Governing Agricultural Sustainability

Author: Phil Macnaghten
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317486013
Format: PDF, Docs
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Although GM crops are seen by their advocates as a key component of the future of world agriculture and as part of the solution for world poverty and hunger, their uptake has not been smooth nor universal: they have been marred by controversy and all too commonly their regulation has been challenged as inadequate, even biased. This book aims to understand these dynamics, examining the impacts of GM crops in diverse contexts and their potentials to contribute to sustainable agricultural futures. Part 1 draws on research from three global ‘rising powers’ – Brazil, India and Mexico – exploring the views of scientists, farmers and publics. Using a diverse array of ethnographic and qualitative methodologies, the book examines the dynamics that have underpinned the controversy in three diverse geo-political contexts, the manner in which dominant institutional framings have been closely aligned with the interests of powerful elites, and the multiple ways in which these have been resisted through local, symbolic and material practices. Part 2 comprises a series of short comment pieces from 11 leading social and natural scientists responding to the question of how to develop a policy framework for the responsible innovation of sustainable, culturally appropriate and socially just agricultural GM technologies. This innovative book offers new insights for researchers and postgraduates in Science and technology studies, Agro-ecology and Environmental Studies, Development studies, Anthropology, Human Geography, Sociology, Political Science, Public Administration, Latin American studies, and Asian studies.

Advances in Food Security and Sustainability

Author:
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128130806
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Advances in Food Security and Sustainability, Volume Two takes a scientific look at the challenges, constraints and solutions necessary to maintain a healthy and accessible food supply in different communities around the world. Topics covered in this new volume include the Management of major fungal diseases for sustainable oilseed rape crop production in the UK, Public Policy and the Construction of New Markets to Family Farms: Analyzing the Case of School Meals in São Paulo, Brazil, The environmental, social and market sustainability of sugar, and Sustainability performance of food chains: linking biodiversity and nutritional value in the Italian wheat to bread chain. This ongoing series addresses a wide range of issues on the principles and practices of food sustainability and security, exploring challenges related to protecting environmental resources while also meeting human nutritional requirements. Contains expertise from leading contributions on the topics Covers a vast array of subjects relating to food security and sustainability Explores challenges related to protecting environmental resources while also meeting human nutritional requirements

Gender Equality and Sustainable Development

Author: Melissa Leach
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317415191
Format: PDF, Docs
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For pathways to be truly sustainable and advance gender equality and the rights and capabilities of women and girls, those whose lives and well-being are at stake must be involved in leading the way. Gender Equality and Sustainable Development calls for policies, investments and initiatives in sustainable development that recognize women’s knowledge, agency and decision-making as fundamental. Four key sets of issues - work and industrial production; population and reproduction; food and agriculture, and water, sanitation and energy provide focal lenses through which these challenges are considered. Perspectives from new feminist political ecology and economy are integrated, alongside issues of rights, relations and power. The book untangles the complex interactions between different dimensions of gender relations and of sustainability, and explores how policy and activism can build synergies between them. Finally, this book demonstrates how plural pathways are possible; underpinned by different narratives about gender and sustainability, and how the choices between these are ultimately political. This timely book will be of great interest to students, scholars, practitioners and policy makers working on gender, sustainable development, development studies and ecological economics.

Agricultural Systems Agroecology and Rural Innovation for Development

Author: Sieglinde Snapp
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128020954
Format: PDF, ePub
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Agricultural Systems, Second Edition, is a comprehensive text for developing sustainable farming systems. It presents a synthetic overview of the emerging area of agroecology applications to transforming farming systems and supporting rural innovation, with particular emphasis on how research can be harnessed for sustainable agriculture. The inclusion of research theory and examples using the principles of cropping system design allows students to gain a unique understanding of the technical, biological, ecological, economic and sociological aspects of farming systems science for rural livelihoods. This book explores topics such as: re-inventing farming systems; principles and practice of agroecology; agricultural change and low-input technology; ecologically-based nutrient management; participatory breeding for developing improved and relevant crops; participatory livestock research for development; gender and agrarian inequality at the local scale; the nature of agricultural innovation; and outreach to support rural innovation. The extensive coverage of subjects is complemented with integrated references and a companion website, making this book essential reading for courses in international agricultural systems and management, sustainable agricultural management, and cropping systems. This book will be a valuable resource for students of agricultural science, environmental engineering, and rural planning; researchers and scientists in agricultural development agencies; and practitioners of agricultural development in government extension programs, development agencies, and NGOs. Provides students with an enhanced understanding of how research can be harnessed for sustainable agriculture Incorporates social, biological, chemical, and geographical aspects important to agroecology Addresses social and development issues related to farming systems

