Health Disparities in the United States

Author: Donald A. Barr
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 1421414767
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Outstanding Academic Title, Choice magazine The health care system in the United States has been called the best in the world. Yet wide health disparities persist between different social groups, and many Americans suffer from poorer health than people in other developed countries. Donald A. Barr's Health Disparities in the United States explores how socioeconomic status, race, and ethnicity interact with socioeconomic inequality to create and perpetuate these health disparities. Examining the significance of this gulf for the medical community, cultural subsets, and society at large, Barr offers potential policy- and physician-based solutions for reducing health inequity in the long term. This popular course book, which has been fully updated, now incorporates significant new material, including a chapter on the profound effects of inequality on child development, behavioral choices, and adult health status. An essential text for courses in public health, health policy, and sociology, the second edition analyzes the complex web of social forces that influence health outcomes in the United States. This book is a vital teaching tool and a comprehensive reference for social science and medical professionals.

Race Ethnicity and Health

Author: Thomas A. LaVeist
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118086988
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Race, Ethnicity and Health, Second Edition, is a new and critical selection of hallmark articles that address health disparities in America. It effectively documents the need for equal treatment and equal health status for minorities. Intended as a resource for faculty and students in public health as well as the social sciences, it will be also be valuable to public health administrators and frontline staff who serve diverse racial and ethnic populations. The book brings together the best peer reviewed research literature from the leading scholars and faculty in this growing field, providing a historical and political context for the study of health, race, and ethnicity, with key findings on disparities in access, use, and quality. This volume also examines the role of health care providers in health disparities and discusses the issue of matching patients and doctors by race. There has been considerable new research since the original manuscript’s preparation in 2001 and publication in 2002, and reflecting this, more than half the book is new content. New chapters cover: reflections on demographic changes in the US based on the current census; metrics and nomenclature for disparities; theories of genetic basis for disparities; the built environment; residential segregation; environmental health; occupational health; health disparities in integrated communities; Latino health; Asian populations; stress and health; physician/patient relationships; hospital treatment of minorities; the slavery hypertension hypothesis; geographic disparities; and intervention design.

Vulnerable Populations in the United States

Author: Leiyu Shi
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470873335
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Based on the authors' teaching and research at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and the Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California, the second edition of this landmark text offers a general framework for students, researchers, practitioners, and policymakers for learning about vulnerable populations. It contains in-depth data and information on major health and health care disparities by race or ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and health insurance coverage. It is thoroughly updated to include the latest data and trends and provides a detailed synthesis of recent and increasingly expansive programs and initiatives to remedy these disparities. To keep current with recent trends it incorporates the latest Healthy People 2020 objectives, includes new sections on real-world clinical examples, and discusses the impact of health care reform on vulnerable populations. The book's Web site includes instructor's materials that may be downloaded. Praise for the First Edition of Vulnerable Populations in the United States "An excellent primer for undergraduates and graduate students interested in vulnerable populations and health disparities." —New England Journal of Medicine "Combines thoughtful, coherent theory with a large amount of information available in a single source. It will prove to be a valuable resource for policymakers, researchers, teachers, and students alike for years to come." —Journal of the American Medical Association "A very worthwhile read for health care administrators, health policy analysts, public health and health promotion practitioners, students of public health, and health researchers." —Inquiry "It makes clear that, for political, social, and economic (as well as moral) reasons, the country must increasingly make vulnerable populations a national health policy priority." —Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved "I have reviewed a number of books looking for meaningful content to help my students understand and work with vulnerable populations. This is the most comprehensive, yet understandable book on the topic." —Doody's Reviews "Provides much-needed guidance to policymakers challenged with providing solutions to this embarrassing issue in the United States." —F. Douglas Scutchfield, MD, Peter P. Bosomworth Professor of Health Services Research and Policy, University of Kentucky Companion Web site: www.josseybass.com/go/shi

