Historical Dictionary of New Religious Movements

Author: George D. Chryssides
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 0810861941
Format: PDF, Mobi
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In this newly updated second edition of the Historical Dictionary of New Religious Movements, George D. Chryssides traces the rise and development of new religious movements throughout the world. An updated introduction summarizes the phenomenon of new religious movements and lays out the changes to the dictionary since the 2001 edition, while the main body of the dictionary consists of close to 600 cross-referenced entries on key figures, ideas, themes, and places related to various new religious movements. An index organizes the information in the dictionary, and a comprehensive bibliography leads the researcher to further sources.

Historische Religionswissenschaft

Author: Jörg Rüpke
Publisher: W. Kohlhammer Verlag
ISBN: 9783170197961
Format: PDF, Docs
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Diese Einfuhrung will anhand ausgewahlter Beispiele den religionswissenschaftlichen Zugriff auf geschichtliche Befunde und die Bedeutung der Religionsgeschichte fur Religionswissenschaft anschaulich machen. Zu Beginn werden religionsgeschichtliche Texte und Medien neu in den Blick genommen. Im zweiten Teil stehen religioses Handeln, Rituale und die Frage der Interpretation im Mittelpunkt. Der dritte Teil widmet sich organisatorischen Aspekten von Religion. Abschliessend wird der Begriff der Religionswissenschaft selbst historisiert. Die umfangreiche Auswahlbibliographie zur Religionswissenschaft erweitert das Spektrum der Themen und versteht sich als Fuhrer vor allem fur Studierende durch die weite religionswissenschaftliche Literaturlandschaft.

Historical Dictionary of Jehovah s Witnesses

Author: George D. Chryssides
Publisher: Scarecrow Press
ISBN: 9780810862692
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Originating from a small group of Bible students led by Charles Taze Russell in the 1870s, the Watch Tower Society grew into an international society. After Russell's death in 1916, Franklin Rutherford was named his successor and gave the society a new name: 'Jehovah's Witnesses.' The Historical Dictionary of Jehovah's Witnesses shows how World War I & II influenced Watch Tower attitudes to civil government, armed conflict, and medical innovations like blood transfusion, as well as to mainstream churches and the development of Jehovah's Witnesses' door-to-door evangelism. The theme of prophecy, the doctrine of the 144,000, end-time calculations, Armageddon, and the Witnesses' denial of hell are all considered in the Historical Dictionary of Jehovah's Witnesses, which contains a chronology, an introductory essay, a bibliography, and 250 cross-referenced dictionary entries relating to key people and concepts.

Historical Dictionary of the Holiness Movement

Author: William Kostlevy
Publisher: Scarecrow Press
ISBN: 9780810863187
Format: PDF, ePub
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It is much harder to define a religious movement than it is to define a religion or denomination. That applies especially when that movement almost defies definition as the Holiness Movement does. The Holiness Movement is a Methodist religious renewal movement that has over 12 million adherents worldwide. Perhaps the most familiar public manifestation of the holiness movement has been its urban holiness missions, and the Salvation Army_noted for its service ministries among poor and people suffering the dislocations that accompany war and disaster_is the most notable example. In the second edition of the Historical Dictionary of the Holiness Movement, important new developments in the Holiness Movement_such as the widely discussed 'Holiness Manifesto'_are thoroughly discussed, and the content has also been expanded to include information on figures from Asia and Africa to reflect the continued growth of the Holiness Movement. With a chronology, an introductory essay, a bibliography, and over 400 cross-referenced dictionary entries, this reference has information that cannot be found elsewhere.

Historical Dictionary of New Age Movements

Author: Michael York
Publisher: Scarecrow Press
ISBN: 9780810848733
Format: PDF
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The Historical Dictionary of New Age Movements is a reference manual presenting the key concepts, activities, groups, people, and overlapping domains of the contemporary spirituality known as New Age. The focus includes historical antecedents as well as contemporary strategies for change and survival that link the groups and movements variously identifiable within the New Age rubric as an increasingly emergent twenty-first century religiosity.

