Handbook of Thin Film Deposition Processes and Techniques

Author: Krishna Seshan
Publisher: William Andrew
ISBN: 0815517785
Format: PDF, Docs
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New second edition of the popular book on deposition (first edition by Klaus Schruegraf) for engineers, technicians, and plant personnel in the semiconductor and related industries. This book traces the technology behind the spectacular growth in the silicon semiconductor industry and the continued trend in miniaturization over the last 20 years. This growth has been fueled in large part by improved thin film deposition techniques and the development of highly specialized equipment to enable this deposition. The book includes much cutting-edge material. Entirely new chapters on contamination and contamination control describe the basics and the issues—as feature sizes shrink to sub-micron dimensions, cleanliness and particle elimination has to keep pace. A new chapter on metrology explains the growth of sophisticated, automatic tools capable of measuring thickness and spacing of sub-micron dimensions. The book also covers PVD, laser and e-beam assisted deposition, MBE, and ion beam methods to bring together all the physical vapor deposition techniques. Two entirely new areas receive full treatment: chemical mechanical polishing which helps attain the flatness that is required by modern lithography methods, and new materials used for interconnect dielectric materials, specifically organic polyimide materials.

Principles of Vapor Deposition of Thin Films

Author: Professor K.S. K.S Sree Harsha
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080480312
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The goal of producing devices that are smaller, faster, more functional, reproducible, reliable and economical has given thin film processing a unique role in technology. Principles of Vapor Deposition of Thin Films brings in to one place a diverse amount of scientific background that is considered essential to become knowledgeable in thin film depostition techniques. Its ultimate goal as a reference is to provide the foundation upon which thin film science and technological innovation are possible. * Offers detailed derivation of important formulae. * Thoroughly covers the basic principles of materials science that are important to any thin film preparation. * Careful attention to terminologies, concepts and definitions, as well as abundance of illustrations offer clear support for the text.

Handbook of Physical Vapor Deposition PVD Processing

Author: D. M. Mattox
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780080946580
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book covers all aspects of physical vapor deposition (PVD) process technology from the characterizing and preparing the substrate material, through deposition processing and film characterization, to post-deposition processing. The emphasis of the book is on the aspects of the process flow that are critical to economical deposition of films that can meet the required performance specifications. The book covers subjects seldom treated in the literature: substrate characterization, adhesion, cleaning and the processing. The book also covers the widely discussed subjects of vacuum technology and the fundamentals of individual deposition processes. However, the author uniquely relates these topics to the practical issues that arise in PVD processing, such as contamination control and film growth effects, which are also rarely discussed in the literature. In bringing these subjects together in one book, the reader can understand the interrelationship between various aspects of the film deposition processing and the resulting film properties. The author draws upon his long experience with developing PVD processes and troubleshooting the processes in the manufacturing environment, to provide useful hints for not only avoiding problems, but also for solving problems when they arise. He uses actual experiences, called ""war stories,"" to emphasize certain points. Special formatting of the text allows a reader who is already knowledgeable in the subject to scan through a section and find discussions that are of particular interest. The author has tried to make the subject index as useful as possible so that the reader can rapidly go to sections of particular interest. Extensive references allow the reader to pursue subjects in greater detail if desired. The book is intended to be both an introduction for those who are new to the field and a valuable resource to those already in the field. The discussion of transferring technology between R&D and manufacturing provided in Appendix 1, will be of special interest to the manager or engineer responsible for moving a PVD product and process from R&D into production. Appendix 2 has an extensive listing of periodical publications and professional societies that relate to PVD processing. The extensive Glossary of Terms and Acronyms provided in Appendix 3 will be of particular use to students and to those not fully conversant with the terminology of PVD processing or with the English language.

Handbook of Deposition Technologies for Films and Coatings

Author: Peter M. Martin
Publisher: William Andrew
ISBN: 0815520328
Format: PDF
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This 3e, edited by Peter M. Martin, PNNL 2005 Inventor of the Year, is an extensive update of the many improvements in deposition technologies, mechanisms, and applications. This long-awaited revision includes updated and new chapters on atomic layer deposition, cathodic arc deposition, sculpted thin films, polymer thin films and emerging technologies. Extensive material was added throughout the book, especially in the areas concerned with plasma-assisted vapor deposition processes and metallurgical coating applications. * Explains in depth the many recent i

Handbook of Deposition Technologies for Films and Coatings

Author: Rointan Framroze Bunshah
Publisher: William Andrew
ISBN: 0815513372
Format: PDF, Docs
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This second edition, edited by the world-renowned Dr. Rointain Bunshah, is an extensive update of the many improvements in deposition technologies, mechanisms, and applications. Considerably more material was added in Plasma Assisted Vapor Deposition processes, as well as Metallurgical Coating Applications.