Agricultural Governance

Author: Vaughan Higgins
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134262825
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Food security and sustainability are arguably the most important issues facing the agri-food sector at the beginning of a new millennium. In an era of globalization, where nation states appear to have a diminishing role in governing these matters, the existing and emerging power relations underpinning agri-food regulation demand renewed scholarly attention. Drawing upon the expertise of some of the most prominent writers in rural sociology, geography and anthropology, this book shows how globalization processes open up a new regulatory politics in which ‘non-political’ forms of governing play an increasingly influential role in shaping agricultural production and consumption. The first of its kind to critically and comprehensively examine new forms of governing and regulation, this important text explores the relationship between globalization and new sites, spaces and agents of agricultural regulation, using detailed case studies in developed nations to illustrate points made. Demonstrating the political significance of regulatory mechanisms extending beyond the state, the book also discusses the consequences for the governing of the agri-food sector.

Agricultural Sustainability

Author: Gary W vanLoon
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9780761933403
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book describes how to develop methods for evaluating and assessing the sustainable development of agricultural systems in a micro-region. A comprehensive and practical book, it guides the reader through details of the methodology needed to carry out an appropriate assessment, and focuses on the central problem of whether productivity can be maintained. More specifically, it: - Discusses the meanings of sustainability and sustainable development, and reviews the issues related to agricultural sustainability. - Examines the theory and practice of indicators and delineates the six categories considered necessary for a holistic evaluation: productivity, stability, efficiency, durability, compatibility and equity.

Innovative markets for sustainable agriculture

Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.
ISBN: 925109327X
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Between 2013 and 2015, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the French National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA) undertook a survey of innovative approaches that enable markets to act as incentives in the transition towards sustainable agriculture in developing countries. Through a competitive selection process, 15 cases from around the world provide insights into how small-scale initiatives that use sustainable production practices are supported by market demand, and create innovations in the institutions that govern sustainable practices and market exchanges. These cases respond to both local and distant consumers’ concerns about the quality of the food that they eat. The book evidences that the initiatives rely upon social values (e.g. trustworthiness, health [nutrition and food safety], food sovereignty, promotion of youth and rural development, farmer and community livelihoods) to adapt sustainable practices to local contexts, while creating new market outlets for food products. Specifically, private sector and civil society actors are leading partnerships with the public sector to build market infrastructure, integrate sustainable agriculture into private and public education and extension programmes, and ensure the exchange of transparent information about market opportunities. The results are: (i) system innovations that allow new rules for marketing and assuring the sustainable qualities of products; (ii) new forms of organization that permit actors to play multiple roles in the food system (e.g. farmer and auditor, farmer and researcher, consumer and auditor, consumer and intermediary); (iii) new forms of market exchange, such as box schemes, university kiosks, public procurement or systems of seed exchanges; and (iv) new technologies for sustainable agriculture (e.g. effective micro-organisms, biopesticides and soil analysis techniques). The public sector plays a key role in providing legitimate political and physical spaces for multiple actors to jointly create and share sustainable agricultural knowledge, practices and products.

Shifting Cultivation Policies

Author: Malcolm Cairns
Publisher: CABI
ISBN: 1786391791
Format: PDF
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Shifting cultivation supports around 200 million people in the Asia-Pacific region alone. It is often regarded as a primitive and inefficient form of agriculture that destroys forests, causes soil erosion and robs lowland areas of water. These misconceptions and their policy implications need to be challenged. Swidden farming could support carbon sequestration and conservation of land, biodiversity and cultural heritage. This comprehensive analysis of past and present policy highlights successes and failures and emphasizes the importance of getting it right for the future. This book is enhanced with supplementary resources. The addendum chapters can be found at: www.cabi.org/openresources/91797

Sustainable Farmland Management

Author: S. Seymour
Publisher: CABI
ISBN: 1845933788
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Examining the relationship between sustainability and farmland management in diffeing tempoarla spatial and production contexts - this book considers famrland multifuctionality, systems and sytemic thinking, the debates over information, knowledge and ethical aspects.