Heterogeneous Catalysis of Mixed Oxides

Author: M. Misono
Publisher: Newnes
ISBN: 0444538348
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Mixed oxides are the most widely used catalyst materials for industrial catalytic processes. The principal objective of this book is to describe systematically the mixed oxide catalysts, from their fundamentals through their practical applications. After describing concisely general items concerning mixed oxide and mixed oxide catalysts, two important mixed oxide catalyst materials, namely, heteropolyacids and perovskites, are taken as typical examples and discussed in detail. These two materials have several advantages: 1. They are, respectively, typical examples of salts of oxoacids and double oxide, that is, the two main categories of mixed oxides in solid state chemistry. 2. Both exhibit excellent catalytic performance in nearly crystalline state and are used in several industrial applications. 3. They have studied for many years. In addition, metal oxides functioning as a catalyst support (carrier) are included. Although the supports are very important in practical applications, and tremendous progress has been made in the past decades, few systematic reviews exist. It is notable that heteropolyacids and perovskite exhibit unique performance when used as a support. Fundamental catalytic science and technology and solid state chemistry necessary is presented for the proper understanding of mixed oxide catalysts as well as for R&D. For the latter, the concept of design of practical catalysts is very important. This is considered throughout the book. Systematically describes design principles of mixed oxide catalysts Shows how catalysis and solid-state chemistry of metal oxides are inter-related Covers all useful basic concepts of mixed oxide catalysis

Heterogeneous Catalysis of Mixed Oxides

Author: Makoto Misono
Publisher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
ISBN: 0128081090
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The chemistry of metal oxides, both single and mixed metal oxides, relevant to heterogeneous catalysis such as relationships among the composition, structure, and chemical properties of mixed oxides, is provided in perspective. The important chemical properties in heterogeneous catalysis are acid–base and reduction–oxidation (redox) properties, where ionic radii, electronegativity, valency, and tendency to form covalent bond of constituent elements are most influential. Structural factors such as lattice defects and nonstoichiometry are also relevant. Although the surface of metal oxides is different from the solid bulk and changes depending on various factors, the surface reflects more or less the solid bulk and the knowledge of bulk properties is useful to understand the catalysis of mixed oxides. In some cases, the solid bulk actually takes part in catalysis. Other fundamental features of metal oxide catalysis like synergistic effects of more than two different active sites (acid and base, acid and oxidation, etc.) are also discussed.

Energetic Nanomaterials

Author: Vladimir E Zarko
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0128027150
Format: PDF, ePub
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Energetic Nanomaterials: Synthesis, Characterization, and Application provides researchers in academia and industry the most novel and meaningful knowledge on nanoenergetic materials, covering the fundamental chemical aspects from synthesis to application. This valuable resource fills the current gap in book publications on nanoenergetics, the energetic nanomaterials that are applied in explosives, gun and rocket propellants, and pyrotechnic devices, which are expected to yield improved properties, such as a lower vulnerability towards shock initiation, enhanced blast, and environmentally friendly replacements of currently used materials. The current lack of a systematic and easily available book in this field has resulted in an underestimation of the input of nanoenergetic materials to modern technologies. This book is an indispensable resource for researchers in academia, industry, and research institutes dealing with the production and characterization of energetic materials all over the world. Written by high-level experts in the field of nanoenergetics Covers the hot topic of energetic nanomaterials, including nanometals and their applications in nanoexplosives Fills a gap in energetic nanomaterials book publications

Nanocomposites for Visible Light induced Photocatalysis

Author: Mohammad Mansoob Khan
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319624466
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book details the chemistry of visible light-induced photocatalysis using different classes of nanocomposites. Starting with a general introduction and explanation of basic principles and mechanisms of (visible) light-induced photocatalysis in the first two chapters (not omitting a plaidoyer for furthering research and development in this promising field), the following chapters detail the different types and classes of nanocomposites currently used in light-induced photocatalytic applications, including e.g. metal and mixed metal-oxide nanoparticles and –composites, nanoporous materials, polymeric and carbon-based nanocomposites. They explain the characteristics and importance of the different types of nanocomposites, as well as their synthesis and fabrication.In the end of the book an outlook on the unique applications of novel nanocomposites is offered, for example in water treatment and disinfection and removal of pollutants from wastewater, self-cleaning window panes based on photoactive materials, and many more. The book also addresses the challenges in present photocatalytic research, and therefore is a must-read for everybody interested in the developing field of nanocomposites and visible light-induced photocatalysis.

Catalysis in Application

Author: D Lennon
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN: 1847550347
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Although catalysts are responsible for the manufacture and processing of a number of products in daily use, the subject of catalysis is still very much in its infancy, and the complexity of the processes still present major challenges. Catalysis in Application presents a snapshot of the most up-to-date developments in the field of applied catalysis. Coverage is principally in the areas of hydrogenation, dehydrogenation, chiral catalysis, environmental catalysis and catalyst deactivation, combining a unique mix of chemistry and chemical engineering. With its wide-ranging coverage, this book will be a welcome addition to the shelves of every practitioner in catalysis, both in industry and academia.

Issues in Chemistry and General Chemical Research 2011 Edition

Publisher: ScholarlyEditions
ISBN: 1464963290
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Issues in Chemistry and General Chemical Research: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Chemistry and General Chemical Research. The editors have built Issues in Chemistry and General Chemical Research: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Chemistry and General Chemical Research in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Chemistry and General Chemical Research: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.