Heidegger and the Myth of a Jewish World Conspiracy

Author: Peter Trawny
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022630373X
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The world-historical antagonist of this narrative, however, has remained hitherto undisclosed: the Jews, or more specifically "world Judaism." As Trawny shows, world Judaism emerges for Heidegger as a racialized, destructive, technological threat to the German homeland, indeed to any homeland. Trawny pinpoints recurrent anti-Semitic themes in the Notebooks, including Heidegger's adoption of crude cultural stereotypes, his assigning of racial reasons to philsophical decisions (even undermining his Jewish teacher, Edmund Husserl), his especially damning endorsement of a Jewish "world conspiracy" (such as that proposed by the Protocols of the Elders of Zion), and his first published remarks on the extermination camps and gas chambers under the troubling aegis of a Jewish "self-annihilation." Trawny concludes with a thoughtful meditation on how Heidegger's achievements might still be valued despite these horrifying facets of his thought.

Freedom to Fail

Author: Peter Trawny
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0745695264
Format: PDF, ePub
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Martin Heidegger is widely regarded as one of the most influential philosophers of the twentieth-century, and his seminal text Being and Time is considered one of the most significant texts in contemporary philosophy. Yet his name has also been mired in controversy because of his affiliations with the Nazi regime, his failure to criticize its genocidal politics and his subsequent silence about the holocaust. Now, according to Heidegger's wishes, and to complete the publication of his multi-volume Complete Works, his highly controversial and secret 'Black Notebooks' have been released to the public. These notebooks reveal the extent to which Heidegger's 'personal Nazism' was neither incidental nor opportunistic, but part of his philosophical ethos. So, why would Heidegger, far from destroying them, allow these notebooks, which contain examples of this extreme thinking, to be published? In this revealing new book, Peter Trawny, editor of Heidegger's complete works in German, confronts these questions and, by way of a compelling study of his theoretical work, shows that Heidegger was committed to a conception of freedom that is only beholden to the judgement of the history of being; that is, that to be free means to be free from the prejudices, norms, or mores of one's time. Whoever thinks the truth of being freely exposes themselves to the danger of epochal errancy. For this reason, Heidegger's decision to publish his notebooks, including their anti-Jewish passages, was an exercise of this anarchical freedom. In the course of a wide-ranging discussion of Heidegger's views on truth, ethics, the truth of being, tragedy and his relationship to other figures such as Nietzsche and Schmitt, Trawny provides a compelling argument for why Heidegger wanted the explosive material in his Black Notebooks to be published, whilst also offering an original and provocative interpretation of Heidegger's work.

Heidegger s Black Notebooks

Author: Andrew J. Mitchell
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231544383
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The 2014 publication of the first three volumes of Martin Heidegger’s Black Notebooks, the philosopher’s private writings from the war years, sparked international controversy. While Heidegger’s engagement with National Socialism was well known, as were a handful of his private anti-Semitic comments, the Black Notebooks showed for the first time that this anti-Semitism was not merely a personal resentment.The notebooks contain not just anti-Semitic remarks but anti-Semitism deeply embedded in the language of his thought. In them, Heidegger tried to assign a philosophical significance to anti-Semitism, with “the Jew” or “world Judaism” cast as antagonist in his project. How, then, are we to engage with a philosophy that, no matter how significant, seems contaminated by anti-Semitism? This book brings together an international group of scholars from a variety of disciplines to discuss the ramifications of the Black Notebooks for philosophy and the humanities at large. Bettina Bergo, Robert Bernasconi, Martin Gessmann, Sander Gilman, Peter E. Gordon, Hans Ulrich Gumbrecht, Michael Marder, Eduardo Mendieta, Richard Polt, Tom Rockmore, Peter Trawny, and Slavoj Žižek discuss issues including anti-Semitism in the Black Notebooks and Heidegger’s thought more broadly, such as German conceptions of Jews and Judaism, Heidegger’s notions of metaphysics, and anti-Semitism’s entanglement with Heidegger’s views on modernity and technology, grappling with material as provocative as it is deplorable. In contrast to both those who seek to exonerate Heidegger and those who simply condemn him, and rather than an all-or-nothing view of Heidegger’s anti-Semitism, they urge careful reading and rereading of his work to turn Heideggerian thought against itself. These measured and thoughtful responses to one of the major scandals in the history of philosophy unflinchingly take up the tangled and contested legacy of Heideggerian thought.

