Hidden Markov Models for Time Series

Author: Walter Zucchini
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420010893
Format: PDF
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Reveals How HMMs Can Be Used as General-Purpose Time Series Models Implements all methods in R Hidden Markov Models for Time Series: An Introduction Using R applies hidden Markov models (HMMs) to a wide range of time series types, from continuous-valued, circular, and multivariate series to binary data, bounded and unbounded counts, and categorical observations. It also discusses how to employ the freely available computing environment R to carry out computations for parameter estimation, model selection and checking, decoding, and forecasting. Illustrates the methodology in action After presenting the simple Poisson HMM, the book covers estimation, forecasting, decoding, prediction, model selection, and Bayesian inference. Through examples and applications, the authors describe how to extend and generalize the basic model so it can be applied in a rich variety of situations. They also provide R code for some of the examples, enabling the use of the codes in similar applications. Effectively interpret data using HMMs This book illustrates the wonderful flexibility of HMMs as general-purpose models for time series data. It provides a broad understanding of the models and their uses.

Earthquake Statistical Analysis through Multi state Modeling

Author: Irene Votsi
Publisher: Wiley-ISTE
ISBN: 1786301504
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Earthquake occurrence modeling is a rapidly developing research area. This book deals with its critical issues, ranging from theoretical advances to practical applications. The introductory chapter outlines state-of-the-art earthquake modeling approaches based on stochastic models. Chapter 2 presents seismogenesis in association with the evolving stress field. Chapters 3 to 5 present earthquake occurrence modeling by means of hidden (semi-)Markov models and discuss associated characteristic measures and relative estimation aspects. Further comparisons, the most important results and our concluding remarks are provided in Chapters 6 and 7.

Nonparametric Models for Longitudinal Data

Author: Colin O. Wu
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0429939086
Format: PDF, ePub
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Nonparametric Models for Longitudinal Data with Implementations in R presents a comprehensive summary of major advances in nonparametric models and smoothing methods with longitudinal data. It covers methods, theories, and applications that are particularly useful for biomedical studies in the era of big data and precision medicine. It also provides flexible tools to describe the temporal trends, covariate effects and correlation structures of repeated measurements in longitudinal data. This book is intended for graduate students in statistics, data scientists and statisticians in biomedical sciences and public health. As experts in this area, the authors present extensive materials that are balanced between theoretical and practical topics. The statistical applications in real-life examples lead into meaningful interpretations and inferences. Features: Provides an overview of parametric and semiparametric methods Shows smoothing methods for unstructured nonparametric models Covers structured nonparametric models with time-varying coefficients Discusses nonparametric shared-parameter and mixed-effects models Presents nonparametric models for conditional distributions and functionals Illustrates implementations using R software packages Includes datasets and code in the authors’ website Contains asymptotic results and theoretical derivations Both authors are mathematical statisticians at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and have published extensively in statistical and biomedical journals. Colin O. Wu earned his Ph.D. in statistics from the University of California, Berkeley (1990), and is also Adjunct Professor at the Georgetown University School of Medicine. He served as Associate Editor for Biometrics and Statistics in Medicine, and reviewer for National Science Foundation, NIH, and the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs. Xin Tian earned her Ph.D. in statistics from Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey (2003). She has served on various NIH committees and collaborated extensively with clinical researchers.

Diagnostic Checks in Time Series

Author: Wai Keung Li
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780203485606
Format: PDF, ePub
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Diagnostic checking is an important step in the modeling process. But while the literature on diagnostic checks is quite extensive and many texts on time series modeling are available, it still remains difficult to find a book that adequately covers methods for performing diagnostic checks. Diagnostic Checks in Time Series helps to fill that gap. Author Wai Keung Li--one of the world's top authorities in time series modeling--concentrates on diagnostic checks for stationary time series and covers a range of different linear and nonlinear models, from various ARMA, threshold type, and bilinear models to conditional non-Gaussian and autoregressive heteroscedasticity (ARCH) models. Because of its broad applicability, the portmanteau goodness-of-fit test receives particular attention, as does the score test. Unlike most treatments, the author's approach is a practical one, and he looks at each topic through the eyes of a model builder rather than a mathematical statistician. This book brings together the widely scattered literature on the subject, and with clear explanations and focus on applications, it guides readers through the final stages of their modeling efforts. With Diagnostic Checks in Time Series, you will understand the relative merits of the models discussed, know how to estimate these models, and often find ways to improve a model.

