Handbook of Firearms and Ballistics

Author: Brian J. Heard
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119964776
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
The updated second edition of Handbook of Firearms and Ballistics includes recent developed analytical techniques and methodologies with a more comprehensive glossary, additional material, and new case studies. With a new chapter on the determination of bullet caliber via x-ray photography, this edition includes revised material on muzzle attachments, proof marks, non-toxic bullets, and gunshot residues. Essential reading for forensic scientists, firearms examiners, defense and prosecution practitioners, the judiciary, and police force, this book is also a helpful reference guide for undergraduate and graduate forensic science students.

Firearms the Law and Forensic Ballistics Third Edition

Author: Tom Warlow
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439818282
Format: PDF
Download Now
While gun design has undergone only minimal change over the centuries, investigative tools surrounding firearm use have grown significantly in sophistication. Now in its third edition, Firearms, the Law, and Forensic Ballistics has been updated to reflect recently published research and new technology developed since the last volume. Beginning with a discussion of the development of arms and ammunition from the fourteenth century to the present day, this book examines: Firearms laws around the world, including legal challenges raised in the U.S. by the Daubert decision Firearms manufacturing processes, the mechanisms of various firearms, and the linking of a particular bullet or spent cartridge with a suspected weapon The origins and development of new science in firearms, including controversies, pioneers, and an exposé of the "quack" purveyors of pseudo-science Internal, external, and terminal (wound) ballistics The nature, composition, and analytical detection of discharge residue left on a suspect The role of the ballistics expert at all stages of a case, ranging from the scene of the shooting incident, the post mortem examinations, the examination and testing of exhibits at the laboratory, and the presentation of evidence in court Recently introduced computer search techniques applied to captured and digitally stored images of marks left on fired bullets and spent cartridge cases Manual microscopic comparison work and computer-based searches on digital images of bullet and cartridge case marks to determine if a particular weapon has been fired in previous cases Written by an expert with more than 50 years of experience using and handling firearms, this text is enhanced with nearly 250 illustrations, making it a premier guide to the fundamentals of firearms and related evidentiary considerations.

Forensic Ballistics in Court

Author: Brian J. Heard
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119962684
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
Forensic Ballistics in Court: Interpretation and Presentation of Firearms Evidence is an accessible introduction to firearms and ballistics evidence and how this is analysed and presented as evidence in a court of law. The book contains little or no coverage of the history and development of weapons, ammunition and forensic technologies but rather approaches the subject in terms of the realities of case work. Opening with a clear explanation of the correct nomenclature for various weapon types and their parts, illustrations help to clarify the names of the various components of these weapons. Ammunition is also extensively covered, again with annotated illustrations. Basic external and terminal ballistics, wounding capabilities are likewise covered to give an overview of the subject. The book is not intended to provide a detailed examination of all aspects of firearms and ballistics and should the reader need more detail on the subject reference is made to 'The Handbook of Firearms and Ballistics' also authored by Brian Heard. A key aspect of the book covers the theory and philosophy behind striation matches and the associated statistics, how positive matches should be peer reviewed and the importance accreditation has on this subject. Gunshot residue formation and identification and the various methods used in its analysis are reviewed in depth. This includes a critical examination of the pros and cons of each type of examination and the evidential weight which can be applied to each method. This type of analysis, due to the extremely small particles involved, is very susceptible to contamination, both environmental and cross contamination from police officers or other investigating agencies e.g. during exhibit photography or the taking of fingerprints. As the main thrust of the book is directed towards the interpretation and assessment of the weight of evidence presented at court this will take up the major portion of the book. There will be considerable reliance on case work that the author has dealt with over the past 40 years to illustrate the various pitfalls of placing too much reliance on the face value of the various types of evidence. The majority of evidence presented at court can be interpreted in various ways and each and every one should be explored before deciding which is the more viable. Key Differences between the proposed book and the Handbook for Firearms and Ballistics: History of firearms, ammunition, propellant and primer will not be included in this book- this is covered in detail in the Handbook. Information on internal and external ballistics and headstamps will not be covered as in the Handbook. Instead there will be large sections to assist the lawyer when interpreting such evidence. Some of these areas follow: Evidence from crime scene investigations, Ricochet analysis, The results of stria comparisons submitted by the forensic expert, Range of fire estimations, A weapons potential for accidental discharge Identification of bullet entry/exit holes. Missile penetration potential The 'lethality' of a weapon/ammunition combination Determination of when the weapon was last fired Examination as to the viability of ammunition Determining the age and origin of ammunition Whether recovered cartridge cases were from blank or live ammunition Determining the age of a weapon (i.e. can it be considered to be an antique) Lethality of air, gas and spring guns Convertability of toy, replica and blank firing weapons into firearms The importance of witness and accused statements and their interpretation in relation to the investigation under review will also be examined. This is not covered in the Handbook of Firearms and Ballistics.

Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States

Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309142393
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
Scores of talented and dedicated people serve the forensic science community, performing vitally important work. However, they are often constrained by lack of adequate resources, sound policies, and national support. It is clear that change and advancements, both systematic and scientific, are needed in a number of forensic science disciplines to ensure the reliability of work, establish enforceable standards, and promote best practices with consistent application. Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States: A Path Forward provides a detailed plan for addressing these needs and suggests the creation of a new government entity, the National Institute of Forensic Science, to establish and enforce standards within the forensic science community. The benefits of improving and regulating the forensic science disciplines are clear: assisting law enforcement officials, enhancing homeland security, and reducing the risk of wrongful conviction and exoneration. Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States gives a full account of what is needed to advance the forensic science disciplines, including upgrading of systems and organizational structures, better training, widespread adoption of uniform and enforceable best practices, and mandatory certification and accreditation programs. While this book provides an essential call-to-action for congress and policy makers, it also serves as a vital tool for law enforcement agencies, criminal prosecutors and attorneys, and forensic science educators.

Encyclopedia of Forensic Sciences

Author:
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0123821665
Format: PDF, Mobi
Download Now
Forensic science includes all aspects of investigating a crime, including: chemistry, biology and physics, and also incorporates countless other specialties. Today, the service offered under the guise of "forensic science’ includes specialties from virtually all aspects of modern science, medicine, engineering, mathematics and technology. The Encyclopedia of Forensic Sciences, Second Edition is a reference source that will inform both the crime scene worker and the laboratory worker of each other’s protocols, procedures and limitations. Written by leading scientists in each area, every article is peer reviewed to establish clarity, accuracy, and comprehensiveness. As reflected in the specialties of its Editorial Board, the contents covers the core theories, methods and techniques employed by forensic scientists – and applications of these that are used in forensic analysis. This 4-volume set represents a 30% growth in articles from the first edition, with a particular increase in coverage of DNA and digital forensics Includes an international collection of contributors The second edition features a new 21-member editorial board, half of which are internationally based Includes over 300 articles, approximately 10pp on average Each article features a) suggested readings which point readers to additional sources for more information, b) a list of related Web sites, c) a 5-10 word glossary and definition paragraph, and d) cross-references to related articles in the encyclopedia Available online via SciVerse ScienceDirect. Please visit www.info.sciencedirect.com for more information This new edition continues the reputation of the first edition, which was awarded an Honorable Mention in the prestigious Dartmouth Medal competition for 2001. This award honors the creation of reference works of outstanding quality and significance, and is sponsored by the RUSA Committee of the American Library Association

Hidden Evidence

Author: David Owen
Publisher: Firefly Books
ISBN: 9781552094839
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
Looks at the role of forensic science in criminal investigations and examines forty high-profile cases and the diverse technologies used to solve them, including fingerprinting, handwriting analysis, DNA testing, and toxicology. Simultaneous.

