Graphene in Spintronics

Author: Junichiro Inoue
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9814669571
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The discovery and fabrication of new materials have opened the gate for new research fields in science and technology. The novel method of fabricating graphene, a purely 2D carbon lattice, and the discovery of the phenomenon of giant magnetoresistance (GMR) in magnetic multilayers are not exceptions. The latter has brought about the creation of the new technological field of spintronics, which utilizes both spin and charge degrees of freedom of electrons. As for the former, many applications have been proposed; however, no practical devices have yet been developed in the field of spintronics. The aim of this book is to provide possible hints to overcome the difficulties in graphene applications in the field of spintronics by comparing the physical properties of graphene and magnetoresistive (MR) phenomena in spintronics. The book will be useful for advanced undergraduate students and graduate students of physics, chemistry, and materials science and young researchers in nanotechnology and the field of spintronics.

Spintronic 2D Materials

Author: Wenqing Liu
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 0081021550
Format: PDF, Docs
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Spintronic 2D Materials: Fundamentals and Applications provides an overview of the fundamental theory of 2D electronic systems that includes a selection of the most intensively investigated 2D materials. The book tells the story of 2D spintronics in a systematic and comprehensive way, providing the growing community of spintronics researchers with a key reference. Part One addresses the fundamental theoretical aspects of 2D materials and spin transport, while Parts Two through Four explore 2D material systems, including graphene, topological insulators, and transition metal dichalcogenides. Each section discusses properties, key issues and recent developments. In addition, the material growth method (from lab to mass production), device fabrication and characterization techniques are included throughout the book. Discusses the fundamentals and applications of spintronics of 2D materials, such as graphene, topological insulators and transition metal dichalcogenides Includes an in-depth look at each materials system, from material growth, device fabrication and characterization techniques Presents the latest solutions on key challenges, such as the spin lifetime of 2D materials, spin-injection efficiency, the potential proximity effects, and much more

Graphene

Author: Jamie H. Warner
Publisher: Newnes
ISBN: 0123948274
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Providing fundamental knowledge necessary to understand graphene’s atomic structure, band-structure, unique properties and an overview of groundbreaking current and emergent applications, this new handbook is essential reading for materials scientists, chemists and physicists. Since the 2010 physics Nobel Prize awarded to Geim and Novosolev for their groundbreaking work isolating graphene from bulk graphite, there has been a huge surge in interest in the area. This has led to a large number of news books on graphene. However, for such a vast inflow of new entrants, the current literature is surprisingly slight, focusing exclusively on current research or books on previous "hot topic" allotropes of carbon. This book covers fundamental groundwork of the structure, property, characterization methods and applications of graphene, along with providing the necessary knowledge of graphene’s atomic structure, how it relates to its band-structure and how this in turn leads to the amazing properties of graphene. And so it provides new graduate students and post-docs with a resource that equips them with the knowledge to undertake their research. Discusses graphene’s fundamental structure and properties, acting as a time-saving handbook for validated research Demonstrates 100+ high-quality graphical representations, providing the reader with clear images to convey complex situations Reviews characterization techniques relevant to grapheme, equipping the reader with experimental knowledge relevant for practical use rather than just theoretical understanding

Graphene and Its Fascinating Attributes

Author: Swapan K. Pati
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814329355
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Graphene, a single sheet of graphite, has an unconventional electronic structure that can be described in terms of massless Dirac Fermions. This book presents the frontiers of graphene research ranging from important issues in condensed matter physics and chemistry to advanced device applications.

Handbook of Spin Transport and Magnetism

Author: Evgeny Y. Tsymbal
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439803781
Format: PDF, ePub
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In the past several decades, the research on spin transport and magnetism has led to remarkable scientific and technological breakthroughs, including Albert Fert and Peter Grünberg’s Nobel Prize-winning discovery of giant magnetoresistance (GMR) in magnetic metallic multilayers. Handbook of Spin Transport and Magnetism provides a comprehensive, balanced account of the state of the art in the field known as spin electronics or spintronics. It reveals how key phenomena first discovered in one class of materials, such as spin injection in metals, have been revisited decades later in other materials systems, including silicon, organic semiconductors, carbon nanotubes, graphene, and carefully engineered nanostructures. The first section of the book offers a historical and personal perspective of the field written by Nobel Prize laureate Albert Fert. The second section addresses physical phenomena, such as GMR, in hybrid structures of ferromagnetic and normal metals. The third section discusses recent developments in spin-dependent tunneling, including magnetic tunnel junctions with ferroelectric barriers. In the fourth section, the contributors look at how to control spin and magnetism in semiconductors. In the fifth section, they examine phenomena typically found in nanostructures made from metals, superconductors, molecular magnets, carbon nanotubes, quantum dots, and graphene. The final section covers novel spin-based applications, including advanced magnetic sensors, nonvolatile magnetoresistive random access memory, and semiconductor spin-lasers. The techniques and materials of spintronics have rapidly evolved in recent years, leading to vast improvements in hard drive storage and magnetic sensing. With extensive cross-references between chapters, this seminal handbook provides a complete guide to spin transport and magnetism across various classes of materials and structures.

