Graphene in Spintronics

Author: Junichiro Inoue
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9814669571
Format: PDF, Docs
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The discovery and fabrication of new materials have opened the gate for new research fields in science and technology. The novel method of fabricating graphene, a purely 2D carbon lattice, and the discovery of the phenomenon of giant magnetoresistance (GMR) in magnetic multilayers are not exceptions. The latter has brought about the creation of the new technological field of spintronics, which utilizes both spin and charge degrees of freedom of electrons. As for the former, many applications have been proposed; however, no practical devices have yet been developed in the field of spintronics. The aim of this book is to provide possible hints to overcome the difficulties in graphene applications in the field of spintronics by comparing the physical properties of graphene and magnetoresistive (MR) phenomena in spintronics. The book will be useful for advanced undergraduate students and graduate students of physics, chemistry, and materials science and young researchers in nanotechnology and the field of spintronics.

Spintronic 2D Materials

Author: Wenqing Liu
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 0081021550
Format: PDF, Docs
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Spintronic 2D Materials: Fundamentals and Applications provides an overview of the fundamental theory of 2D electronic systems that includes a selection of the most intensively investigated 2D materials. The book tells the story of 2D spintronics in a systematic and comprehensive way, providing the growing community of spintronics researchers with a key reference. Part One addresses the fundamental theoretical aspects of 2D materials and spin transport, while Parts Two through Four explore 2D material systems, including graphene, topological insulators, and transition metal dichalcogenides. Each section discusses properties, key issues and recent developments. In addition, the material growth method (from lab to mass production), device fabrication and characterization techniques are included throughout the book. Discusses the fundamentals and applications of spintronics of 2D materials, such as graphene, topological insulators and transition metal dichalcogenides Includes an in-depth look at each materials system, from material growth, device fabrication and characterization techniques Presents the latest solutions on key challenges, such as the spin lifetime of 2D materials, spin-injection efficiency, the potential proximity effects, and much more

Graphene

Author: Mikhail I. Katsnelson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521195403
Format: PDF
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An important introduction to graphene, its physics and potentially significant applications, for graduate students, physicists and materials science researchers.

Graphene

Author: Jamie H. Warner
Publisher: Newnes
ISBN: 0123948274
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Providing fundamental knowledge necessary to understand graphene’s atomic structure, band-structure, unique properties and an overview of groundbreaking current and emergent applications, this new handbook is essential reading for materials scientists, chemists and physicists. Since the 2010 physics Nobel Prize awarded to Geim and Novosolev for their groundbreaking work isolating graphene from bulk graphite, there has been a huge surge in interest in the area. This has led to a large number of news books on graphene. However, for such a vast inflow of new entrants, the current literature is surprisingly slight, focusing exclusively on current research or books on previous "hot topic" allotropes of carbon. This book covers fundamental groundwork of the structure, property, characterization methods and applications of graphene, along with providing the necessary knowledge of graphene’s atomic structure, how it relates to its band-structure and how this in turn leads to the amazing properties of graphene. And so it provides new graduate students and post-docs with a resource that equips them with the knowledge to undertake their research. Discusses graphene’s fundamental structure and properties, acting as a time-saving handbook for validated research Demonstrates 100+ high-quality graphical representations, providing the reader with clear images to convey complex situations Reviews characterization techniques relevant to grapheme, equipping the reader with experimental knowledge relevant for practical use rather than just theoretical understanding

Introduction to Spintronics Second Edition

Author: Supriyo Bandyopadhyay
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 148225557X
Format: PDF
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Introduction to Spintronics provides an accessible, organized, and progressive presentation of the quantum mechanical concept of spin and the technology of using it to store, process, and communicate information. Fully updated and expanded to 18 chapters, this Second Edition: Reflects the explosion of study in spin-related physics, addressing seven important physical phenomena with spintronic device applications Discusses the recently discovered field of spintronics without magnetism, which allows one to manipulate spin currents by purely electrical means Explores lateral spin-orbit interaction and its many nuances, as well as the possibility to implement spin polarizers and analyzers using quantum point contacts Introduces the concept of single-domain-nanomagnet-based computing, an ultra-energy-efficient approach to compute and store information using nanomagnets, offering a practical rendition of single-spin logic architecture ideas and an alternative to transistor-based computing hardware Features many new drill problems, and includes a solution manual and figure slides with qualifying course adoption Still the only known spintronics textbook written in English, Introduction to Spintronics, Second Edition is a must read for those interested in the science and technology of storing, processing, and communicating information via the spin degree of freedom of electrons.

