Handbook of Fourier Transform Raman and Infrared Spectra of Polymers

Author: A.H. Kuptsov
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080531946
Format: PDF
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A collection of infrared and Raman spectra of 500 natural and synthetic polymers of industrial importance is presented in this book. A large variety of compounds are included, starting with linear polyolefins and finishing with complex biopolymers and related compounds. The spectra were registered using Infrared Fourier Transform Spectrometers in the laboratory of the All-Russia Institute of Forensic Sciences. The IR and Raman spectra are presented together on the same sheet. The accompanying data include general and structure formulae, CAS register numbers, and sample preparation conditions. Features of this book: • Continues the long tradition of publishing specific and standard data of new chemical compounds. • For low-molecular weight substances, complementary IR and Raman spectra are featured on the same sample and printed on the same page. This "fingerprint" data allows the substance of the sample to be identified without doubt. • An important feature of this unique collection of data is the increase in the identification precision of unknown substances. • Peak tables are available in digital (ASCII) format, on a diskette delivered with the book. This allows the user to search for unknowns. • All the spectra in the collection are base-line corrected. This book will be of interest to scientists involved in the synthesis of new polymeric materials, polymer identification, and quality control. Libraries of scientific institutes, research centers, and universities involved in vibrational spectroscopy will also find this collection invaluable.

Author: Герман Жижин
Publisher: Litres
ISBN: 5457737284
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Книга содержит расширенную уникальную коллекцию комплементарных колебательных спектров 611 полимеров (органические, биоорганические, элемент-органические и неорганические), ряда мономеров и сопутствующих веществ. Впервые в мировой литературе данная коллекция из 500 спектров КРС (комбинационного рассеяния света), усиленных комплементарными (инфракрасными) ИК-спектрами, увидела свет в 1998 году в «Эльзевир Сайенс». Спектры КРС- и ИК-поглощения взаимно дополняют друг друга: в первых дают вклад преимущественно симметричные неполярные связи макромолекул, во вторых – полярные. Каждый из спектров в отдельности дает информацию, позволяющую идентифицировать индивидуальные полимеры, получать информацию о нативной структуре и составе материала. Но только совместное применение методов дает синергический эффект в понимании особенностей их пространственной структуры и локальных точечных групп симметрии.В заглавии книги они названы Фурье-спектрами потому, что и те и другие получены на Фурье-спектрометрах. Для обоих спектров созданы условия равноточной регистрации на одних и тех же образцах, на аппаратуре одной лаборатории в цифровой форме. Справочник по существу является базой данных, поиск нужной информации в которой облегчают имеющиеся четыре указателя, предложенная классификация полимеров, а также связь с другими базами через CAS-нумерацию. Графическим и табличным данным предшествует вводный раздел, объясняющий физическую природу комбинационного рассеяния и инфракрасного поглощения, корреляцию «спектр-структура», лежащую в основе многочисленных успешных применений оптической колебательной спектроскопии. Там же приведены условия приготовления образцов, данные экспериментов и многочисленные (77) ссылки на оригинальные работы по Фурье-спектроскопии комбинационного рассеяния света полимерами и на справочные издания, недостатки которых (преобладающее присутствие спектров ИК-поглощения, без спектров КРС) исправляются этим справочником.Для ученых химического, нефтехимического, физического, биохимического и биофизического профиля, для сотрудников промышленных лабораторий и производств полимерных изделий, пленок, волокон и композитов.

High Performance Elastomer Materials

Author: Dariusz M. Bielinski
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1771880422
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book presents selected papers on various aspects of rubber engineering, technology, and exploitation. The contributions range from new methods of the modification of filler surface and crosslinks structure of rubber vulcanizates, through modern functional elastomer composites, to aspects of their thermal stability, flammability, and ozone degradation. Each chapter contains a brief introduction to a particular topic, a description of the experimental techniques, and a discussion on the results obtained, followed by conclusions. The book will help to broaden the knowledge of researchers in the field of rubber compounding, crosslinking, and behavior under various exploitation conditions. The research and development presented in this book has potential for industrial applications as well as for new materials and technologies. The book also details theoretical background to a number of experimental techniques, which should make it interesting to research students and professionals.

