Higher Education Policies in Central and Eastern Europe

Author: M. Dobbins
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230297498
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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A political science perspective on higher education reform in Central and Eastern Europe. Examines the impact of historical institutions and transnational networking on institutions of higher education and assesses whether Poland, the Czech Republic, Bulgaria and Romania are converging towards a common model of market-based governance.

25 Years of Transformations of Higher Education Systems in Post Soviet Countries

Author: Jeroen Huisman
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319529803
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This open access book is a result of the first ever study of the transformations of the higher education institutional landscape in fifteen former USSR countries after the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991. It explores how the single Soviet model that developed across the vast and diverse territory of the Soviet Union over several decades has evolved into fifteen unique national systems, systems that have responded to national and global developments while still bearing some traces of the past. The book is distinctive as it presents a comprehensive analysis of the reforms and transformations in the region in the last 25 years; and it focuses on institutional landscape through the evolution of the institutional types established and developed in Pre-Soviet, Soviet and Post-Soviet time. It also embraces all fifteen countries of the former USSR, and provides a comparative analysis of transformations of institutional landscape across Post-Soviet systems. It will be highly relevant for students and researchers in the fields of higher education and and sociology, particularly those with an interest in historical and comparative studies.

Shaping of European Education

Author: Martin Lawn
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317750985
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The range, speed and scale of Europeanizing effects in education, and their complexity, has produced a relatively new field of study. Using scholarship and research drawn from sociology, politics and education, this book examines the rise of international and transnational policy and the flow of data and people around Europe to study Europeanizing processes and situations in education. Each chapter creates a space for policy research on European education, involving a range of disciplines to develop empirical studies about European institutions, networks and processes; the interplay between policy-makers, stakeholders, experts, and researchers; and the space between the European and the national. The volume investigates the construction of European education, exploring the consideration of the role of think tanks and consultancies, international organizations, researcher mobilities, standards, indicators of higher education, and cultural metaphor. Bringing together international contributors from a variety of disciplines across Europe, the book will be of key value to academics, researchers and postgraduate students in the fields of education studies, politics and sociology.

Liberal States and the Freedom of Movement

Author: Steffen Mau
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN: 0230277845
Format: PDF, ePub
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State borders are seen as institutions that regulate cross-border mobility and determine peoples' chances to travel, work, and study across the globe. This book looks at how global mobility is defined and regulated by theborders of liberal states. The central question is whether borders have become more permissive or more restrictive. In examining border-regime change over the past forty years, the authors find that chances for mobility are increasingly unequal. The new border arrangements define ever greater freedom of mobility for some groups and heavily restrict mobility for others. The authors assess changes in the selectivity of border policies over time and the different means by which such selectivity is enforced. -- Publisher description.

Higher Education Policy Convergence and the Bologna Process

Author: E. Voegtle
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137412798
Format: PDF
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What are the principal drivers of recent higher education reforms? This study investigates whether the soft governance mechanism of transnational communication has evoked cross-national policy harmonization. Results suggest that the Bologna Process has triggered substantial policy harmonization beyond general policy convergence.

The Oxford Handbook of Transformations of the State

Author: Stephan Leibfried
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191643254
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This Handbook offers a comprehensive treatment of transformations of the state, from its origins in different parts of the world and different time periods to its transformations since World War II in the advanced industrial countries, the post-Communist world, and the Global South. Leading experts in their fields, from Europe and North America, discuss conceptualizations and theories of the state and the transformations of the state in its engagement with a changing international environment as well as with changing domestic economic, social, and political challenges. The Handbook covers different types of states in the Global South (from failed to predatory, rentier and developmental), in different kinds of advanced industrial political economies (corporatist, statist, liberal, import substitution industrialization), and in various post-Communist countries (Russia, China, successor states to the USSR, and Eastern Europe). It also addresses crucial challenges in different areas of state intervention, from security to financial regulation, migration, welfare states, democratization and quality of democracy, ethno-nationalism, and human development. The volume makes a compelling case that far from losing its relevance in the face of globalization, the state remains a key actor in all areas of social and economic life, changing its areas of intervention, its modes of operation, and its structures in adaption to new international and domestic challenges.

Reform of Higher Education in Europe

Author: J. Enders
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9460915558
Format: PDF, ePub
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The volume ‘Reform of Higher Education in Europe’ is published in celebration of CHEPS’ 25th anniversary. All contributors to this book are working at CHEPS, and bring their extensive knowledge of the deep-seated reforms and changes to the field of higher education and research over the last 25 years. The chapters are each devoted to a detailed policy analysis deeply rooted in CHEPS’ quarter-century programme of theoretical and empirical research. Some contributions cover key themes of concern since CHEPS’ early years, including state-university relationships, quality assurance and funding. Other contributions cover more contemporary higher education policy issues, including European reform initiatives (innovation, the Bologna Process, doctoral training and the Erasmus programme) and debates around higher education institutions’ evolving functions, including the university’s third mission and the research function of universities of applied sciences. What unifies all chapters is their recognition that policy success is dependent on smart implementation grounded in a comprehensive understanding of highly complex policy processes. The book as a whole offers clear descriptions and analyses of how policy processes are implemented through co-ordinated institutional and stakeholder interventions. This volume seeks to enhance academic and policy-maker understanding of Europe’s evolving higher education system as it emerges as a cornerstone of the contemporary knowledge society.

Global University Rankings

Author: T. Erkkilä
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137296879
Format: PDF
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Global University Rankings explores the novel topic of global university rankings and their effects on higher education in Europe. The contributions in this volume outline different discourses on global university rankings and explore the related changes concerning European higher education policies, disciplinary traditions and higher education institutions. The first global university rankings were published less than a decade ago, but these policy instruments have become highly influential in shaping the approaches and institutional realities of higher education. The rankings have portrayed European academic institutions in a varying light. There is intense reflexivity over the figures, leading to ideational changes and institutional adaptation that take surprisingly similar forms in different European countries. The contributions in this book critically assess global university rankings as a policy discourse that would seem to be instrumental to higher education reform throughout Europe.

Higher Education in the 21st Century

Author: Philip G. Altbach
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780872062528
Format: PDF, Docs
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This collection of nine essays focuses on the challenges of providing higher education to growing numbers of students around the world. The essays include: (1) "Global Challenge and National Response: Notes for an International Dialogue on Higher Education" (Philip G. Altbach and Todd M. Davis); (2) "Global Challenges and the Chinese Response" (Min Weifang); (3) "The Transformation of an Imperial Colony into an Advanced Nation: India in Comparative Perspective" (Suma Chitnis); (4) "Higher Education in Africa: Challenges and Strategies for the 21st Century" (George S. Eshiwani); (5) "South Africa: Future Prospects" (Nasima Badsha); (6) "Latin America: National Responses to World Challenges in Higher Education" (Simon Schwartzman); (7) "Universal Problems and National Realities: Japan in Comparative Perspective" (Akimasa Mitsuta); (8) "Current Issues and Future Priorities for European Higher Education Systems" (Barbara Sporn); and (9) "A Regional Perspective: Central and Eastern Europe" (Peter Darvas). (Some essays contain references.) (MDM)