Handbook of Individual Differences in Reading

Author: Peter Afflerbach
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135120935
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The central unifying theme of this state-of-the-art contribution to research on literacy is its rethinking and reconceptualization of individual differences in reading. Previous research, focused on cognitive components of reading, signaled the need for ongoing work to identify relevant individual differences in reading, to determine the relationship(s) of individual differences to reading development, and to account for interactions among individual differences. Addressing developments in each of these areas, this volume also describes affective individual differences, and the environments in which individual differences in reading may emerge, operate, interact, and change. The scant comprehensive accounting of individual differences in reading is reflected in the nature of reading instruction programs today, the outcomes that are expected from successful teaching and learning, and the manner in which reading development is assessed. An important contribution of this volume is to provide prima facie evidence of the benefits of broad conceptualization of the ways in which readers differ. The Handbook of Individual Differences in Reading moves the field forward by encompassing cognitive, non-cognitive, contextual, and methodological concerns. Its breadth of coverage serves as both a useful summary of the current state of knowledge and a guide for future work in this area.

Handbook of Individual Differences in Social Behavior

Author: Mark R. Leary
Publisher: Guilford Publications
ISBN: 1462514898
Format: PDF, Docs
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How do individual differences interact with situational factors to shape social behavior? Are people with certain traits more likely to form lasting marriages; experience test-taking anxiety; break the law; feel optimistic about the future? This handbook provides a comprehensive, authoritative examination of the full range of personality variables associated with interpersonal judgment, behavior, and emotion. The contributors are acknowledged experts who have conducted influential research on the constructs they address. Chapters discuss how each personality attribute is conceptualized and assessed, review the strengths and limitations of available measures (including child and adolescent measures, when available), present important findings related to social behavior, and identify directions for future study.

The SAGE Handbook of Personality and Individual Differences

Author: Virgil Zeigler-Hill
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1526451174
Format: PDF
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The examination of personality and individual differences is a major field of research in the modern discipline of psychology. Concerned with the ways humans develop an organised set of characteristics to shape themselves and the world around them, it is a study of how people come to be ‘different' and ‘similar' to others, on both an individual and a cultural level. This volume focuses on the multiple origins of personality and individual differences, in chapters arranged across three thematic sections: Part 1: Biological Origins of Personality and Individual Differences Part 2: Developmental Origins of Personality and Individual Differences Part 3: Environmental Origins of Personality and Individual Differences With outstanding contributions from leading scholars across the world, this is an invaluable resource for researchers and graduate students.

Handbook of Individual Differences in Cognition

Author: Aleksandra Gruszka
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781441912107
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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As cognitive models of behavior continue to evolve, the mechanics of cognitive exceptionality, with its range of individual variations in abilities and performance, remains a challenge to psychology. Reaching beyond the standard view of exceptional cognition equaling superior intelligence, the Handbook of Individual Differences in Cognition examines the latest findings from psychobiology, cognitive psychology, and neuroscience, for a comprehensive state-of-the-art volume. Breaking down cognition in terms of attentional mechanisms, working memory, and higher-order processing, contributors discuss general models of cognition and personality. Chapter authors build on this foundation as they revisit current theory in such areas as processing effort and general arousal and examine emerging methods in individual differences research, including new data on the role of brain plasticity in cognitive function. The possibility of a unified theory of individual differences in cognitive ability and the extent to which these variables may account for real-world competencies are emphasized, and commentary chapters offer suggestions for further research priorities. Coverage highlights include: The relationship between cognition and temperamental traits. The development of autobiographical memory. Anxiety and attentional control. The neurophysiology of gender differences in cognitive ability. Intelligence and cognitive control. Individual differences in dual task coordination. The effects of subclinical depression on attention, memory, and reasoning. Mood as a shaper of information. Researchers, clinicians, and graduate students in psychology and cognitive sciences, including clinical psychology and neuropsychology, personality and social psychology, neuroscience, and education, will find the Handbook of Individual Differences in Cognition an expert guide to the field as it currently stands and to its agenda for the future.

The SAGE Handbook of Personality and Individual Differences

Author: Virgil Zeigler-Hill
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1526451131
Format: PDF, ePub
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The examination of personality and individual differences is a major field of research in the modern discipline of psychology. Concerned with the ways humans develop an organised set of characteristics to shape themselves and the world around them, it is a study of how people come to be ‘different' and ‘similar' to others, on both an individual and a cultural level. This volume explores the scientific foundations of personality and individual differences, in chapters arranged across three thematic sections: Part 1: Theoretical Perspectives on Personality and Individual Differences Part 2: Research Strategies for Studying Personality and Individual Differences Part 3: The Measurement of Personality and Individual Differences With outstanding contributions from leading scholars across the world, this is an invaluable resource for researchers and graduate students.

