Handbook of Mixed Membership Models and Their Applications

Author: Edoardo M. Airoldi
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466504099
Format: PDF, Docs
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In response to scientific needs for more diverse and structured explanations of statistical data, researchers have discovered how to model individual data points as belonging to multiple groups. Handbook of Mixed Membership Models and Their Applications shows you how to use these flexible modeling tools to uncover hidden patterns in modern high-dimensional multivariate data. It explores the use of the models in various application settings, including survey data, population genetics, text analysis, image processing and annotation, and molecular biology. Through examples using real data sets, you’ll discover how to characterize complex multivariate data in: Studies involving genetic databases Patterns in the progression of diseases and disabilities Combinations of topics covered by text documents Political ideology or electorate voting patterns Heterogeneous relationships in networks, and much more The handbook spans more than 20 years of the editors’ and contributors’ statistical work in the field. Top researchers compare partial and mixed membership models, explain how to interpret mixed membership, delve into factor analysis, and describe nonparametric mixed membership models. They also present extensions of the mixed membership model for text analysis, sequence and rank data, and network data as well as semi-supervised mixed membership models.

Longitudinal Data Analysis

Author: Garrett Fitzmaurice
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420011579
Format: PDF
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Although many books currently available describe statistical models and methods for analyzing longitudinal data, they do not highlight connections between various research threads in the statistical literature. Responding to this void, Longitudinal Data Analysis provides a clear, comprehensive, and unified overview of state-of-the-art theory and applications. It also focuses on the assorted challenges that arise in analyzing longitudinal data. After discussing historical aspects, leading researchers explore four broad themes: parametric modeling, nonparametric and semiparametric methods, joint models, and incomplete data. Each of these sections begins with an introductory chapter that provides useful background material and a broad outline to set the stage for subsequent chapters. Rather than focus on a narrowly defined topic, chapters integrate important research discussions from the statistical literature. They seamlessly blend theory with applications and include examples and case studies from various disciplines. Destined to become a landmark publication in the field, this carefully edited collection emphasizes statistical models and methods likely to endure in the future. Whether involved in the development of statistical methodology or the analysis of longitudinal data, readers will gain new perspectives on the field.

Handbook of Statistical Methods and Analyses in Sports

Author: Jim Albert
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351678965
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This handbook will provide both overviews of statistical methods in sports and in-depth treatment of critical problems and challenges confronting statistical research in sports. The material in the handbook will be organized by major sport (baseball, football, hockey, basketball, and soccer) followed by a section on other sports and general statistical design and analysis issues that are common to all sports. This handbook has the potential to become the standard reference for obtaining the necessary background to conduct serious statistical analyses for sports applications and to appreciate scholarly work in this expanding area.

Handbook of Statistical Methods for Case Control Studies

Author: Ørnulf Borgan
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351650122
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Handbook of Statistical Methods for Case-Control Studies is written by leading researchers in the field. It provides an in-depth treatment of up-to-date and currently developing statistical methods for the design and analysis of case-control studies, as well as a review of classical principles and methods. The handbook is designed to serve as a reference text for biostatisticians and quantitatively-oriented epidemiologists who are working on the design and analysis of case-control studies or on related statistical methods research. Though not specifically intended as a textbook, it may also be used as a backup reference text for graduate level courses. Book Sections Classical designs and causal inference, measurement error, power, and small-sample inference Designs that use full-cohort information Time-to-event data Genetic epidemiology About the Editors Ørnulf Borgan is Professor of Statistics, University of Oslo. His book with Andersen, Gill and Keiding on counting processes in survival analysis is a world classic. Norman E. Breslow was, at the time of his death, Professor Emeritus in Biostatistics, University of Washington. For decades, his book with Nick Day has been the authoritative text on case-control methodology. Nilanjan Chatterjee is Bloomberg Distinguished Professor, Johns Hopkins University. He leads a broad research program in statistical methods for modern large scale biomedical studies. Mitchell H. Gail is a Senior Investigator at the National Cancer Institute. His research includes modeling absolute risk of disease, intervention trials, and statistical methods for epidemiology. Alastair Scott was, at the time of his death, Professor Emeritus of Statistics, University of Auckland. He was a major contributor to using survey sampling methods for analyzing case-control data. Chris J. Wild is Professor of Statistics, University of Auckland. His research includes nonlinear regression and methods for fitting models to response-selective data.

Handbook of Approximate Bayesian Computation

Author: Scott A. Sisson
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351643460
Format: PDF, ePub
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As the world becomes increasingly complex, so do the statistical models required to analyse the challenging problems ahead. For the very first time in a single volume, the Handbook of Approximate Bayesian Computation (ABC) presents an extensive overview of the theory, practice and application of ABC methods. These simple, but powerful statistical techniques, take Bayesian statistics beyond the need to specify overly simplified models, to the setting where the model is defined only as a process that generates data. This process can be arbitrarily complex, to the point where standard Bayesian techniques based on working with tractable likelihood functions would not be viable. ABC methods finesse the problem of model complexity within the Bayesian framework by exploiting modern computational power, thereby permitting approximate Bayesian analyses of models that would otherwise be impossible to implement. The Handbook of ABC provides illuminating insight into the world of Bayesian modelling for intractable models for both experts and newcomers alike. It is an essential reference book for anyone interested in learning about and implementing ABC techniques to analyse complex models in the modern world.

