Home and work

Author: Jeanne Boydston
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Over the course of a two hundred year period, women's domestic labor gradually lost its footing as a recognized aspect of economic life in America. The image of the colonial "goodwife," valued for her contribution to household prosperity, had been replaced by the image of a "dependent" and a "non-producer." This book is a history of housework in the United States prior to the Civil War. More particularly, it is a history of women's unpaid domestic labor in the context of the emergence of an industrialized society in the northern United States. Boydston argues that just as a capitalist economic order had first to teach that wages were the measure of a man's worth, it had at the same time, implicitly or explicitly, to teach that those who did not draw wages were dependent and not essential to the "real economy." Developing a striking account of the gender and labor systems that characterized industrializing America, Boydston explains how this effected the devaluation of women's unpaid labor.

Home and Work

Author: Jeanne Boydston
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780195085617
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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A striking account of the gender and labor systems that characterized industrializing America, this work is a history of women's unpaid domestic labor in the United States prior to the Civil War.

Ladies of Labor Girls of Adventure

Author: Nan Enstad
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 9780231111034
Format: PDF, Docs
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Enstad explores the complex relationship between consumer culture and political activism for late nineteenth- and twentieth-century working women. While consumerism did not make women into radicals, it helped shape their culture and their identities as both workers and political actors.

From Cotton Belt to Sunbelt

Author: Bruce J. Schulman
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 9780822315377
Format: PDF, Docs
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From Cotton Belt to Sunbelt investigates the effects of federal policy on the American South from 1938 until 1980 and charts the close relationship between federal efforts to reform the South and the evolution of activist government in the modern United States. Decrying the South’s economic backwardness and political conservatism, the Roosevelt Administration launched a series of programs to reorder the Southern economy in the 1930s. After 1950, however, the social welfare state had been replaced by the national security state as the South’s principal benefactor. Bruce J. Schulman contrasts the diminished role of national welfare initiatives in the postwar South with the expansion of military and defense-related programs. He analyzes the contributions of these growth-oriented programs to the South’s remarkable economic expansion, to the development of American liberalism, and to the excruciating limits of Sunbelt prosperity, ultimately relating these developments to southern politics and race relations. By linking the history of the South with the history of national public policy, Schulman unites two issues that dominate the domestic history of postwar America—the emergence of the Sunbelt and the expansion of federal power over the nation’s economic and social life. A forcefully argued work, From Cotton Belt to Sunbelt, originally published in 1991(Oxford University Press), will be an important guide to students and scholars of federal policy and modern Southern history.

The Limits of Sisterhood

Author: Jeanne Boydston
Publisher: UNC Press Books
ISBN: 9780807842072
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The authors alternate their own analyses of the lives of Catharine Esther Beecher, Harrier Beecher Stowe, and Isabella Beecher Hooker with excerpts from the sisters' private and public papers which illustrate key themes within the nineteenth century debate about the woman's sphere.

Cultivation and Culture

Author: Ira Berlin
Publisher: University of Virginia Press
ISBN: 9780813914213
Format: PDF, ePub
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So central was labor in the lives of African-American slaves that it has often been taken for granted, with little attention given to the type of work that slaves did and the circumstances surrounding it. Cultivation and Culture brings together leading scholars of slavery- historians, anthropologists, and sociologists- to explore when, where, and how slaves labored in growing the New World's great staples and how this work shaped the institution of slavery and the lives of African-American slaves. The authors focus on the interrelationships between the demands of particular crops, the organization of labor, the nature of the labor force, and the character of agricultural technology. They show the full complexity of the institution of chattel bondage in the New World and suggest why and how slavery varied from place to place and time to time.

Families and Farmhouses in Nineteenth Century America

Author: Sally McMurry
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780195364514
Format: PDF
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The antebellum era and the close of the 19th century frame a period of great agricultural expansion. During this time, farmhouse plans designed by rural men and women regularly appeared in the flourishing Northern farm journals. This book analyzes these vital indicators of the work patterns, social interactions, and cultural values of the farm families of the time. Examining several hundred owner-designed plans, McMurry shows the ingenious ways in which "progressive" rural Americans designed farmhouses in keeping with their visions of a dynamic, reformed rural culture. From designs for efficient work spaces to a concern for self-contained rooms for adolescent children, this fascinating story of the evolution of progressive farmers' homes sheds new light on rural America's efforts to adapt to major changes brought by industrialization, urbanization, the consolidation of capitalist agriculture, and the rise of the consumer society.

From Marriage to the Market

Author: Susan Thistle
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520245903
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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"This is a provocative and fresh synthesis of the history of white and black women's work at home and in the market, as well as a history of the family over the last century. It represents a staggering volume of scholarship."--Paula England, author of Comparable Worth: Theories and Evidence "From Marriage to Market shows how our world has been turned inside out and what we must do to get it right again. Thistle argues that in the collision between families and the market, care giving has been the victim. Refusing to anoint the 1950's as the golden era of shared prosperity to which we should all strive to return, this book shows us a way forward."--Heidi Hartmann, Institute for Women's Policy Research "From Marriage to Market offers groundbreaking thought on the 20th century collapse of women's domestic economy. Thistle shows the utter failure of social policy to tackle this transformation, which produced new forms of race and class inequities among women. This book makes a powerful claim for all women's rightful share of the prosperity their domestic and waged labor helped to create. This is a stunning contribution to the movement to recognize the value of women's work."--Dorothy Roberts, author of Killing the Black Body: Race, Reproduction, and The Meaning of Liberty

Victorian Countrywomen

Author: Pamela Horn
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISBN: 9780631155225
Format: PDF
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This is the first study of Victorian countrywomen of all kinds from teh aristocracy and gentry to the artisan and labouring classes. Previous accounts of nineteenth-century rural life have tended to concentrate on men, an imbalance which this book seeks to rectify. The author examines the mixture of stability and change in these women′s lives, and considers their distinctive role in the shaping of rural England and Wales. Pamela Horn brings to life the daily round of chores and relaxation in manor house, rectory, farm and cottage. Her account provides a fascinating picture of women at work, and her vivid descriptions of the lighter side of country life, including social events, courtship and marriage make particularly captivating reading. The contemporary preoccupation with female domesticity undoubtedly affected women′s social and economics status in their communities. Yet, the author show how the rise of the professions, and the training of women to work as eachers, nurses and midwives gave thema new prominence in rural society widely at variance with the traditional picture of the Victorial wife and mother.