Handbook of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry

Author: Richard B. Kemp
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080535692
Format: PDF, ePub
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The applications and interest in thermal analysis and calorimetry have grown enormously during the last half of the 20th century. These techniques have become indispensable in the study of processes such as catalysis, hazards evaluation etc., and in measuring important physical properties quickly, conveniently and with markedly improved accuracy. Consequently, thermal analysis and calorimetry have grown in stature and more scientists and engineers have become at least part-time, practitioners. People new to the field therefore need a source of information describing the basic principles and current state of the art. The last volume of this 4 volume handbook, devoted to many aspects of biological thermal analysis and calorimetry, completes a comprehensive review of this important area. All chapters have been prepared by recognized experts in their respective fields. The approach taken is "how and what to do and when to do it". The complete work is a valuable addition to the already existing literature.

The Nature of Biological Systems as Revealed by Thermal Methods

Author: Dénes Lörinczy
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402022180
Format: PDF, ePub
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The Nature of Biological Systems as Revealed by Thermal Methods is a guide for experiments using thermal methods. The Editor has used his many years of experience to create a unique resource that will enable others with a less mathematical background, to realize the beauty and power of this tool and to gain a better understanding of biological problems. Biological calorimetry (and of course thermal analysis) is of increasing interest and is not covered thoroughly in other resources. The methods presented are macroscopic, for the rather inhomogeneous material (micromethods are often not possible or not pertinent). This book will help beginners in the field of thermal analysis or calorimetry understand the principles of thermodynamics being applied to biological systems. Biological systems are highly organized and very complex. The water and the different types of weak interactions among the macromolecules make the interpretation of thermal events very difficult. This book includes examples how to handle such problems. The Nature of Biological Systems as Revealed by Thermal Methods is unique in that it: -has a broad spectrum, from molecules and biochemistry, tissues, and food, to whole organisms; -combines practical problems (food processing, quality control, thermal denaturation of proteins, plants and small insects, etc.) with concrete solutions and interpretation; -provides practical strategies and tools without "dry physics and mathematics"; -initiates the application of thermal methods in new fields (e.g. medicine); -forces the reader to go into more detail of thermodynamics and thermal techniques; -simplifies communication between biologists, medical doctors and experts of thermal analysis. The book is an invaluable resource for anyone interested in thermodynamics, including practising professionals applying thermal methods to biological problems; researchers and graduate students beginning work using thermal methods; and specialists of thermal analysis starting work on biological problems. In addition, this book will be a useful resource for libraries and institutes as the only book covering quantitative thermal analysis of biological systems.

Plant Respiration

Author: Hans Lambers
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402035896
Format: PDF, Docs
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Respiration in plants, as in all living organisms, is essential to provide metabolic energy and carbon skeletons for growth and maintenance. As such, respiration is an essential component of a plant’s carbon budget. Depending on species and environmental conditions, it consumes 25-75% of all the carbohydrates produced in photosynthesis – even more at extremely slow growth rates. Respiration in plants can also proceed in a manner that produces neither metabolic energy nor carbon skeletons, but heat. This type of respiration involves the cyanide-resistant, alternative oxidase; it is unique to plants, and resides in the mitochondria. The activity of this alternative pathway can be measured based on a difference in fractionation of oxygen isotopes between the cytochrome and the alternative oxidase. Heat production is important in some flowers to attract pollinators; however, the alternative oxidase also plays a major role in leaves and roots of most plants. A common thread throughout this volume is to link respiration, including alternative oxidase activity, to plant functioning in different environments.

Use of Yeast Biomass in Food Production

Author: Anna Halasz
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780849358661
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Yeast biomass is an excellent source of proteins, nucleic acids, and vitamins. It has been produced and consumed in baked goods and other foods for thousands of years and offers significant advantages when compared to other potential new microbial protein sources. Use of Yeast Biomass in Food Production provides up-to-date information regarding the chemical composition and biochemistry of yeasts, discusses the biotechnological basis of yeast production and possibilities for influencing yeast biomass composition using new techniques in molecular biology. The book examines techniques for producing yeast protein concentrates (and isolates) while still retaining their functional properties and nutritive values, as well as the various uses for these materials and their derivatives in different branches of the food industry. Finally, the book explores possibilities for the production and industrial use of other yeast components, such as nucleic acids, nucleotides, cell wall polysaccharides, autolysates, and extracts. Food microbiologists and technologists, as well as biotechnologists, will discover that this book is an invaluable reference resource.

Energetics of microbial growth

Author: Edwin H. Battley
Publisher: Wiley-Interscience
Format: PDF
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Applies thermodynamics to the analysis of microbial growth and shows how it can be used for a precise analysis of the energetics of the growth process. Describes the development of theories on the energy changes that accompany microbial growth. Beginning with a review of the thermodynamic principles, the text approaches the description of microbial growth and energy changes historically and charts the progress from the fields' earliest beginnings to the present. Provides a useful perspective to theories about the evolution of life.

Human Cell Culture Protocols

Author: Gareth E. Jones
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1592595863
Format: PDF
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In Human Cell Culture Protocols expert scientific and clinical investigators present proven cell culture techniques applicable to tissue samples taken from a wide variety of human organs, particularly those prone to pathological change. They describe in clear, step-by-step instructions the special requirements for successfully culturing such human cells as T-cells, trophoblast cells, renal cells, natural killer cells, endothelial cells, neurons, epithelial cells, pituitary cells, and more. Human Cell Culture Protocols eliminates much of the chore of adapting techniques initially developed for animal cell culture systems, and much of the time consumed in hunting down potentially useful techniques buried in the details of research papers, or even in books largely devoted to animal cell culture. Human Cell Culture Protocols ensures that investigators - whether novice or skilled - can use quickly and successfully high quality, in vitro cultures as models to explore disease processes.