Forensic Science Fundamentals and Investigations

Author: Anthony J. Bertino
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 1305077113
Format: PDF
Download Now
With today's popular television programs about criminal justice and crime scene investigation and the surge of detective movies and books, students often have a passion for exploring forensic science. Now you can guide that excitement into a profitable learning experience with the help of the innovative, new FORENSIC SCIENCE: FUNDAMENTALS AND INVESTIGATIONS, 2E. This dynamic, visually powerful text has been carefully crafted to ensure solid scientific content and an approach that delivers precisely what you need for your high school course. Now an established best-seller, FORENSIC SCIENCE: FUNDAMENTALS AND INVESTIGATIONS, 2E offers a truly experiential approach that engages students in active learning and emphasizes the application of integrated science in your course. Student materials combine math, chemistry, biology, physics, and earth science with content aligned to the National Science Education Standards, clearly identified by icons. This book balances extensive scientific concepts with hands-on classroom and lab activities, readings, intriguing case studies, and chapter-opening scenarios. The book's exclusive Gale Forensic Science eCollectionTM database provides instant access to hundreds of journals and Internet resources that spark the interest of today's high school students. The new edition includes one new chapter on entomology and new capstone projects that integrate the concepts learned throughout the text. Comprehensive, time-saving teacher support and lab activities deliver exactly what you need to ensure that students receive a solid, integrated science education that keeps readers at all learning levels enthused about science. FORENSIC SCIENCE: FUNDAMENTALS AND INVESTIGATIONS, 2E sets the standard in high school forensic science . . . case closed. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

The Forensic Laboratory Handbook

Author: Ashraf Mozayani
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 159259946X
Format: PDF, Mobi
Download Now
A comprehensive and easy-to-read introduction to the work of the modern forensic laboratory. The authors explain in simple language the capabilities and limitations of modern forensic laboratory procedures, techniques, analyses, and interpretations. Here, the interested reader will find an understandable and fascinating introduction to the complex worlds of forensic serology DNA, chemistry, crime reconstruction, digital evidence, explosives, arson, fingerprints, firearms, tool marks, odontology, and pathology. Additional chapters address the problems of assuring quality and seeking trace evidence in the forensic laboratory.

Encyclopedia of Forensic and Legal Medicine

Author:
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128000554
Format: PDF, Mobi
Download Now
Encyclopedia of Forensic and Legal Medicine, Volumes 1-4, Second Edition is a pioneering four volume encyclopedia compiled by an international team of forensic specialists who explore the relationship between law, medicine, and science in the study of forensics. This important work includes over three hundred state-of-the-art chapters, with articles covering crime-solving techniques such as autopsies, ballistics, fingerprinting, hair and fiber analysis, and the sophisticated procedures associated with terrorism investigations, forensic chemistry, DNA, and immunoassays. Available online, and in four printed volumes, the encyclopedia is an essential reference for any practitioner in a forensic, medical, healthcare, legal, judicial, or investigative field looking for easily accessible and authoritative overviews on a wide range of topics. Chapters have been arranged in alphabetical order, and are written in a clear-and-concise manner, with definitions provided in the case of obscure terms and information supplemented with pictures, tables, and diagrams. Each topic includes cross-referencing to related articles and case studies where further explanation is required, along with references to external sources for further reading. Brings together all appropriate aspects of forensic medicine and legal medicine Contains color figures, sample forms, and other materials that the reader can adapt for their own practice Also available in an on-line version which provides numerous additional reference and research tools, additional multimedia, and powerful search functions Each topic includes cross-referencing to related articles and case studies where further explanation is required, along with references to external sources for further reading

Gunshot Wounds

Author: Vincent J.M. DiMaio, M.D.
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1498725708
Format: PDF
Download Now
Written by the nation's foremost authority on gunshot wounds and forensic techniques as they relate to firearm injuries, this third edition of a bestseller provides critical updates to information on gunshot wounds and the weapons and ammunition used to inflict them. The book describes practical aspects of ballistics, wound ballistics, and the classification of various wounds caused by handguns, rifles, and shotguns. It also explains autopsy techniques and procedures and laboratory analyses relating to weapons and gunshot evidence. A much-needed update after nearly 20 years, the third edition of Gunshot Wounds provides the latest and most thorough information on firearms and best practices for examining firearm-related wounds.