Population Based Nursing Second Edition

Author: Ann L. Curley, PhD, RN
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
ISBN: 0826130496
Format: PDF, ePub
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Now in its second edition, this continues to be the only advanced practice nursing text to focus on core competencies in both epidemiology and population health. The new edition delivers essential content for Doctoral Nursing Programs (DNP) as outlined by the AACN, and encompasses the many changes in healthcare that affect population-based nursing, including the latest requirements set forth by the enactment of the ACA. All chapters include updated information, new content, and relevant case examples that exemplify successful strategies nurses have used to improve population outcomes. Featuring the contributions of several esteemed new authors, the second edition includes a timely new chapter on global health in population-based nursing and vital information about how new technology and social media can be used to improve population outcomes and to develop innovative solutions. The text describes the role of the APRN in identifying and mitigating healthcare disparities at the national and global level, and provides guidance on how to conduct community assessments. New topics include pay for performance implemented by the S, the overconsumption of salt and increasing use of electronic cigarettes, toxic stress, and more. High-level discussion questions and exercises help to reinforce core concepts. New online materials for faculty include answers to problem sets and supplemental discussion questions. In addition to its value as a primary course textbook in a DNP program, the text also serves as a supplementary text for graduate community health nursing programs. New to the Second Edition: Delivers essential content for Doctoral Nursing Practice (DNP) programs as outlined by the AACN Explains how new technology and social media can be used to improve population outcomes and develop innovative interventions Offers high-level exercises and questions for discussion Presents a timely new chapter on global health in population-based nursing Covers ACA-related requirements such as conducting community health needs assessmentsProvides updated information in all chapters with relevant examples, case studies, discussion questions, and references Offers guidelines on the APRNís role in policy-making Presents expanded information on causality, confounding, and describes a comprehensive approach to measuring and interpreting survival data including prognosis Updates program design and development Key Features: Focuses on both epidemiology and population-based nursing competencies Describes the APRN role in identifying and mitigating healthcare disparities at local, national, and global levels Provides guidance in conducting community assessments Includes examples of successful strategies used to improve population outcomes Explains how new technology and social media can be used for the improvement of population outcomes and the development of new and creative interventions. Provides a strong foundation in epidemiologic methodology including mortality measures, the validity and reliability of testing, study designs, sample size, assessing risk and causality, and data analysis and interpretation Offers high-level exercises and questions for discussion to help students synthesize, integrate, and apply information

Introduction to Public Health Second Edition

Author: Raymond L. Goldsteen, DrPH
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
ISBN: 0826196667
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The only public health text to incorporate new Affordable Care Act legislation Praise for the first edition: "More than just another preliminary textbook, this comprehensive introduction for those who are new to the field of public health weaves together its values, goals, and practices into a lucid introductory text." —Sally Guttmacher, PhD Professor, Director, Master’s in Community Public Health Program New York University This second edition of Introduction to Public Health is the only text to encompass the new legislation implemented by the Affordable Care Act, with its focus on prevention and its increase in funding for prevention research. Updated and thoroughly revised, this foundational resource surveys all major topics related to the U.S. public health system, including organization on local and national levels, financing, workforce, goals, initiatives, accountability, and metrics. The text is unique in combining the perspectives of both academicians and public health officials, and examines new job opportunities and the growing interest in the public health field. Comprehensive and accessible, the text discusses a variety of new trends in public health, particularly regarding primary care and public health partnerships. The second edition also includes information about new accountability initiatives and workforce requirements to contribute to health services research and clinical outcomes research in medical care. The text stresses the increasing emphasis on efficiency, effectiveness, and equity in achieving population health improvements, and goes beyond merely presenting information to analyze the question of whether the practice of public health achieves its promise. Each chapter includes objectives, review questions, and case studies. Also included are an instructor’s manual with test questions (covering every major public health improvement initiative and introducing every major data system sponsored by the U.S. public health system) and PowerPoint slides. The book’s nine chapters address the history of U.S. public health from its inception and offer a sweeping examination of topics in organization and financing, infectious disease control, injury and noninfectious diseases, system performance, system improvement, public health leadership, building healthy communities, and the future of public health. New to the Second Edition: Completely updated and revised Addresses changes brought about by Obamacare Discusses building healthy communities and the determinants of health Adds new chapter on public health leadership Covers new developments in treating Lyme disease, West Nile virus, and other illnesses Investigates intentional injuries such as suicide, homicide, and war Key Features: Provides information that is holistic, comprehensive, and accessible Covers all major topics of organization, financing, leadership, goals, initiatives, accountability, and metrics Relates current public health practice to the field’s history and mission Analyzes successful and unsuccessful aspects of health care delivery

GIS and Public Health

Author: Ellen K. Cromley
Publisher: Guilford Press
ISBN: 1609187504
Format: PDF, ePub
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Authoritative and comprehensive, this is the leading text and professional resource on using geographic information systems (GIS) to analyze and address public health problems. Basic GIS concepts and tools are explained, including ways to access and manage spatial databases. The book presents state-of-the-art methods for mapping and analyzing data on population, health events, risk factors, and health services, and for incorporating geographical knowledge into planning and policy. Numerous maps, diagrams, and real-world applications are featured. The companion Web page provides lab exercises with data that can be downloaded for individual or course use. New to This Edition *Incorporates major technological advances, such as Internet-based mapping systems and the rise of data from cell phones and other GPS-enabled devices. *Chapter on health disparities. *Expanded coverage of public participation GIS. *Companion Web page has all-new content. *Goes beyond the United States to encompass an international focus.