Handbook of Natural Fibres

Author: Ryszard M Kozłowski
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857095501
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Growing awareness of environmental issues has led to increasing demand for goods produced from natural products, including natural fibres. The two-volume Handbook of natural fibres is an indispensible tool in understanding the diverse properties and applications of these important materials. Volume 1: Types, properties and factors affecting breeding and cultivation is an essential guide to a wide range of natural fibres, and highlights key techniques for their improvement. Part one reviews key types and fundamental properties of natural textile fibres. The production, identification and testing of a range of cotton, bast, silk and wool fibres are discussed, alongside bioengineered natural textile fibres. Part two goes on to explore the improvement of natural fibre properties and production through breeding and cultivation, beginning with a discussion of fibrous flax and cotton. Improved natural fibre production through the prevention of fungal growth is explored, along with the use of genetic engineering and biotechnology to enhance desirable characteristics. Finally, the wider impact of natural textile production is discussed, using wild silk enterprise programs as an example. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, the two volumes of the Handbook of natural fibres are essential texts for professionals and academics in textile science and technology. Provides an essential guide to a wide range of natural fibres and highlights key techniques for their improvement Reviews key types and fundamental properties of natural textile fibres, addressing the production, identification and testing of a range of cotton, bast, silk and wool fibres Explores the improvement of natural fibre properties and production through breeding and cultivation, beginning with a discussion of fibrous flax and cotton

The Handbook of Organic Compounds Three Volume Set

Author: Jerry Workman, Jr.
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080533655
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The Handbook of Organic Compounds: NIR, IR, Raman, and UV-Vis Spectra Featuring Polymers and Surfactants represents a compendium of practical spectroscopic methodology, comprehensive reviews, and basic information for organic materials, surfactants, and polymer spectra covering the Ultraviolet, Visible, Near Infrared, Infrared, Raman and Dielectric measurement techniques. This set represents a complementary organic compound handbook to the Nyquist inorganic handbook, published in 1996. This set comprises the first comprehensive multi-volume handbook to provide basic coverage for UV-Vis, 4th overtone NIR, 3rd overtone NIR, NIR, Infrared, Raman spectra, and Dielectric data for common organic compounds, polymers, surfactants, contaminants, and inorganic materials commonly encountered in the laboratory. The text includes a description and reviews of interpretive and chemometric techniques used for spectral data analysis. The spectra included within the atlas are useful for identification purposes as well as pedagogical for the instruction of the various interpretive and data processing methods discussed. This work is designed to be of help to students and vibrational spectroscopists in their efforts of daily spectral interpretation and data processing of organic spectra, polymers, and surfactants. All spectra are presented in wavenumber and transmittance, with the addition of ultraviolet, visible, 4th overtone NIR, 3rd overtone NIR, and NIR spectra also represented in nanometers and absorbance space. In addition, some Horizontal infrared ATR spectra are presented in wavenumber and absorbance space. All spectra are shown with essential peaks labeled in their respective units. The material in this handbook was contributed to by several individuals, and comments were received from a variety of prominent workers in the field of molecular spectroscopy. This type of handbook project is a daunting task. This Handbook can provide a valuable reference for the daily activities of students and professionals working in modern molecular spectroscopy laboratories. * Indices for UV-Vis, fourth overtone NIR, third overtone NIR, NIR, IR, raman, and dielectric spectra * Unique detailed correlation charts for each of these spectral regions * Indices of spectra by alphabetical order, chemical class, and chemical formula * Cross referencing of common compounds for all spectral regions * Literature reviews of historical and most useful references in the field * Research oriented for those using molecular spectroscopy on a routine basis for interpretation, qualitative and quantitative analysis * An emphasis on near infrared and infrared spectral regions