Heidegger and Nazism

Author: Víctor Farías
Publisher: Temple University Press
ISBN: 9780877228301
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The first book to document Heidegger's close connections to Nazism-now available to a new generation of students

Of Spirit

Author: Jacques Derrida
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226143194
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"I shall speak of ghost, of flame, and of ashes." These are the first words of Jacques Derrida's lecture on Heidegger. It is again a question of Nazism—of what remains to be thought through of Nazism in general and of Heidegger's Nazism in particular. It is also "politics of spirit" which at the time people thought—they still want to today—to oppose to the inhuman. "Derrida's ruminations should intrigue anyone interested in Post-Structuralism. . . . . This study of Heidegger is a fine example of how Derrida can make readers of philosophical texts notice difficult problems in almost imperceptible details of those texts."—David Hoy, London Review of Books "Will a more important book on Heidegger appear in our time? No, not unless Derrida continues to think and write in his spirit. . . . Let there be no mistake: this is not merely a brilliant book on Heidegger, it is thinking in the grand style."—David Farrell Krell, Research in Phenomenology "The analysis of Heidegger is brilliant, provocative, elusive."—Peter C. Hodgson, Religious Studies Review

Heidegger s Confessions

Author: Ryan Coyne
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022620930X
Format: PDF
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Heidegger's Paul -- The cogito out-of-reach -- The remains of Christian theology -- Testimony and the irretrievable in being and time -- Temporality and transformation, or Augustine through the turn -- On retraction -- Conclusion : difference and de-theologization.

On Hitler s Mein Kampf

Author: Albrecht Koschorke
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262533332
Format: PDF, Kindle
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An examination of the narrative strategies employed in the most dangerous book of the twentieth century and a reflection on totalitarian literature.

Heidegger

Author: Jacques Derrida
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022635511X
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The present work is the fourth volume of the twenty projected volumes of our "Seminars of Jacques Derrida Series" edited by Geoffrey Bennington and Peggy Kamuf. The work derives from an early phase of Derrida s teaching at the Ecole Normale Superieur at Ulm from 1964-5. In this course Derrida presents an almost surgically precise reading of Heidegger s "Being and Time "based on the original German text most of which had not yet been translated into French. The course thus marks the very beginning of the study of Heidegger s work in French higher education. It also heralds the analyses of Heidegger s work that Derrida would go on to propose, not only in the years immediately following, but also others that come much later. He frequently returned in subsequent published works to one particular paragraph of Sein und Zeit, ( 72 on thrownness ), so central to this 1964-5 course, and to another sustained exchange with Heidegger, whose central theme of inauthenticity is clearly broached here. One can also observe here how Derrida s thinking is settling into place and is elaborating its major operative concepts: writing, text, and graft. On the other hand, the very term deconstruction, explicitly proposed as a translation of "Destruktion," is several times put aside here in favor of other translations such as solicitation and shaking up, which will, with a few exceptions, not be retained in Derrida s thinking. It is only much later that Derrida will lay claim to the word deconstruction and develop it in numerous ways. The work is thus essential for scholars of Heidegger, French philosophy, and Derrida himself."

The Problem of Genesis in Husserl s Philosophy

Author: Jacques Derrida
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226143155
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Derrida's first book-length work, The Problem of Genesis in Husserl's Philosophy, was originally written as a dissertation for his diplôme d'études supérieures in 1953 and 1954. Surveying Husserl's major works on phenomenology, Derrida reveals what he sees as an internal tension in Husserl's central notion of genesis, and gives us our first glimpse into the concerns and frustrations that would later lead Derrida to abandon phenomenology and develop his now famous method of deconstruction. For Derrida, the problem of genesis in Husserl's philosophy is that both temporality and meaning must be generated by prior acts of the transcendental subject, but transcendental subjectivity must itself be constituted by an act of genesis. Hence, the notion of genesis in the phenomenological sense underlies both temporality and atemporality, history and philosophy, resulting in a tension that Derrida sees as ultimately unresolvable yet central to the practice of phenomenology. Ten years later, Derrida moved away from phenomenology entirely, arguing in his introduction to Husserl's posthumously published Origin of Geometry and his own Speech and Phenomena that the phenomenological project has neither resolved this tension nor expressly worked with it. The Problem of Genesis complements these other works, showing the development of Derrida's approach to phenomenology as well as documenting the state of phenomenological thought in France during a particularly fertile period, when Levinas, Sartre, Merleau-Ponty, Ricoeur, and Tran-Duc-Thao, as well as Derrida, were all working through it. But the book is most important in allowing us to follow Derrida's own development as a philosopher by tracing the roots of his later work in deconstruction to these early critical reflections on Husserl's phenomenology. "A dissertation is not merely a prerequisite for an academic job. It may set the stage for a scholar's life project. So, the doctoral dissertations of Max Weber and Jacques Derrida, never before available in English, may be of more than passing interest. In June, the University of Chicago Press will publish Mr. Derrida's dissertation, The Problem of Genesis in Husserl's Philosophy, which the French philosopher wrote in 1953-54 as a doctoral student, and which did not appear in French until 1990. From the start, Mr Derrida displayed his inventive linguistic style and flouting of convention."—Danny Postel, Chronicle of Higher Education