Handbook of Hydrothermal Technology

Author: K. Byrappa
Publisher: William Andrew
ISBN: 1437778364
Format: PDF, Docs
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Quartz, zeolites, gemstones, perovskite type oxides, ferrite, carbon allotropes, complex coordinated compounds and many more -- all products now being produced using hydrothermal technology. Handbook of Hydrothermal Technology brings together the latest techniques in this rapidly advancing field in one exceptionally useful, long-needed volume. The handbook provides a single source for understanding how aqueous solvents or mineralizers work under temperature and pressure to dissolve and recrystallize normally insoluble materials, and decompose or recycle any waste material. The result, as the authors show in the book, is technologically the most efficient method in crystal growth, materials processing, and waste treatment. The book gives scientists and technologists an overview of the entire subject including: À Evolution of the technology from geology to widespread industrial use. À Descriptions of equipment used in the process and how it works. À Problems involved with the growth of crystals, processing of technological materials, environmental and safety issues. À Analysis of the direction of today's technology. In addition, readers get a close look at the hydrothermal synthesis of zeolites, fluorides, sulfides, tungstates, and molybdates, as well as native elements and simple oxides. Delving into the commercial production of various types, the authors clarify the effects of temperature, pressure, solvents, and various other chemical components on the hydrothermal processes. Gives an overview of the evolution of Hydrothermal Technology from geology to widespread industrial use Describes the equipment used in the process and how it works Discusses problems involved with the growth of crystals, processing of technological materials, and environmental and safety issues

Adhesives Technology for Electronic Applications

Author: James J. Licari
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0815516002
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book is unique in its comprehensive coverage of all aspects of adhesive technology for microelectronic devices and packaging, from theory to bonding to test procedures. In addition to general applications, such as dies, substrate, and lid and chip stack attachments, the book includes new developments in anisotropic, electrically conductive, and underfill adhesives. Rapid curing methods such as UV, microwave, and moisture (which comply with current environmental and energy requirements) are covered. Over 80 tables and 120 figures provide a wealth of data on properties, performance, and reliability. Also included are examples of commercially available adhesives, suppliers, and equipment. Each chapter provides comprehensive references.

Biological and Biomedical Coatings Handbook

Author: Sam Zhang
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781439849972
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Written in a versatile, contemporary style that will benefit both novice and expert alike, Biological and Biomedical Coatings Handbook, Two-Volume Set covers the state of the art in the development and implementation of advanced thin films and coatings in the biological field. Consisting of two volumes—Processing and Characterization and Applications—this handbook details the latest understanding of advances in the design and performance of biological and biomedical coatings, covering a vast array of material types, including bio-ceramics, polymers, glass, chitosan, and nanomaterials. Contributors delve into a wide range of novel techniques used in the manufacture and testing of clinical applications for coatings in the medical field, particularly in the emerging area of regenerative medicine. Building on the theoretical and methodological fundamentals of coatings as presented in the first volume, Applications covers: Biological/biomedical implants and other applications of carbon-based materials Control of drug release from coatings MIcrofluidic and biosensing/bioactive coatings and applications Surfaces and coatings of orthopedic, dental, and other implants Sol–gel-derived hydroxyapatite coatings on metallic implants Impedance spectroscopy With chapters authored by world experts at the forefront of research in their respective areas, this timely set provides searing insights and practical information to explore a subject that is fundamental to the success of biotechnological pursuits.

Hand Book of Plastic Materials and Processing Technology

Author: Engineers India Research Institute
Publisher: Engineers India Research In
ISBN: 9788189765262
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book covers various methods including Introduction of Plastic Materials, Polyethylene, Linear Low Density Polyethylene (LLDPE), Polypropylene, Copolymers of Ethylene, Polystyrene Acrylic Plastics, Poly (Methyl Methacrylate), Acrylic Fibres, Poly (Vinyl Acetate), Poly (Vinyl Chloride), Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE), Coumarone-Indene Resins, Polyacetals and Polyethers (Acetal Resins), Polyamides, Polyimides, Polyester, Polyurethanes, Polycarbonates, Epoxy Resins, Cellulose Plastics, Phenolic R esins, Amino Resins, Silicones Additives for Plastics, Polybutylene Terephthalate, Polyethersulphone, Nylon, Polyvinylidene Fluoride, Polyphenylene Sulphide, Rubber Reinforced Polypropylene, Thermoplastic Polyetherester, Fibre Reinforced Thermoplastics, Polyurethane Plastics, Speciality Thermoplastics, Styrene Plastics, Polyolefin Plastics, Plastic Processing Technology, Amino Acid by Protein Hydrolysis, Epoxy Resin/Powder, Household Plastic Products, Nylon Granules from Nylon Waste, Poly Vinyl Acetate Emulsion, Phenolic Resin, Polyol from Propylene Oxide, Unsaturated Polyester Resin etc.

