Handbook of Textile and Industrial Dyeing

Author: M Clark
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857093975
Format: PDF, Docs
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Dyeing is one of the most effective and popular methods used for colouring textiles and other materials. Dyes are employed in a variety of industries, from cosmetic production to the medical sector. The two volumes of the Handbook of textile and industrial dyeing provide a detailed review of the latest techniques and equipment used in the dyeing industry, as well as examining dyes and their application in a number of different industrial sectors. Volume 1 deals with the principles of dyeing and techniques used in the dyeing process, and looks at the different types of dyes currently available. Part one begins with a general introduction to dyeing, which is followed by chapters that examine various aspects of the dyeing process, from the pre-treatment of textiles to the machinery employed. Chapters in part two then review the main types of dyes used today, including disperse dyes, acid dyes, fluorescent dyes, and many others for a diverse range of applications. With its distinguished editor and contributions from some of the world’s leading authorities, the Handbook of textile and industrial dyeing is an essential reference for designers, colour technologists and product developers working in a variety of sectors, and will also be suitable for academic use. Examines dyeing and its application in a number of different industrial sectors Deals with the principles of dyeing and techniques used in the dyeing process, as well as types of dyes currently available Chapters review various dye types right through to modelling and predicting dye properties and the chemistry of dyeing

Handbook of Life Cycle Assessment LCA of Textiles and Clothing

Author: Subramanian Senthilkannan Muthu
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 0081001878
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Life cycle assessment (LCA) is used to evaluate the environmental impacts of textile products, from raw material extraction, through fibre processing, textile manufacture, distribution and use, to disposal or recycling. LCA is an important tool for the research and development process, product and process design, and labelling of textiles and clothing. Handbook of Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) of Textiles and Clothing systematically covers the LCA process with comprehensive examples and case studies. Part one of the book covers key indicators and processes in LCA, from carbon and ecological footprints to disposal, re-use and recycling. Part two then discusses a broad range of LCA applications in the textiles and clothing industry. Covers the LCA process and its key indicators, including carbon and ecological footprints, disposal, re-use and recycling Examines the key developments of LCA in the textile and clothing industries Provides a wide range of case studies and examples of LCA applications in the textile and clothing industries

Natural Dyes for Textiles

Author: Padma Shree Vankar
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 0081018843
Format: PDF
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Natural Dyes for Textiles: Sources, Chemistry and Applications is an in-depth guide to natural dyes, offering complete and practical coverage of the whole dyeing process from source selection to post-treatments. The book identifies plants with high dye content that are viable for commercial use, and provides valuable quantitative information regarding extraction and fastness properties, to aid dye selection. The book presents newer natural dyes in detail, according to their suitability for cotton fabrics, silk fabrics, and wool yarn, before describing the application of each dye. Extraction of plant parts for isolation of colorants, chromatographic techniques for separation, spectroscopic analysis of the isolated colorants, structure elucidation, biomordanting, pretreatments, and post-treatments, are also covered. Prepared by an expert author with many years of experience in researching and writing on natural textile dyes, this book is an important resource for academic researchers, post-graduate students, textile manufacturers, technicians, dye practitioners, and those involved in textile dye research and development. Written by an expert author with many years of experience in researching and writing on natural textile dyes Provides quantitative information about extraction and fastness properties that will be valuable to those involved in dye selection Offers complete and practical coverage of the whole dyeing process from source selection to post-treatments