Complex Stochastic Systems

Author: O.E. Barndorff-Nielsen
Publisher: Chapman and Hall/CRC
ISBN: 9781584881582
Format: PDF, Docs
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Complex stochastic systems comprises a vast area of research, from modelling specific applications to model fitting, estimation procedures, and computing issues. The exponential growth in computing power over the last two decades has revolutionized statistical analysis and led to rapid developments and great progress in this emerging field. In Complex Stochastic Systems, leading researchers address various statistical aspects of the field, illustrated by some very concrete applications. A Primer on Markov Chain Monte Carlo by Peter J. Green provides a wide-ranging mixture of the mathematical and statistical ideas, enriched with concrete examples and more than 100 references. Causal Inference from Graphical Models by Steffen L. Lauritzen explores causal concepts in connection with modelling complex stochastic systems, with focus on the effect of interventions in a given system. State Space and Hidden Markov Models by Hans R. Künschshows the variety of applications of this concept to time series in engineering, biology, finance, and geophysics. Monte Carlo Methods on Genetic Structures by Elizabeth A. Thompson investigates special complex systems and gives a concise introduction to the relevant biological methodology. Renormalization of Interacting Diffusions by Frank den Hollander presents recent results on the large space-time behavior of infinite systems of interacting diffusions. Stein's Method for Epidemic Processes by Gesine Reinert investigates the mean field behavior of a general stochastic epidemic with explicit bounds. Individually, these articles provide authoritative, tutorial-style exposition and recent results from various subjects related to complex stochastic systems. Collectively, they link these separate areas of study to form the first comprehensive overview of this rapidly developing field.

R in a Nutshell

Author: Joseph Adler
Publisher: O'Reilly Germany
ISBN: 3897216507
Format: PDF, ePub
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Wozu sollte man R lernen? Da gibt es viele Gründe: Weil man damit natürlich ganz andere Möglichkeiten hat als mit einer Tabellenkalkulation wie Excel, aber auch mehr Spielraum als mit gängiger Statistiksoftware wie SPSS und SAS. Anders als bei diesen Programmen hat man nämlich direkten Zugriff auf dieselbe, vollwertige Programmiersprache, mit der die fertigen Analyse- und Visualisierungsmethoden realisiert sind – so lassen sich nahtlos eigene Algorithmen integrieren und komplexe Arbeitsabläufe realisieren. Und nicht zuletzt, weil R offen gegenüber beliebigen Datenquellen ist, von der einfachen Textdatei über binäre Fremdformate bis hin zu den ganz großen relationalen Datenbanken. Zudem ist R Open Source und erobert momentan von der universitären Welt aus die professionelle Statistik. R kann viel. Und Sie können viel mit R machen – wenn Sie wissen, wie es geht. Willkommen in der R-Welt: Installieren Sie R und stöbern Sie in Ihrem gut bestückten Werkzeugkasten: Sie haben eine Konsole und eine grafische Benutzeroberfläche, unzählige vordefinierte Analyse- und Visualisierungsoperationen – und Pakete, Pakete, Pakete. Für quasi jeden statistischen Anwendungsbereich können Sie sich aus dem reichen Schatz der R-Community bedienen. Sprechen Sie R! Sie müssen Syntax und Grammatik von R nicht lernen – wie im Auslandsurlaub kommen Sie auch hier gut mit ein paar aufgeschnappten Brocken aus. Aber es lohnt sich: Wenn Sie wissen, was es mit R-Objekten auf sich hat, wie Sie eigene Funktionen schreiben und Ihre eigenen Pakete schnüren, sind Sie bei der Analyse Ihrer Daten noch flexibler und effektiver. Datenanalyse und Statistik in der Praxis: Anhand unzähliger Beispiele aus Medizin, Wirtschaft, Sport und Bioinformatik lernen Sie, wie Sie Daten aufbereiten, mithilfe der Grafikfunktionen des lattice-Pakets darstellen, statistische Tests durchführen und Modelle anpassen. Danach werden Ihnen Ihre Daten nichts mehr verheimlichen.

Regression

Author: Ludwig Fahrmeir
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642018378
Format: PDF, ePub
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In dem Band beschreiben die Autoren erstmals klassische Regressionsansätze und moderne nicht- und semiparametrische Methoden in einer integrierten und anwendungsorientierten Form. Um Lesern die Analyse eigener Fragestellungen zu ermöglichen, demonstrieren sie die praktische Anwendung der Konzepte und Methoden anhand ausführlicher Fallstudien. Geeignet für Studierende der Statistik sowie für Wissenschaftler und Praktiker, zum Beispiel in den Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaften, der Bioinformatik und -statistik, Ökonometrie und Epidemiologie.