Handbook of Research on Individual Differences in Computer Assisted Language Learning

Author: Rahimi, Mehrak
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1466685204
Format: PDF, ePub
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The latest advances and trends in technology have enabled rapid development in the field of language education. Students and teachers alike now benefit from the assistance of various technological innovations, thus increasing the overall effectiveness of the curriculum. The Handbook of Research on Individual Differences in Computer-Assisted Language Learning addresses the implementation of current research methodologies within EFL and ESL classroom settings and the variety of modifications employed by language experts. Focusing on quantitative, qualitative, and mixed methods studies, this book is an essential reference source for applied linguists, CALL researchers, language teachers, and upper-level students within the field of foreign language education.

Personality and Individual Differences

Author: Tomas Chamorro-Premuzic
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118773039
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Personality and Individual Differences is a state-of-the-art undergraduate textbook that covers the salient and recent literature on personality, intellectual ability, motivation and other individual differences such as creativity, emotional intelligence, leadership and vocational interests. This third edition has been completely revised and updated to include the most up-to-date and cutting-edge data and analysis. As well as introducing all topics related to individual differences, this book examines and discusses many important underlying issues, such as the psychodynamic approach to latent variables, validity, reliability and correlations between constructs. An essential textbook for first-time as well as more advanced students of the discipline, Personality and Individual Differences provides grounding in all major aspects of differential psychology.

Handbook of Temperament

Author: Marcel Zentner
Publisher: Guilford Publications
ISBN: 1462524990
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Timely and authoritative, this unique handbook explores the breadth of current knowledge on temperament, from foundational theory and research to clinical applications. Leaders in the field examine basic temperament traits, assessment methods, and what brain imaging and molecular genetics reveal about temperament's biological underpinnings. The book considers the pivotal role of temperament in parent–child interactions, attachment, peer relationships, and the development of adolescent and adult personality and psychopathology. Innovative psychological and educational interventions that take temperament into account are reviewed. Integrative in scope, the volume features extensive cross-referencing among chapters and a forward-looking summary chapter.

The Handbook of Individual Therapy

Author: Windy Dryden
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1446293564
Format: PDF, Kindle
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'[This] is essential reading for all who aspire to professional practice to ensure that knowledge and skills are up to date in order to best serve their clients.' Professor Sue Wheeler, University of Leicester '[It] continues to be the book that one turns to when looking for a clear introduction to the broad range of therapies that are offered in the UK today.' Dr Nick Midgley, Anna Freud Centre This classic text has helped over 50,000 students wishing to understand the key counselling and psychotherapy approaches. This sixth edition is the most comprehensive update since it was first published in 1984, with 15 newly contributed chapters and 8 updated chapters. Each approach now includes a new Research section summarising the research findings, an in-depth Case Study illustrating how that approach works in practice, and an extended Practice section. Also covered: · historical context and development · main theoretical assumptions · which clients will benefit most · strengths and limitations. New chapters include Compassion-Focussed Therapy, Interpersonal Therapy, Mindfulness in Individual Therapy, Pluralistic Therapy and The Transpersonal in Individual Therapy. This is an ideal one-stop shop for trainees of counselling, psychotherapy, counselling psychology, psychology and other allied professions wanting to learn about the most commonly practised therapies today. Windy Dryden has worked in the fields of counselling and psychotherapy since 1975. He is author/editor of over 200 books. Andrew Reeves is a BACP Senior Accredited Counsellor/Psychotherapist at the Univeristy of Liverpool and a freelance writer, trainer and supervisor. He is former Editor of the Counselling and Psychotherapy Research journal.

Personality and Individual Differences

Author: Bere Mahoney
Publisher: Learning Matters
ISBN: 0857252143
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Electronic Inspection Copy Available for instructors here This accessible introductory text covers core domains of variation in individual differences: the history, philosophy and methods used in individual differences psychology, personality, intellect, affect and the self. It provides concise and focused coverage of the central concepts, research and debates in this key area, while developing students' higher level skills. Activities help readers build the underpinning generic critical thinking and transferable skills they need to become independent learners, and to meet the requirements of their programme of study.