Hodge Decomposition A Method for Solving Boundary Value Problems

Author: Günter Schwarz
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3540494030
Format: PDF
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Hodge theory is a standard tool in characterizing differ- ential complexes and the topology of manifolds. This book is a study of the Hodge-Kodaira and related decompositions on manifolds with boundary under mainly analytic aspects. It aims at developing a method for solving boundary value problems. Analysing a Dirichlet form on the exterior algebra bundle allows to give a refined version of the classical decomposition results of Morrey. A projection technique leads to existence and regularity theorems for a wide class of boundary value problems for differential forms and vector fields. The book links aspects of the geometry of manifolds with the theory of partial differential equations. It is intended to be comprehensible for graduate students and mathematicians working in either of these fields.

Analytic Semigroups and Semilinear Initial Boundary Value Problems

Author: Kazuaki Taira
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316757358
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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A careful and accessible exposition of a functional analytic approach to initial boundary value problems for semilinear parabolic differential equations, with a focus on the relationship between analytic semigroups and initial boundary value problems. This semigroup approach is distinguished by the extensive use of the ideas and techniques characteristic of the recent developments in the theory of pseudo-differential operators, one of the most influential works in the modern history of analysis. Complete with ample illustrations and additional references, this new edition offers both streamlined analysis and better coverage of important examples and applications. A powerful method for the study of elliptic boundary value problems, capable of further extensive development, is provided for advanced undergraduates or beginning graduate students, as well as mathematicians with an interest in functional analysis and partial differential equations.

Inside Out

Author: Gunther Uhlmann
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521824699
Format: PDF, ePub
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Inverse problems arise in practical situations such as medical imaging, geophysical exploration, and non-destructive evaluation where measurements made on the exterior of a body are used to determine properties of the inaccessible interior. There have been substantial developments in the mathematical theory of inverse problems, and applications have expanded greatly. In this volume, leading experts in the theoretical and applied aspects of inverse problems offer extended surveys on several important topics in modern inverse problems, such as microlocal analysis, reflection seismology, tomography, inverse scattering, and X-ray transforms. Each article covers a particular topic or topics with an emphasis on accessibility and integration with the whole volume. Thus the collection can be at the same time stimulating to researchers and accessible to graduate students.

Advances in Analysis and Geometry

Author: Tao Qian
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783764366612
Format: PDF, Docs
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At the heart of Clifford analysis is the study of systems of special partial differential operators that arise naturally from the use of Clifford algebra as a calculus tool. This book focuses on the study of Dirac operators and related ones, together with applications in mathematics, physics and engineering. This book collects refereed papers from a satellite conference to the ICM 2002, plus invited contributions. All articles contain unpublished new results.

Layer Potentials the Hodge Laplacian and Global Boundary Problems in Nonsmooth Riemannian Manifolds

Author: Dorina Mitrea
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 082182659X
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The general aim of the present monograph is to study boundary-value problems for second-order elliptic operators in Lipschitz sub domains of Riemannian manifolds. In the first part (ss1-4), we develop a theory for Cauchy type operators on Lipschitz submanifolds of co dimension one (focused on boundedness properties and jump relations) and solve the $L^p$-Dirichlet problem, with $p$ close to $2$, for general second-order strongly elliptic systems. The solution is represented in the form of layer potentials and optimal non tangential maximal function estimates are established.This analysis is carried out under smoothness assumptions (for the coefficients of the operator, metric tensor and the underlying domain) which are in the nature of best possible. In the second part of the monograph, ss5-13, we further specialize this discussion to the case of Hodge Laplacian $\Delta:=-d\delta-\delta d$. This time, the goal is to identify all (pairs of) natural boundary conditions of Neumann type. Owing to the structural richness of the higher degree case we are considering, the theory developed here encompasses in a unitary fashion many basic PDE's of mathematical physics. Its scope extends to also cover Maxwell's equations, dealt with separately in s14. The main tools are those of PDE's and harmonic analysis, occasionally supplemented with some basic facts from algebraic topology and differential geometry.