Handbook of Thin Film Process Technology

Author: David A Glocker
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351081233
Format: PDF, ePub
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The Handbook of Thin Film Process Technology is a practical handbook for the thin film scientist, engineer and technician. This handbook is regularly updated with new material, and this volume is a special issue on reactive sputtering which will be of interest to a wide range of industrial and academic researchers in addition to owners of the main Handbook. Some recent developments in the reactive sputtering field are covered, including unbalanced magnetron sputtering and pulsed reactive sputtering. The articles contain a wealth of practical information relating to applications, practice and manufacturing techniques.

Sputtering Materials for VLSI and Thin Film Devices

Author: Jaydeep Sarkar
Publisher: William Andrew
ISBN: 0815519877
Format: PDF, ePub
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An important resource for students, engineers and researchers working in the area of thin film deposition using physical vapor deposition (e.g. sputtering) for semiconductor, liquid crystal displays, high density recording media and photovoltaic device (e.g. thin film solar cell) manufacturing. This book also reviews microelectronics industry topics such as history of inventions and technology trends, recent developments in sputtering technologies, manufacturing steps that require sputtering of thin films, the properties of thin films and the role of sputtering target performance on overall productivity of various processes. Two unique chapters of this book deal with productivity and troubleshooting issues. The content of the book has been divided into two sections: (a) the first section (Chapter 1 to Chapter 3) has been prepared for the readers from a range of disciplines (e.g. electrical, chemical, chemistry, physics) trying to get an insight into use of sputtered films in various devices (e.g. semiconductor, display, photovoltaic, data storage), basic of sputtering and performance of sputtering target in relation to productivity, and (b) the second section (Chapter 4 to Chapter 8) has been prepared for readers who already have background knowledge of sputter deposition of thin films, materials science principles and interested in the details of sputtering target manufacturing methods, sputtering behavior and thin film properties specific to semiconductor, liquid crystal display, photovoltaic and magnetic data storage applications. In Chapters 5 to 8, a general structure has been used, i.e. a description of the applications of sputtered thin films, sputtering target manufacturing methods (including flow charts), sputtering behavior of targets (e.g. current - voltage relationship, deposition rate) and thin film properties (e.g. microstructure, stresses, electrical properties, in-film particles). While discussing these topics, attempts have been made to include examples from the actual commercial processes to highlight the increased complexity of the commercial processes with the growth of advanced technologies. In addition to personnel working in industry setting, university researchers with advanced knowledge of sputtering would also find discussion of such topics (e.g. attributes of target design, chamber design, target microstructure, sputter surface characteristics, various troubleshooting issues) useful. . Unique coverage of sputtering target manufacturing methods in the light of semiconductor, displays, data storage and photovoltaic industry requirements Practical information on technology trends, role of sputtering and major OEMs Discussion on properties of a wide variety of thin films which include silicides, conductors, diffusion barriers, transparent conducting oxides, magnetic films etc. Practical case-studies on target performance and troubleshooting Essential technological information for students, engineers and scientists working in the semiconductor, display, data storage and photovoltaic industry

Thin Film Deposition Principles and Practice

Author: Donald Smith
Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional
ISBN: 9780070585027
Format: PDF, ePub
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Thin film deposition is a broad and burgeoning field, with applications ranging from razor blade coatings to quantum-well lasers. However much of the available thin film literature is based on empirical knowledge and focuses only on specific processes or applications.

Handbook of Sputter Deposition Technology

Author: Kiyotaka Wasa
Publisher: William Andrew
ISBN: 1437734839
Format: PDF, ePub
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Sputtering is a Physical Vapor Deposition vacuum process used to deposit very thin films onto a substrate for a wide variety of commercial and scientific purposes. Sputtering occurs when an ionized gas molecule is used to displace atoms of a specific material. These atoms then bond at the atomic level to a substrate and create a thin film. Several types of sputtering processes exist, including: ion beam, diode, and magnetron sputtering. Cathode sputtering is widely used in the microelectronics industry for silicon integrated circuit production and for metallic coatings. High temperature, diamond films and ferroelectric materials are other applications. Sputtering applications are important across a wide range of industries, including the automotive, medical, semiconductors, space, plastics, and military sectors. A strong applications focus, covering current and emerging technologies, including nano-materials and MEMS (microelectrolmechanical systems) for energy, environments, communications, and/or bio-medical field. New chapters on computer simulation of sputtering and MEMS completes the update and insures that the new edition includes the most current and forward-looking coverage available. All applications discussed are supported by theoretical discussions, offering readers both the "how" and the "why" of each technique. 40% revision: the new edition includes an entirely new team of contributing authors with backgrounds specializing in the various new applications that are covered in the book and providing the most up-to-date coverage available anywhere.