Hayek and Popper

Author: Mark Notturno
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317594215
Format: PDF, Mobi
Download Now
Karl Popper and Friedrich von Hayek are remembered as two of the twentieth century’s greatest proponents of open society. However, over the years, Hayek’s ideas have tended to be favoured over Popper’s in both academic and political discussions. This book aims to improve understanding of Popper’s and Hayek’s philosophies by explaining their differences, and whilst doing so, to encourage liberal political philosophers to take a better-informed and more sympathetic look at Popper’s ideas about open society. Popper and Hayek differed in subtle but fundamental ways about rationality, economism, and democracy. They thus differed about whether and to what extent society is well served by deliberate attempts at social engineering and government intervention in the economy. They also differed about whether democracy is better served by institutions designed to elect the best leaders, or by institutions designed to protect us against the leaders we elect. And they differed, perhaps most importantly, about whether we should value freedom as a means to prosperity or an end-in-itself. This book argues that Hayek’s views about rationality, economism, and democracy are fundamentally at odds with Popper’s3⁄4 and perhaps even with open society itself—and that the unintended consequences of Hayek’s views may actually pose a threat to Popper’s vision of a liberal and free open society.

Great Economic Thinkers from Antiquity to the Historical School

Author: Bertram Schefold
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317703715
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download Now
This book contains commentaries from the series "Klassiker der Nationalökonomie" (classics of economics), which have been translated into English for the first time. This selection focuses on neglected, but notable writers in a deserted sub-discipline, localising the beginning of economic science not with Adam Smith, but with the moral question of usury and the good life in Antiquity. Bertram Schefold’s choice of authors for the "Klassiker" series, which he has edited since 1991, and his comments on the various re-edited works are proof of his highly original and thought-provoking interpretation of the history of economic thought (HET). This volume is an important contribution to HET not only because it delivers original and fresh insights about such well-known figures as Aristotle, Jevons or Wicksell, but also because it deals with authors and ideas who have been forgotten or neglected in the previous literature. In this regard Schefold’s book could prove to be seminal for the field of the history of economic thought, for in the age of globalisation our usual restriction to the thinkers of Western Europe and the USA might eventually be overcome. This book will give the reader a far broader view of economics compared to that of the latest research. This volume is suitable for those who are interested in and study history of economic thought as well as economic theory and philosophy.

On the Foundations of Happiness in Economics

Author: Maurizio Pugno
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317560833
Format: PDF, ePub
Download Now
Economic growth has extraordinarily increased the availability of market goods to satisfy people’s need for comfort, but at the same time it has also raised great challenges to their working and family life. Will people learn the skill necessary to cope with these challenges and draw full enjoyment from economic growth? On the Foundations of Happiness in Economics explores this question by examining the work of Tibor Scitovsky, author of The Joyless Economy. Given the recent rise of behavioural economics and happiness economics, this book aims to show how far ahead of his time Scitovsky was in his work on individual welfare (or wellbeing). It traces the evolution of Scitovsky’s original thought, arguing that he has been frequently misunderstood, before undertaking formal analysis in order to demonstrate how far his work anticipated or even went beyond the recent advances in economics. This volume also explores Scitovsky’s work in the context of Keynes’ work on wellbeing, offering a new perspective on welfare in the history of economic thought. Other issues discussed in this text regard creativity and social skills, hedonism and eudaimonia, parenting and education, addiction, work/leisure balance, policies for happiness, paternalism, and the quality of economic growth. This book addresses a variety of readers, such as those interested in the history of economics, as well as students and researchers concerned with the economic theory of well-being.

Essays on Hayek

Author: Fritz Machlup
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134558627
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
Varying according to the scope of Hayek's contributions, the papers in this volume include among others: * An affirmation of the "relevance" of Hayek's work * A survey of his contribution to knowledge * An appraisal of Hayek's innovative work on the methodology of the social sciences * A discussion of Hayek's achievements as scholar and mentor The contributors are: Fritz Machlup, Geroge Roche, Arthur Shenfield, Max Hartwell, William Buckley, Gottfried Dietze, Shirley Letwin.

Die Philosophie Karl Poppers

Author: Herbert Keuth
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
ISBN: 9783161506604
Format: PDF, Docs
Download Now
English summary: Karl R. Popper (1902-1994) is one of the most important philosophers of the 20th century. His 'critical rationalism' strongly influenced the theory of knowledge and social philosophy. In this volume, Herbert Keuth presents an introduction to Karl Popper's philosophy which is not only detailed but also readily comprehensible for laymen. German description: Herbert Keuth legt hier eine eingehende und doch auch dem Laien verstandliche Einfuhrung in Karl Poppers Philosophie vor.Karl R. Popper (1902-1994) ist einer der bedeutendsten Philosophen des 20. Jahrhunderts. Sein 'Kritischer Rationalismus' hat Erkenntnistheorie und Sozialphilosophie stark beeinflusst. In seinem Hauptwerk 'Logik der Forschung' entwickelt er die Wissenschaftstheorie des Kritischen Rationalismus. Im Zentrum steht der Gedanke der Fehlbarkeit allen Wissens. Weil es unmoglich ist, Theorien zu beweisen, konnen wir nur Irrtumer ausraumen, indem wir Theorien an der Erfahrung prufen. Durch Versuch und Irrtum schreiten wir in der Erkenntnis fort und nahern uns der Wahrheit. In seinem politisch wichtigsten Werk 'Die offene Gesellschaft und ihre Feinde' setzt sich Karl Popper mit Plato, Hegel und Marx auseinander, bei denen er eine demokratiefeindliche politische Theorie findet. Daraufhin entwirft er selbst eine Demokratietheorie und schlagt eine 'Sozialtechnik der Einzelschritte' vor, die die Folgen politischen Handelns revidierbar halten soll.

Geschichte der konomischen Analyse

Author: Joseph A. Schumpeter
Publisher: Vandehoeck & Rupprecht
ISBN: 9783825284114
Format: PDF, Mobi
Download Now
Joseph Schumpeters "Geschichte der ökonomischen Analyse" gilt als Meilenstein einer dogmenhistorischen Aufarbeitung wirtschaftswissenschaftlichen Denkens. Schumpeters Studie reicht von den Anfängen ökonomischer Analyse im antiken Wirtschaftsdenken bis hin zur modernen keynesianischen Makroökonomik. Neben dem einzigartigen enzyklopädischen Charakter der dogmenhistorischen Ausführungen basiert die analytische Bedeutung dieses Werks auf wissenschaftsphilosophischen Ausführungen, die die Diskussion zur Entwicklung der Wirtschaftstheorie methodologisch anreichern und dazu beitragen, sie in ihrem historisch-politischen Kontext einzubetten. Die Neuausgabe dieser lange vergriffenen deutschen Ausgabe wird erweitert um eine wirkungsgeschichtliche Einführung von Alexander Ebner.