Handbook of Sustainable Textile Production

Author: Marion I Tobler-Rohr
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857092863
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Textile products are produced, distributed, sold and used worldwide. A quantitative assessment of sustainability in the textile manufacturing chain is therefore extremely important. The Handbook of sustainable textile production is a compilation of technical, economical, and environmental data from the various processes in this chain. This authoritative reference work provides a detailed study of the sustainable development of textiles. The book opens with an introduction to the topic. Chapters define the principles of sustainability and its use in legislation and industry before going on to investigate the impact of textiles throughout the supply chain, starting with the raw fibre through to fabric production, consumption and disposal. Textile process technology and methods for specifying quality and functions in textile products in order to reduce textile waste and improve sustainability are also examined. A series of Life Cycle Assessments (LCAs) carried out in the European textile industry are investigated. These studies comprise a range of processes from cotton growing, spinning and weaving to the recycling of textiles. The book concludes with a discussion on sustainable textiles from a product development and marketing perspective. With an internationally recognised expert author, the Handbook of sustainable textile production is a valuable reference tool for academics and students as well as for companies across the textile supply chain concerned with developing a sustainable environment, from fibre manufactures and designers to regulatory bodies. A detailed, quantitative assessment of the sustainable development of textiles Provides a useful compilation of technical, economical, and environmental data from various processes in the textile manufacturing chain Chapters define the principles of sustainability and its use in legislation and industry, textile process technology, the impact of textiles throughout the supply chain, raw fibre through to fabric production, consumption and disposal

Soft Computing

Author: Wolfram-Manfred Lippe
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3540292748
Format: PDF
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Neuronale Netze sind parallele datenverarbeitende Strukturen, die sich selbst verändern können. Mittels dieser Fähigkeit versucht ein Neuronales Netz ein durch Trainingsbeispiele vorgegebenes Ein- und Ausgabeverhalten nachzuahmen und Interpolationseigenschaften zu entwickeln. Fuzzy-Logic ist eine Erweiterung der klassischen Logik in dem Sinne, dass sie statt zwei Werten sämtliche Werte aus aus dem Intervall [0,1] als Wahrheitswerte zulässt. Mit solchen Fuzzy-Werten können vage oder unsichere Daten aus der realen Welt, wie z.B. die linguistischen Terme kurz oder leicht, einfach und zutreffend modelliert werden. Der Autor gibt eine umfassende Einführung in die Theorie und Praxis der natürlichen Informationsverarbeitung, der künstlichen Neuronalen Netze, der Fuzzy-Logic und der genetischen Algorithmen sowie der Kombination der letzten drei genannten Gebiete zu komplexeren Modellen des Soft-Computing . Zudem werden praktische Anwendungen wie die Optimierung von Fuzzy-Controllern mittels Neuronaler Netze beschrieben.

Substrat und Textilbeschichtung

Author: Andreas Giessmann
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783642014178
Format: PDF, ePub
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Das Buch liefert einen Überblick über Verfahren und Technologien der Beschichtungs- und Kaschierindustrie, die insbesondere bei der Herstellung technischer Textilien zum Einsatz kommen. Der Autor behandelt unterschiedliche Substrate und Beschichtungsmassen, die Verfahrenstechnik sowie Anlagen und Anlagenkomponenten. In der 2. Auflage werden neue, verbesserte Trocknungssysteme sowie die Beschichtung medizinischer Produkte beschrieben. Ferner wurde die aktuelle Auflage um ein Kapitel zur Anwendung von Plastisolen und Additiven ergänzt.

Smart Materials in Architektur Innenarchitektur und Design

Author: Axel Ritter
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 376438266X
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Die Anwendung von Smart Materials in der Architektur ist ein innovatives, dynamisches Gebiet, in dem Forschung, Entwicklung und Anwendung im Bau fließend ineinander übergehen. Smart Materials mit ihren reversiblen Wechseleigenschaften reagieren auf Stimuli wie Licht, Temperatur und elektrisches Feld. Sie verändern sich dabei in Form, Farbe, Viskosität etc. Zu den faszinierendsten Entwicklungen gehören Formgedächtnis-Legierungen oder Phase Change Materials. Es lassen sich beispielsweise selbsttätig agierende kinetische Fassaden entwickeln oder auch Tapeten, die temperatur- und lichtabhängig Farbe und Muster verändern. Das Buch stellt einleitend die Entwicklung dieser Materialien sowie ihren Kontext in Architektur, Design und Kunst dar. Ein systematisch aufgebauter Überblick mit zahlreichen Details über Eigenschaften, Technologien, Produkte und Projekte wird anhand von rund zwanzig Materialgruppen gegeben.