Handbook of Graphical Models

Author: Mathias Drton
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781498788625
Format: PDF
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Graphical models are a statistical tool used for a wide range of applications. There has been a huge amount of research in this topic across statistics, mathematics and computer science in the last few decades, and the timing is right for a handbook that presents an overview of the state-of-the-art. This handbook presents a comprehensive overview of the area through a collection of 25-30 chapters from some of the leading researchers. Each chapter has been carefully edited to ensure that the handbook is consistent in style, level and notation, and that it is accessible for graduate students and researchers new to the topic. It is sure to become a landmark reference in the area.

Handbook of Discrete Valued Time Series

Author: Richard A. Davis
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466577746
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Model a Wide Range of Count Time Series Handbook of Discrete-Valued Time Series presents state-of-the-art methods for modeling time series of counts and incorporates frequentist and Bayesian approaches for discrete-valued spatio-temporal data and multivariate data. While the book focuses on time series of counts, some of the techniques discussed can be applied to other types of discrete-valued time series, such as binary-valued or categorical time series. Explore a Balanced Treatment of Frequentist and Bayesian Perspectives Accessible to graduate-level students who have taken an elementary class in statistical time series analysis, the book begins with the history and current methods for modeling and analyzing univariate count series. It next discusses diagnostics and applications before proceeding to binary and categorical time series. The book then provides a guide to modern methods for discrete-valued spatio-temporal data, illustrating how far modern applications have evolved from their roots. The book ends with a focus on multivariate and long-memory count series. Get Guidance from Masters in the Field Written by a cohesive group of distinguished contributors, this handbook provides a unified account of the diverse techniques available for observation- and parameter-driven models. It covers likelihood and approximate likelihood methods, estimating equations, simulation methods, and a Bayesian approach for model fitting.

Mixed Effects Models for Complex Data

Author: Lang Wu
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420074086
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Although standard mixed effects models are useful in a range of studies, other approaches must often be used in correlation with them when studying complex or incomplete data. Mixed Effects Models for Complex Data discusses commonly used mixed effects models and presents appropriate approaches to address dropouts, missing data, measurement errors, censoring, and outliers. For each class of mixed effects model, the author reviews the corresponding class of regression model for cross-sectional data. An overview of general models and methods, along with motivating examples After presenting real data examples and outlining general approaches to the analysis of longitudinal/clustered data and incomplete data, the book introduces linear mixed effects (LME) models, generalized linear mixed models (GLMMs), nonlinear mixed effects (NLME) models, and semiparametric and nonparametric mixed effects models. It also includes general approaches for the analysis of complex data with missing values, measurement errors, censoring, and outliers. Self-contained coverage of specific topics Subsequent chapters delve more deeply into missing data problems, covariate measurement errors, and censored responses in mixed effects models. Focusing on incomplete data, the book also covers survival and frailty models, joint models of survival and longitudinal data, robust methods for mixed effects models, marginal generalized estimating equation (GEE) models for longitudinal or clustered data, and Bayesian methods for mixed effects models. Background material In the appendix, the author provides background information, such as likelihood theory, the Gibbs sampler, rejection and importance sampling methods, numerical integration methods, optimization methods, bootstrap, and matrix algebra. Failure to properly address missing data, measurement errors, and other issues in statistical analyses can lead to severely biased or misleading results. This book explores the biases that arise when naïve methods are used and shows which approaches should be used to achieve accurate results in longitudinal data analysis.

Handbook of Markov Chain Monte Carlo

Author: Steve Brooks
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420079425
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Since their popularization in the 1990s, Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) methods have revolutionized statistical computing and have had an especially profound impact on the practice of Bayesian statistics. Furthermore, MCMC methods have enabled the development and use of intricate models in an astonishing array of disciplines as diverse as fisheries science and economics. The wide-ranging practical importance of MCMC has sparked an expansive and deep investigation into fundamental Markov chain theory. The Handbook of Markov Chain Monte Carlo provides a reference for the broad audience of developers and users of MCMC methodology interested in keeping up with cutting-edge theory and applications. The first half of the book covers MCMC foundations, methodology, and algorithms. The second half considers the use of MCMC in a variety of practical applications including in educational research, astrophysics, brain imaging, ecology, and sociology. The in-depth introductory section of the book allows graduate students and practicing scientists new to MCMC to become thoroughly acquainted with the basic theory, algorithms, and applications. The book supplies detailed examples and case studies of realistic scientific problems presenting the diversity of methods used by the wide-ranging MCMC community. Those familiar with MCMC methods will find this book a useful refresher of current theory and recent developments.

Nonparametric and Semiparametric Models

Author: Wolfgang Härdle
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 364217146X
Format: PDF
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The statistical and mathematical principles of smoothing with a focus on applicable techniques are presented in this book. It naturally splits into two parts: The first part is intended for undergraduate students majoring in mathematics, statistics, econometrics or biometrics whereas the second part is intended to be used by master and PhD students or researchers. The material is easy to accomplish since the e-book character of the text gives a maximum of flexibility in learning (and teaching) intensity.