Graphene

Author: Mikhail I. Katsnelson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521195403
Format: PDF, Mobi
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An important introduction to graphene, its physics and potentially significant applications, for graduate students, physicists and materials science researchers.

2D Materials

Author: Phaedon Avouris
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316738132
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Learn about the most recent advances in 2D materials with this comprehensive and accessible text. Providing all the necessary materials science and physics background, leading experts discuss the fundamental properties of a wide range of 2D materials, and their potential applications in electronic, optoelectronic and photonic devices. Several important classes of materials are covered, from more established ones such as graphene, hexagonal boron nitride, and transition metal dichalcogenides, to new and emerging materials such as black phosphorus, silicene, and germanene. Readers will gain an in-depth understanding of the electronic structure and optical, thermal, mechanical, vibrational, spin and plasmonic properties of each material, as well as the different techniques that can be used for their synthesis. Presenting a unified perspective on 2D materials, this is an excellent resource for graduate students, researchers and practitioners working in nanotechnology, nanoelectronics, nanophotonics, condensed matter physics, and chemistry.

Carbon Nanotubes and Graphene

Author: Kazuyoshi Tanaka
Publisher: Newnes
ISBN: 0080982689
Format: PDF, Docs
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Carbon Nanotubes and Graphene is a timely second edition of the original Science and Technology of Carbon Nanotubes. Updated to include expanded coverage of the preparation, purification, structural characterization, and common application areas of single- and multi-walled CNT structures, this work compares, contrasts, and, where appropriate, unitizes CNT to graphene. This much expanded second edition reference supports knowledge discovery, production of impactful carbon research, encourages transition between research fields, and aids the formation of emergent applications. New chapters encompass recent developments in the theoretical treatments of electronic and vibrational structures, and magnetic, optical, and electrical solid-state properties, providing a vital base to research. Current and potential applications of both materials, including the prospect for large-scale synthesis of graphene, biological structures, and flexible electronics, are also critically discussed. Updated discussion of properties, structure, and morphology of biological and flexible electronic applications aids fundamental knowledge discovery Innovative parallel focus on nanotubes and graphene enables you to learn from the successes and failures of, respectively, mature and emergent partner research disciplines High-quality figures and tables on physical and mathematical applications expertly summarize key information – essential if you need quick, critically relevant data

New Fluorinated Carbons Fundamentals and Applications

Author: Olga V. Boltalina
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128035021
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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New Fluorinated Carbons: Fundamentals and Applications is the second volume in Alain Tressaud’s Progress in Fluorine Science series. This volume provides an overview of cutting-edge research and emerging applications using new fluorinated carbon materials such as fullerenes, carbon nanotubes, polycyclic aromatic molecules, carbon nanofibers, and graphenes. Edited by recognized experts Olga Boltalina and Tsuyoshi Nakajima, this book includes valuable chapters on syntheses, structure analyses, and chemical and physical properties of fluorinated carbons written by leaders in each respective field. The work also explores the diverse practical applications of these functional materials—from energy storage and energy conversion devices to molecular electronics and lubricants. Features contributions by leading experts in the field Includes fundamental and current research on synthesis, chemical, and physical properties of fluorinated carbons Explores practical applications in energy, electronics, and lubricants Examines a range of new fluorinated carbon materials

Two Dimensional Carbon

Author: Wu Yihong
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9814411957
Format: PDF, ePub
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After a brief introduction to the fundamental properties of graphene, this book focuses on synthesis, characterization and application of various types of two-dimensional (2D) nanocarbons ranging from single/few layer graphene to carbon nanowalls and graphene oxides. Three major synthesis techniques are covered: epitaxial growth of graphene on SiC, chemical synthesis of graphene on metal, and chemical vapor deposition of vertically aligned carbon nanosheets or nanowalls. One chapter is dedicated to characterization of 2D nanocarbon using Raman spectroscopy. It provides extensive coverage for applications of 2D carbon in energy storage including supercapacitor, lithium ion battery and fuel cells.