Groundwater Modeling Using Geographical Information Systems

Author: George F. Pinder
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780471275534
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Cutting-edge techniques for groundwater modeling using GIStechnology Groundwater Modeling Using Geographical InformationSystems covers fundamental information on flow and masstransport modeling and demonstrates how GIS technology makes thesemodels and analyses more accurate than ever before. GIS technology allows for swift organization, quantification,and interpretation of large quantities of geohydrological data withcomputer accuracy and minimal risk of human error. This book'scompanion Web site provides the Princeton Transport Code, as wellas the plug-in extensions required to interface this code with theArgus ONE numerical environment software enclosed with this book.Plug-in extensions for MODFLOW and MT3D computer codes can be foundat the Argus ONE Web site (www.argusint.com). The process for usingthe Geographic Modeling Approach (GMA) to model groundwater flowand transport is demonstrated step by step with a field examplefrom Tucson, Arizona. The GMA is composed of the Argus ONEGeographic Information Modeling system and the Princeton TransportCode groundwater flow and transport model, interfaced through theplug-in extension available on Argus ONE. Enhanced with more than 150 illustrations and screen captures,Groundwater Modeling Using Geographical InformationSystems is a fundamental book for civil engineers,hydrologists, environmental engineers, geologists, and students inthese fields, as well as software engineers working on GISapplications and environmental attorneys and regulators. When usedin combination with the free modeling software, this book providesan excellent student text.

Geographical Information Systems in Hydrology

Author: V.P. Singh
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401587450
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The last few years have witnessed an enormous interest in application of GIS in hydrology and water resources. This is partly evidenced by organization of sev eral national and international symposia or conferences under the sponsorship of various professional organizations. This increased interest is, in a large measure, in response to growing public sensitivity to environmental quality and management. The GIS technology has the ability to capture, store, manipulate, analyze, and visualize the diverse sets of geo-referenced data. On the other hand, hydrology is inherently spatial and distributed hydrologic models have large data requirements. The integration of hydrology and GIS is therefore quite natural. The integration involves three major components: (1) spatial data construction, (2) integration of spatial model layers, and (3) GIS and model interface. GIS can assist in design, calibration, modification and comparison of models. This integration is spreading worldwide and is expected to accelerate in the foreseeable future. Substantial op portunities exist in integration of GIS and hydrology. We believe there are enough challenges in use of GIS for conceptualizing and modeling complex hydrologic processes and for globalization of hydrology. The motivation for this book grew out of the desire to provide under one cover a range of applications of GIS tech nology in hydrology. It is hoped that the book will stimulate others to write more comprehensive texts on this subject of growing importance.

The Handbook of Groundwater Engineering Second Edition

Author: Jacques W. Delleur
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420006002
Format: PDF
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A complete treatment of the theory and practice of groundwater engineering, The Handbook of Groundwater Engineering, Second Edition provides a current and detailed review of how to model the flow of water and the transport of contaminants both in the unsaturated and saturated zones, covers the production of groundwater and the remediation of contaminated groundwater.

The Handbook of Groundwater Engineering Third Edition

Author: John H. Cushman
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1315354535
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This new edition adds several new chapters and is thoroughly updated to include data on new topics such as hydraulic fracturing, CO2 sequestration, sustainable groundwater management, and more. Providing a complete treatment of the theory and practice of groundwater engineering, this new handbook also presents a current and detailed review of how to model the flow of water and the transport of contaminants both in the unsaturated and saturated zones, covers the protection of groundwater, and the remediation of contaminated groundwater.

Application of Remote Sensing and GIS for Groundwater Zone Mapping

Author: Sisay Libasse Bayafers
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783639218527
Format: PDF, Docs
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Groundwater Modelling: Integrated approach with remote sensing, Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and more traditional fieldwork techniques was adopted to map the groundwater potential sites Northern Adaa Plain (Modjo Catchment).Seven thematic maps was produced. GIS analysis was conducted and reclassification was done for each factor maps. Weighted Linear Combination (WLe model was built and used to generate groundwater potential map. The validity of the model developed was tested against the borehole data, where out of 107 boreholes 50 are on very good and good zones, 37 on moderate zones, 14 on fair and 6 on poor zones. Moreover out of 52 bore holes with discharge rate from 24 l/s to 69 l/s are on the very good and good zones, which reflect the actual ground water potential. Although some wells exist in all ground water potential zones, the best yielding wells lie in the very good and good ground water prospect zone. The results demonstrate that the integration of remote sensing, GIS, traditional fieldwork, and geomorphology provide a powerful tool in the assessment and management of water resources and development of groundwater exploration plans.

Geographic Information Systems in Water Resources Engineering

Author: Lynn E. Johnson
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420069143
Format: PDF
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State-of-the-art GIS spatial data management and analysis tools are revolutionizing the field of water resource engineering. Familiarity with these technologies is now a prerequisite for success in engineers’ and planners’ efforts to create a reliable infrastructure. GIS in Water Resource Engineering presents a review of the concepts and applications of GIS in the various sub-fields of water resource engineering. After a summary review of analyses and database functions, the book addresses concepts and applications in the following areas: Surface Water Hydrology Groundwater Hydrology Water Supply and Irrigation systems Wastewater and Stormwater Systems Floodplain Management Water Quality Water Resource Monitoring and Forecasting River Basin Planning and Management The book develops a general understanding of the nature of GIS and how it is used to create and analyze geographic data. The author first introduces primary field data collection methods and describes procedures for interpretation and analysis. The second portion of the book focuses on the linkage of GIS data with water resource analysis and management models. Applications are presented with descriptions of GIS database development, analysis background theory, and model integration with GIS. The profound impact of GIS systems on water resources engineering continues to grow. GIS in Water Resource Engineering arms engineers and planners with an arsenal of tools to assist in the creation of a reliable, environmentally sensitive, infrastructure.

GIS and Environmental Modeling

Author: Michael F. Goodchild
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470236772
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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GIS and Environmental Modeling: Progress and Research Issues Michael F. Goodchild, Louis T. Steyaert, Bradley O. Parks, Carol Johnston, David Maidment, Michael Crane, and Sandi Glendinning, Editors With growing pressure on natural resources and landscapes there is an increasing need to predict the consequences of any changes to the environment. Modelling plays an important role in this by helping our understanding of the environment and by forecasting likely impacts. In recent years moves have been made to link models to Geographical Information Systems to provide a means of analysing changes over an area as well as over time. GIS and Environmental Modeling explores the progress made to date in integrating these two software systems. Approaches to the subject are made from theoretical, technical as well as data stand points. The existing capabilities of current systems are described along with important issues of data availability, accuracy and error. Various case studies illustrate this and highlight the common concepts and issues that exist between researchers in different environmental fields. The future needs and prospects for integrating GIS and environmental models are also explored with developments in both data handling and modelling discussed. The book brings together the knowledge and experience of over 100 researchers from academic, commercial and government backgrounds who work in a wide range of disciplines. The themes followed in the text provide a fund of knowledge and guidance for those involved in environmental modelling and GIS. The book is easily accessible for readers with a basic GIS knowledge and the ideas and results of the research are clearly illustrated with both colour and black and white graphics.