Handbook of Physical Chemical Properties and Environmental Fate for Organic Chemicals Second Edition

Author: Donald Mackay
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781566706872
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
Transport and transformation processes are key for determining how humans and other organisms are exposed to chemicals. These processes are largely controlled by the chemicals’ physical-chemical properties. This new edition of the Handbook of Physical-Chemical Properties and Environmental Fate for Organic Chemicals is a comprehensive series in four volumes that serves as a reference source for environmentally relevant physical-chemical property data of numerous groups of chemical substances. The handbook contains physical-chemical property data from peer-reviewed journals and other valuable sources on over 1200 chemicals of environmental concern. The handbook contains new data on the temperature dependence of selected physical-chemical properties, which allows scientists and engineers to perform better chemical assessments for climatic conditions outside the 20–25-degree range for which property values are generally reported. This second edition of the Handbook of Physical-Chemical Properties and Environmental Fate for Organic Chemicals is an essential reference for university libraries, regulatory agencies, consultants, and industry professionals, particularly those concerned with chemical synthesis, emissions, fate, persistence, long-range transport, bioaccumulation, exposure, and biological effects of chemicals in the environment. This resource is also available on CD-ROM

Multimedia Environmental Models

Author: Donald Mackay
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420032542
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
Completely revised and updated, Multimedia Environmental Models: The Fugacity Approach, Second Edition continues to provide simple techniques for calculating how chemicals behave in the environment, where they accumulate, how long they persist, and how this leads to human exposure. The book develops, describes, and illustrates the framework and procedures for calculating the behavior of chemicals in our multimedia environment of air, water, soil, and sediments, as well as the diversity of biota that reside in these media. While other books focus on specific compartments, such as the atmosphere, or specific substances, such as PCBs, this book presents the big picture of how organic chemicals behave in the total environment. It does this by providing examples of calculation methods based on the fugacity approach and explaining how to access up-to-date property databases and estimation methods as well as computer programs, which are available from the Internet. In addition, the models are Web based, instead of on a floppy disk as in the previous edition. Building on the work developed in the First Edition, the Second Edition includes: A how-to modeling section, more worked examples and problems- most with solutions and answers Expanded treatment of structure-activity relationships and modern estimation methods More material illustrating applications to bioaccumulation is specific organisms and food webs Emphasis on current efforts to identify PBT chemicals and exposure analysis as a component of risk assessment Examples that provide each step of modeling calculations Web-based models, and references to property databases, estimation methods, and computer programs from the Internet When you need to make assessments of chemical behavior you need current, comprehensive. Multimedia Environmental Models: The Fugacity Approach provides you with not only an understanding of how the multitude of organic chemicals behave in the total environment, but also with practical examples of how this behavior can be predicted using the fugacity approach.

Chemical Property Estimation

Author: Edward Baum
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351461443
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
Our world is widely contaminated with damaging chemicals, and companies create thousands of new, potentially dangerous chemicals each year. Due to the difficulty and expense of obtaining accurate measurements and the unreliability of reported values, we know surprisingly little about the properties of these contaminants. Determining the properties of chemicals is critical to judging their impact on environmental quality and in making decisions about emission rates, clean-up, and other important public health issues. Chemical Property Estimation describes modern methods of estimating chemical properties, methods which cost much less than traditional laboratory techniques and are sufficiently accurate for most environmental applications. Estimation methods are used to screen chemicals for testing, design monitoring and analysis methods, design clean-up procedures, and verify experimental measurements. The book discusses key methods for estimating chemical properties and considers their relative strengths and weaknesses. Several chapters are devoted to the partitioning of chemicals between air, water, soil, and biota; and properties such as solubility, vapor pressure, and chemical transport. Each chapter begins with a review of relevant theory and background information explaining the applications and limitations of each method. Sample calculations and practical advice on how and when to use each method are included as well. Each method is evaluated for accuracy and reliability. Computer software, databases, and internet resources are evaluated, as well as other supplementary material, such as fundamental constants, units of measure, and more.

Handbook of Environmental Fate and Exposure Data For Organic Chemicals

Author: Philip H. Howard
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780873712040
Format: PDF, Mobi
Download Now
This 5-volume set allows you to assess the health and environmental effects of chemicals by determining the routes of exposure of the chemical to sensitive organisms. Environmental Fate and Exposure of Organic Chemicals provides relevant facts on how individual chemicals behave in the environment and how humans and environmental organisms are exposed to the chemicals during their production, rise, transport, and disposal. Each chemical is prepared by one of the best-known organizations in environmental fate and exposure and is peer-reviewed by a panel of expert scientists. The information on each chemical includes all experimental values and references for physical properties, all chemical fate studies, and all available monitoring data and interpretative summaries.

Handbook of Ecotoxicology Second Edition

Author: David J. Hoffman
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN:
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download Now
The handbook provides comprehensive coverage of the following general areas of ecotoxicology: -- Methods of quantifying and measuring ecotoxicological effects-- Effects of environmental contaminants and other ecological perturbations-- Case histories involving environmental contaminant disruption of natural ecosystems-- Methods used for estimating, predicting, and modeling in ecotoxicology studies

Persistence and Spatial Range of Environmental Chemicals

Author: Martin Scheringer
Publisher: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH
ISBN: 9783527305278
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
Using conventional methodology, chemical risk assessment for the hundreds of thousands of chemicals currently in use is a near-impossible task. Martin Scheringer has pioneered the development of a new concept based on the criteria of persistence and spatial range, and in this book he provides the first coherent introduction. The concept simplifies the assessment of chemicals while still providing meaningful evaluation criteria. The author outlines the features of persistence and spatial range as measures of environmental threats before going on to explain the quantification of these criteria. One unique feature of this book is that it covers both scientific and ethical aspects, since scientific arguments are necessary, yet insufficient for political decisions. A glossary of terms aids comprehension of this interdisciplinary topic, while numerous references provide access to the primary literature. Essential reading for everybody needing to stay in touch with the progress being made in scientific research on environmental chemicals or the current debate on international policy negotiations.