Clinical Management of Children With Cochlear Implants Second Edition

Author: Laurie S. Eisenberg
Publisher: Plural Publishing
ISBN: 194488324X
Format: PDF, Mobi
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A comprehensive volume written by leading researchers, clinicians, and educators in the field, Clinical Management of Children With Cochlear Implants, Second Edition offers a guide for practitioners, instructors, and students. The book builds on over thirty-five years of collective experience in pediatric cochlear implantation and addresses contemporary practices. The authors share their expertise in such disciplines as otolaryngology, pediatrics, audiology, speech-language pathology, habilitation, education, electrophysiology, psychology, and clinical research. Although many of the chapters from the first edition remain relevant today, the field continues to evolve with advancements in technology, expanding indications, and patient demographics. The second edition reflects these changes with new topics and expanded updates, presenting up-to-date research findings with implications for clinical management of the pediatric implant population. New to this edition: New chapters on neurocognitive assessment, dual language learning, early literacy, family-centered habilitation, and development of evidence-based programsExpanded chapters on device programming, education, and auditory brainstem implantsUpdates in research and clinical practices in assessment and management

Community Based Participatory Health Research Second Edition

Author: Daniel S. Blumenthal, MD, MPH
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
ISBN: 0826193978
Format: PDF, Docs
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ìCommunity-Based Participatory Research (CBPR) has become the preferred model for conducting research in communities. Most scientists who conduct such research now recognize that working in partnership with the community is preferable, and more ethical, than conducting research on a communityÖ. As Surgeon General of the United States, I direct a number of programs aimed at encouraging Americans to avoid tobacco, engage in physical activity, consume more nutritious diets, and protect their health in other ways. We need more effective methods to persuade, motivate, and enable individuals and communities to adopt these healthier lifestyles, and it is through CBPR that we will be able to discover these methods.î From the Foreword by Regina M. Benjamin, MD, MBA, U.S. Surgeon General ìThe editors of this book bring together in one place both a description of epidemiological methods and a discussion of community-level issues. It is a volume that will prove useful to those who wish to conduct contemporary community-based research.î ñ Praise for the First Edition from the Foreword David Satcher, Former Surgeon General of the United States This second edition of a highly regarded textbook on the foundations of and strategies for achieving fertile community-based health care research has been completely revised and updated. It now includes new chapters on translating research into practice, evaluating research, and applying community-based participatory research (CBPR) principles to service, education, and evaluation. The book also updates a crucial chapter on the voices of community stakeholders and an important study of the ethical issues surrounding the Tuskegee Syphilis Study. Edited by renowned professors of community-based research, the text is distinguished by its how-to approach and focus on practical research methods. The text discusses the unique challenges of conducting CBPR and addresses ways to build and sustain community partnerships. It explores ethical issues regarding health care research, includes input from community stakeholders, and describes national and international support for CBPR. Research methods covered include qualitative studies, surveys, and intervention trials. Applications of CBPR illustrate how to translate research into practice and community-based participatory approaches to service, education, and evaluation. The second edition includes new chapters on: Building and sustaining researcher/community partnerships National and international investments in and support for CBPR Surveys and methods for conducting CBPR Translating research into practice Community-based participatory approaches to service, education, and evaluation

101 Careers in Social Work Second Edition

Author: Dr. Jessica A. Ritter, BSW, MSSW, PhD
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
ISBN: 0826129064
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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PRAISE FOR THE FIRST EDITION: "This is a vital and necessary guide to the social work profession. This book clarifies the social work mission, goals, and objectives, and strengthens and promotes them as well." óCarmen Ortiz Hendricks, MSW, DSW, ACSW, LCSW Professor & Dean, Wurzweiler School of Social Work, Yeshiva University "The authors do an excellent job of illustrating the uniqueness, diversity, and richness of the profession. I strongly recommend this book for use in social work orientation, advising, and education." óSaundra Starks, EdD, LCSW, Professor, Western Kentucky University What do documentary filmmakers, conflict mediators, forensic social workers, researchers, mental health practitioners, human services administrators, medical social workers, and policy advocates have in common? They are all potential careers for social workers. The second edition of this popular guide to social work careers has been completely updated and expanded to reflect current trends in social work education and social work practice, including the employment outlook in various fields of practice, current accreditation standards, core competencies, and licensing requirements, along with new opportunities for social workers resulting from health care reform and the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. With a focus on the interdisciplinary nature of social work, the book describes both traditional careers and those that are off the beaten path in such arenas as forensic social work, social entrepreneurship, working in political systems, international careers, and community practice. Well organized and written in a conversational tone, each chapter describes a particular social work domain, illustrating specific careers within that field including best features, challenges, required core competencies and skills, and educational and licensing requirements needed to succeed. For each career the book also discusses employment outlook and includes recommended references for more in-depth information. Vivid stories from social workers across the country further help readers to choose a career that is a good fit. Additionally, the book includes updated job-hunting tools and websites, including international opportunities, and ways to offset the high cost of higher education. Questionnaires and self-assessment checklists provide additional fodder to help readers choose a social work career tailored to their unique talents, interests, and passions. New to the Second Edition: Presents updated accreditation standards, core competencies, and licensing requirements Describes new opportunities for social workers resulting from health care reform and the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act Discusses the impact of our current social, economic, and political climate on the profession Includes new career-planning and job-hunting tools Addresses how students can offset the high cost of higher education