Historical Dictionary of Hobbes s Philosophy

Author: Juhana Lemetti
Publisher: Scarecrow Press
ISBN: 0810850656
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679) is one of the most important early modern thinkers. Though Hobbes is best known for Leviathan (1651) and the theory of absolute sovereignty, his works discuss virtually all the major problems of philosophy as well as science and mathematics, and contain the translations of classical texts like Thucydides' History of the Peloponnesian War, a verse church history, and various essays. Hobbes spent most of his adult life in the service of the influential Cavendish family. The Historical Dictionary of Hobbes's Philosophy offers a comprehensive guide to the many facets of Hobbes's work. Through its chronology, introductory essay, bibliography, and hundreds of cross-referenced dictionary entries on concepts, people, works, and technical terms, Hobbes's impact on philosophy and related fields is made accessible to the reader in this must-have reference. Intended as a reference to learn about particular aspects of Hobbes, it also serves as a quick guide to check information and find the relevant secondary literature on Hobbes. It is an excellent access point for students, researchers, and anyone wanting to know more about Thomas Hobbes.

Historical Dictionary of Unitarian Universalism

Author: Mark W. Harris
Publisher: Scarecrow Press
ISBN: 0810865807
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Small though it may be, Unitarian Universalism has had a big impact not only on its members, but also on the world around it. Rejecting the constraints of other Christian denominations, it sought tolerance for itself and, surprisingly, freely granted tolerance to others. Evolving in its principles and practices over a relatively short lifetime, it shows every sign of developing further, reaching beyond Christianity to embrace what is good in other, more diverse, religions. Unitarian Universalism has also regularly been at the forefront in fighting for social causes, including abolition, temperance, women's suffrage, pacifism, educational reform, environmentalism, and others. Unitarian Universalism has also spread with time. First developed in present-day Romania and Hungary, its center shifted early to England, but its most successful story is the way it grew and flourished in the United States. This Dictionary covers numerous subjects, both historical and contemporary. There are entries on the places where the church was present, many more on significant leaders, and an impressive number on causes and issues. It thereby provides a comprehensive understanding of the multiple facets of the Unitarian Universalist faith. All the important people, events and ideas in this religion are included, not forgetting trends and issues up to the present day, so that many living people are included, as well as important, late-20th-century battles, including racism and new principles and purposes.

Zwischen Widerstand und Martyrium

Author: Detlef Garbe
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3486594435
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Bis heute gehören die Zeugen Jehovas zu den weitgehend vergessenen Opfern des NS-Regimes. Sie wurden bereits Mitte 1933 und von da an mit unerbittlicher Härte bekämpft. Keine andere Religionsgemeinschaft hat mit einer vergleichbaren Geschlossenheit und Unbeugsamkeit dem nationalsozialistischen Druck widerstanden. Der Bekennermut der "Bibelforscher" beschäftigte zeitweilig höchste Stellen in Justiz, Polizei und SS. Sie waren die einzige Gruppe, die ungeachtet drohender Todesstrafe geschlossen den Kriegsdienst verweigerte. Die Auswertung bislang unbekannter Archivalien, Interviews mit Überlebenden und die kritische Auseinandersetzung mit ihrem Schrifttum bilden die Basis für diese erste umfassende sozialgeschichtliche Darstellung über die Verfolgung der Zeugen Jehovas im Nationalsozialismus. The religious community of Jehovas Witnesses is one of the almost forgotten groups of Nazi victims. Jehovas Witnesses constituted no more than a half per mille of the German population, about 25,000-30,000 people, but they were one of the most fiercely persecuted religious groups in the Third Reich. They even were the first group to be outlawed by the Nazi regime, as early as 1933. In spite of this, they continued in their resistance, eoften arning incarceration in the concentration camps. Even there, they refused to work for the armaments. The collective refusal of their men to serve as soldiers in the war led many of them to their deaths by court martial.

Historical Dictionary of Shinto

Author: Stuart D. b. Picken
Publisher: Scarecrow Press
ISBN: 9780810866157
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This dictionary contains entries which identify the principal historical and mythological names that are central to the Shinto tradition but also demonstrate the relationship of Shinto to Japanese culture. Subjects covered include: the relationship of Shi.