problems - it is how it is managed politically. It is also not Europe, which is under attack, but the walls of a fortress that are being built presently." Corinna Milborn: "Gesturmte Festung Europa...," p. 7 (Translation by the author) In this thesis about the boat people in the Mediterranean an emphasis lies on Italy and further on the EU policy on refugees in the Mediterranean under cooperation with African states. Regarding the EU policy it is especially about the border security agency Frontex that has available a rapidly growing budget coming from the EU funds. The protagonists of the EU politics like to stress that their policies are for the best of the migrants themselves as well as their countries of origins and the ones they are going to so that they could produce a "triple win situation." But refugee aid and other human rights organizations critizise harshly that refugees are criminalized and do not get their legitimate rights guaranteed. The NGOs collected numerous examples of inhumane policies against "illegal" migrants in countries around the Mediterranean. By bringing together the current events, the author wants to describe with this thesis state networks about illegal migration and follow the question if the