Graphene and Its Fascinating Attributes

Author: Swapan K Pati
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814462551
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Graphene, a single sheet of graphite, has an unconventional electronic structure that can be described in terms of massless Dirac Fermions. This interesting electronic feature is not only an important fundamental issue in condensed matter physics but also holds future promise in post-Si electronic/spintronics device applications. Graphene is the most fundamental building block, with which a variety of carbon-based materials such as graphite, fullerene and carbon nanotubes can be created. The diverse chemical, electronic and magnetic properties of nanographene and graphene are mainly due to their geometrical electronic structure. This book presents the frontiers of graphene research ranging from important issues in condensed matter physics and chemistry to advanced device applications. Contents:Graphene: Synthesis, Functionalization and Properties (C N R Rao et al.)Synthesis and Characterization of Exfoliated Graphene- and Graphene Oxide-Based Composites (K R Rasmi et al.)Singlet Open-shell Character of Polyperiacenes (A Shimizu et al.)Doping of Graphene: A Computational Study (A K Manna & S K Pati)Vibrations and Buckling of Uni-Axially Strained Graphene and BN-Monolayer: A First-Principles Study (K P S S Hembram & U V Waghmare)Raman Spectroscopy of Graphene Edges (R Saito)Probing Single and Bilayer Graphene Field Effect Transistors by Raman Spectroscopy (A Das et al.)Phonons and Electron-Phonon Interaction in Graphene and Nanotube (T Ando)Magnetic Structures of Edge-State Spins in Nanographene and a Network of Nanographene Sheets (T Enoki et al.)Electronic and Transport Properties of Graphene Nanoribbons (K Wakabayashi)Gate-Voltage Modulation in Graphene (K Tsukagoshi et al.)Kondo Physics in Graphene (K Sengupta)Noise in Graphene Transistors (A N Pal & A Ghosh)Spin Transport in Single- and Multi-Layer Graphene (M Shiraishi et al.)Quantum Complexity in Graphene (G Baskaran) Readership: Graduates and researchers in condensed matter physics, materials science, and nanoelectronics. Keywords:Graphene;Nanographene;Carbon Nanomaterial;Dirac Fermion;Two-Dimensional Electronic System;Electronic Properties;Magnetic Properties;Electronic Devices;Chemical Synthesis;Zigzag Edge;Armchair Edge;Dirac ConeKey Features:Topics include important issues in condensed matter physics and electronic device applications, and also chemistryWritten by a number of experts belonging to fundamentally different fields, ranging from Physics, Chemistry, Engineering to Mathematical Physics and Device TechnologyEach contribution presents an important topic of research on graphene, with valuable generalizations for potential applications

Handbook of Spin Transport and Magnetism

Author: Evgeny Y. Tsymbal
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439803781
Format: PDF, Kindle
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In the past several decades, the research on spin transport and magnetism has led to remarkable scientific and technological breakthroughs, including Albert Fert and Peter Grünberg’s Nobel Prize-winning discovery of giant magnetoresistance (GMR) in magnetic metallic multilayers. Handbook of Spin Transport and Magnetism provides a comprehensive, balanced account of the state of the art in the field known as spin electronics or spintronics. It reveals how key phenomena first discovered in one class of materials, such as spin injection in metals, have been revisited decades later in other materials systems, including silicon, organic semiconductors, carbon nanotubes, graphene, and carefully engineered nanostructures. The first section of the book offers a historical and personal perspective of the field written by Nobel Prize laureate Albert Fert. The second section addresses physical phenomena, such as GMR, in hybrid structures of ferromagnetic and normal metals. The third section discusses recent developments in spin-dependent tunneling, including magnetic tunnel junctions with ferroelectric barriers. In the fourth section, the contributors look at how to control spin and magnetism in semiconductors. In the fifth section, they examine phenomena typically found in nanostructures made from metals, superconductors, molecular magnets, carbon nanotubes, quantum dots, and graphene. The final section covers novel spin-based applications, including advanced magnetic sensors, nonvolatile magnetoresistive random access memory, and semiconductor spin-lasers. The techniques and materials of spintronics have rapidly evolved in recent years, leading to vast improvements in hard drive storage and magnetic sensing. With extensive cross-references between chapters, this seminal handbook provides a complete guide to spin transport and magnetism across various classes of materials and structures.

2D Materials

Author: Phaedon Avouris
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316738132
Format: PDF, Docs
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Learn about the most recent advances in 2D materials with this comprehensive and accessible text. Providing all the necessary materials science and physics background, leading experts discuss the fundamental properties of a wide range of 2D materials, and their potential applications in electronic, optoelectronic and photonic devices. Several important classes of materials are covered, from more established ones such as graphene, hexagonal boron nitride, and transition metal dichalcogenides, to new and emerging materials such as black phosphorus, silicene, and germanene. Readers will gain an in-depth understanding of the electronic structure and optical, thermal, mechanical, vibrational, spin and plasmonic properties of each material, as well as the different techniques that can be used for their synthesis. Presenting a unified perspective on 2D materials, this is an excellent resource for graduate students, researchers and practitioners working in nanotechnology, nanoelectronics, nanophotonics, condensed matter physics, and chemistry.

Spintronics in Nanoscale Devices

Author: Eric R. Hedin
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9814411701
Format: PDF, ePub
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By exploiting the novel properties of quantum dots and nanoscale Aharonov–Bohm rings together with the electronic and magnetic properties of various semiconductor materials and graphene, researchers have conducted numerous theoretical and computational modeling studies and experimental tests that show promising behavior for spintronics applications. Spin polarization and spin-filtering capabilities and the ability to manipulate the electron spin state through external magnetic or electric fields have demonstrated the promise of workable nanoscale devices for computing and memory applications. This book provides researchers investigating this cutting-edge field with detailed background descriptions of spin-based effects and devices and their theoretical analysis in nanoelectronic circuits.

Graphene Optoelectronics

Author: Abdul Rashid bin M. Yusoff
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527677801
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This first book on emerging applications for this innovative material gives an up-to-date account of the many opportunities graphene offers high-end optoelectronics. The text focuses on potential as well as already realized applications, discussing metallic and passive components, such as transparent conductors and smart windows, as well as high-frequency devices, spintronics, photonics, and terahertz devices. Also included are sections on the fundamental properties, synthesis, and characterization of graphene. With its unique coverage, this book will be welcomed by materials scientists, solid-state chemists and solid-state physicists alike.