Handbook of Advanced Ceramics

Author: Shigeyuki Somiya
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0080532942
Format: PDF, Docs
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A two-volume reference set for all ceramicists, both in research and working in industry The only definitive reference covering the entire field of advanced ceramics from fundamental science and processing to application Contributions from over 50 leading researchers from around the world This new Handbook will be an essential resource for ceramicists. It includes contributions from leading researchers around the world, and includes sections on: Basic Science of Advanced Ceramic, Functional Ceramics (electro-ceramics and optoelectro-ceramics) and engineering ceramics. Contributions from over 50 leading researchers from around the world

Springer Handbook of Crystal Growth

Author: Govindhan Dhanaraj
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540747611
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Over the years, many successful attempts have been chapters in this part describe the well-known processes made to describe the art and science of crystal growth, such as Czochralski, Kyropoulos, Bridgman, and o- and many review articles, monographs, symposium v- ing zone, and focus speci cally on recent advances in umes, and handbooks have been published to present improving these methodologies such as application of comprehensive reviews of the advances made in this magnetic elds, orientation of the growth axis, intro- eld. These publications are testament to the grow- duction of a pedestal, and shaped growth. They also ing interest in both bulk and thin- lm crystals because cover a wide range of materials from silicon and III–V of their electronic, optical, mechanical, microstructural, compounds to oxides and uorides. and other properties, and their diverse scienti c and The third part, Part C of the book, focuses on - technological applications. Indeed, most modern ad- lution growth. The various aspects of hydrothermal vances in semiconductor and optical devices would growth are discussed in two chapters, while three other not have been possible without the development of chapters present an overview of the nonlinear and laser many elemental, binary, ternary, and other compound crystals, KTP and KDP. The knowledge on the effect of crystals of varying properties and large sizes. The gravity on solution growth is presented through a c- literature devoted to basic understanding of growth parison of growth on Earth versus in a microgravity mechanisms, defect formation, and growth processes environment.

Hydrothermal Processing in Biorefineries

Author: Héctor A. Ruiz
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319564579
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The biorefinery, integration of processes and technologies for biomass conversion, demands efficient utilization of all components. Hydrothermal processing is a potential clean technology to convert raw materials such as lignocellulosic and aquatic biomass into bioenergy and high added-value compounds. This book aims to show fundamental concepts and key technological developments that enabled industrial application of hydrothermal processing. The scope of this book is primarily for scientists working in the biorefinery field as well as engineers from industry and potential investors in biofuels. Therefore, the information in this book will provide an overview of this technology applied to lignocellulosic materials and aquatic biomass, and especially new knowledge. Critically, this book brings together experts in the application of hydrothermal processes on lignocellulosic and aquatic biomass.

Semiconductor Materials and Process Technology Handbook

Author: G. E. McGuire
Publisher: William Andrew
ISBN: 9780815511502
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This handbook is a broad review of semiconductor materials and process technology, with emphasis on very large-scale integration (VLSI) and ultra large scale integration (ULSI). The technology of integrated circuit (IC) processing is expanding so rapidly that it can be difficult for the scientist working in one area to keep abreast of developments in other areas of the field. This handbook solves this problem by bringing together "snapshots" of the various aspects of the technology.

Handbook of Crystal Growth

Author: Peter Rudolph
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0444633065
Format: PDF
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Vol 2A: Basic Technologies Handbook of Crystal Growth, 2nd Edition Volume IIA (Basic Technologies) presents basic growth technologies and modern crystal cutting methods. Particularly, the methodical fundamentals and development of technology in the field of bulk crystallization on both industrial and research scales are explored. After an introductory chapter on the formation of minerals, ruling historically the basic crystal formation parameters, advanced basic technologies from melt, solution, and vapour being applied for research and production of the today most important materials, like silicon, semiconductor compounds and oxides are presented in detail. The interdisciplinary and general importance of crystal growth for human live are illustrated. Vol 2B: Growth Mechanisms and Dynamics Handbook of Crystal Growth, 2nd Edition Volume IIB (Growth Mechanisms and Dynamics) deals with characteristic mechanisms and dynamics accompanying each bulk crystal growth method discussed in Volume IIA. Before the atoms or molecules pass over from a position in the fluid medium (gas, melt or solution) to their place in the crystalline face they must be transported in the fluid over macroscopic distances by diffusion, buoyancy-driven convection, surface-tension-driven convection, and forced convection (rotation, acceleration, vibration, magnetic mixing). Further, the heat of fusion and the part carried by the species on their way to the crystal by conductive and convective transport must be dissipated in the solid phase by well-organized thermal conduction and radiation to maintain a stable propagating interface. Additionally, segregation and capillary phenomena play a decisional role for chemical composition and crystal shaping, respectively. Today, the increase of high-quality crystal yield, its size enlargement and reproducibility are imperative conditions to match the strong economy. Volume 2A Presents the status and future of Czochralski and float zone growth of dislocation-free silicon Examines directional solidification of silicon ingots for photovoltaics, vertical gradient freeze of GaAs, CdTe for HF electronics and IR imaging as well as antiferromagnetic compounds and super alloys for turbine blades Focuses on growth of dielectric and conducting oxide crystals for lasers and non-linear optics Topics on hydrothermal, flux and vapour phase growth of III-nitrides, silicon carbide and diamond are explored Volume 2B Explores capillarity control of the crystal shape at the growth from the melt Highlights modeling of heat and mass transport dynamics Discusses control of convective melt processes by magnetic fields and vibration measures Includes imperative information on the segregation phenomenon and validation of compositional homogeneity Examines crystal defect generation mechanisms and their controllability Illustrates proper automation modes for ensuring constant crystal growth process Exhibits fundamentals of solution growth, gel growth of protein crystals, growth of superconductor materials and mass crystallization for food and pharmaceutical industries