Boundary Value Problems Integral Equations and Related Problems

Author: Guo Chun Wen
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814327867
Format: PDF, ePub
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In this volume, we report new results about various boundary value problems for partial differential equations and functional equations, theory and methods of integral equations and integral operators including singular integral equations, applications of boundary value problems and integral equations to mechanics and physics, numerical methods of integral equations and boundary value problems, theory and methods for inverse problems of mathematical physics, Clifford analysis and related problems. Contributors include: L Baratchart, B L Chen, D C Chen, S S Ding, K Q Lan, A Farajzadeh, M G Fei, T Kosztolowicz, A Makin, T Qian, J M Rassias, J Ryan, C-Q Ru, P Schiavone, P Wang, Q S Zhang, X Y Zhang, S Y Du, H Y Gao, X Li, Y Y Qiao, G C Wen, Z T Zhang, and others.

Analytic Semigroups and Semilinear Initial Boundary Value Problems

Author: Kazuaki Taira
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521556033
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This careful and accessible text focuses on the relationship between two interrelated subjects in analysis: analytic semigroups and initial boundary value problems. This semigroup approach can be traced back to the pioneering work of Fujita and Kato on the Navier-Stokes equation. The author studies nonhomogeneous boundary value problems for second-order elliptic differential operators, in the framework of Sobolev spaces of Lp style, which include as particular cases the Dirichlet and Neumann problems, and proves that these boundary value problems provide an example of analytic semigroups in Lp.

Geometric Dynamics

Author: C. Udriste
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401141878
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Geometric dynamics is a tool for developing a mathematical representation of real world phenomena, based on the notion of a field line described in two ways: -as the solution of any Cauchy problem associated to a first-order autonomous differential system; -as the solution of a certain Cauchy problem associated to a second-order conservative prolongation of the initial system. The basic novelty of our book is the discovery that a field line is a geodesic of a suitable geometrical structure on a given space (Lorentz-Udri~te world-force law). In other words, we create a wider class of Riemann-Jacobi, Riemann-Jacobi-Lagrange, or Finsler-Jacobi manifolds, ensuring that all trajectories of a given vector field are geodesics. This is our contribution to an old open problem studied by H. Poincare, S. Sasaki and others. From the kinematic viewpoint of corpuscular intuition, a field line shows the trajectory followed by a particle at a point of the definition domain of a vector field, if the particle is sensitive to the related type of field. Therefore, field lines appear in a natural way in problems of theoretical mechanics, fluid mechanics, physics, thermodynamics, biology, chemistry, etc.

The Pullback Equation for Differential Forms

Author: Gyula Csató
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0817683135
Format: PDF
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An important question in geometry and analysis is to know when two k-forms f and g are equivalent through a change of variables. The problem is therefore to find a map φ so that it satisfies the pullback equation: φ*(g) = f. In more physical terms, the question under consideration can be seen as a problem of mass transportation. The problem has received considerable attention in the cases k = 2 and k = n, but much less when 3 ≤ k ≤ n–1. The present monograph provides the first comprehensive study of the equation. The work begins by recounting various properties of exterior forms and differential forms that prove useful throughout the book. From there it goes on to present the classical Hodge–Morrey decomposition and to give several versions of the Poincaré lemma. The core of the book discusses the case k = n, and then the case 1≤ k ≤ n–1 with special attention on the case k = 2, which is fundamental in symplectic geometry. Special emphasis is given to optimal regularity, global results and boundary data. The last part of the work discusses Hölder spaces in detail; all the results presented here are essentially classical, but cannot be found in a single book. This section may serve as a reference on Hölder spaces and therefore will be useful to mathematicians well beyond those who are only interested in the pullback equation. The Pullback Equation for Differential Forms is a self-contained and concise monograph intended for both geometers and analysts. The book may serve as a valuable reference for researchers or a supplemental text for graduate courses or seminars.