Home and work

Author: Jeanne Boydston
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Over the course of a two hundred year period, women's domestic labor gradually lost its footing as a recognized aspect of economic life in America. The image of the colonial "goodwife," valued for her contribution to household prosperity, had been replaced by the image of a "dependent" and a "non-producer." This book is a history of housework in the United States prior to the Civil War. More particularly, it is a history of women's unpaid domestic labor in the context of the emergence of an industrialized society in the northern United States. Boydston argues that just as a capitalist economic order had first to teach that wages were the measure of a man's worth, it had at the same time, implicitly or explicitly, to teach that those who did not draw wages were dependent and not essential to the "real economy." Developing a striking account of the gender and labor systems that characterized industrializing America, Boydston explains how this effected the devaluation of women's unpaid labor.

New Harmony

Author: Franziska Bechtel
Publisher: Nomos Verlag
ISBN: 3845288469
Format: PDF
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Das gegenwärtige Stadtbild von New Harmony, Indiana, ist für einen entlegenen, nicht einmal 900 Einwohner zählenden Ort bemerkenswert. Besonders das von Richard Meier entworfene Besucherzentrum, die Roofless Church und das Harmonist Labyrinth stechen ins Auge. Die Erinnerung an die ersten Siedler, die Harmony Society und Robert Owens Gesellschaftsexperiment (1814-1827), ist allgegenwärtig. Geleitet von der Frage nach dem Erbe der zwei sogenannten "intentionalen Gemeinschaften" untersucht diese Lokalstudie auf einer vielseitigen Quellenbasis New Harmonys demographische, wirtschaftliche, politische und kulturelle Entwicklung. New Harmonys Erfolgsgeschichte als Kleinstadt kann nicht allein mit den bekannten städtischen Wachstumsfaktoren erklärt werden. New Harmony erhielt aufgrund der Anwesenheit zweier ideengeschichtlich in Europa verwurzelter, in den USA dann bewusst formierter Gemeinschaften einzigartige Entfaltungschancen, die dem Ort zu einem mittlerweile über 200-jährigen Bestehen verhalfen.

Early Republic

Author: Andrew K. Frank
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1598840193
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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In a compilation of essays, Early Republic: People and Perspectives explores the varied experiences of many different groups of Americans across racial, gender, religious, and regional lines in the early years of the country. * Primary sources give readers an opportunity to hear the real voices of the people of the United States in its formative decades * A bibliography provides an exhaustive list of relevant social history works over the past 40 years

The Sea Captain s Wife A True Story of Love Race and War in the Nineteenth Century

Author: Martha Hodes
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 0393078396
Format: PDF, Kindle
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A finalist for the Lincoln Prize, The Sea Captain's Wife "comes surprisingly, and movingly, alive" (Tina Jordan, Entertainment Weekly). Award-winning historian Martha Hodes brings us into the extraordinary world of Eunice Connolly. Born white and poor in New England, Eunice moved from countryside to factory city, worked in the mills, then followed her husband to the Deep South. When the Civil War came, Eunice's brothers joined the Union army while her husband fought and died for the Confederacy. Back in New England, a widow and the mother of two, Eunice barely got by as a washerwoman, struggling with crushing depression. Four years later, she fell in love with a black sea captain, married him, and moved to his home in the West Indies. Following every lead in a collection of 500 family letters, Hodes traced Eunice's footsteps and met descendants along the way. This story of misfortune and defiance takes up grand themes of American history—opportunity and racism, war and freedom—and illuminates the lives of ordinary people in the past. A Library Journal Best Book of the Year and a selection of the Book of the Month Club, Literary Guild, and Quality Paperback Book Club.

Parenthood in America

Author: Jack C. Westman
Publisher: Univ of Wisconsin Press
ISBN: 9780299170646
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Our society is engaged in heated debates about family values, child care, education, and the future of children. Largely missing from these debates is any serious discussion of the complex vocation we call "parenthood." This book recognizes parenthood as a lifelong process in which parents and children grow together. The distinguished contributors call for families, employers, communities, government, and society to give parents real help with their day-to-day concerns and challenges. Parenthood in America brings the insights of experts in child development, education, health, media studies, economics, history, sociology, and human services to bear on practical aspects of childrearing and on the kinds of policies that have a real effect on parenting. In response to the stresses of parenthood today, they call for: o family-friendly workplaces and decent childcare options o pediatric health care for all o programs that aid children's development as well as their physical health o recognition by professionals of parents' expert knowledge about their own children o alternatives to vapid or violent games and TV programs o prioritization of time for family meals, talks, chores, and activities o valuing of caring relationships above wealth and possessions o appreciation of cultural and religious diversity o supportive networks among parents, teachers, pediatricians, and childcare providers.

Sex and Sexuality in Early America

Author: Merril D. Smith
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 9780814780671
Format: PDF, Docs
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What role did sexual assault play in the conquest of America? How did American attitudes toward female sexuality evolve, and how was sexuality regulated in the early Republic? Sex and sexuality have always been the subject of much attention, both scholarly and popular. Yet, accounts of the early years of the United States tend to overlook the importance of their influence on the shaping of American culture. Sex and Sexuality in Early America addresses this neglected topic with original research covering a wide spectrum, from sexual behavior to sexual perceptions and imagery. Focusing on the period between the initial contact of Europeans and Native Americans up to 1800, the essays encompass all of colonial North America, including the Caribbean and Spanish territories. Challenging previous assumptions, these essays address such topics as rape as a tool of conquest; perceptions and responses to Native American sexuality; fornication, bastardy, celibacy, and religion in colonial New England; gendered speech in captivity narratives; representations of masculinity in eighteenth- century seduction tales, the sexual cosmos of a southern planter, and sexual transgression and madness in early American fiction. The contributors include Stephanie Wood, Gordon Sayre, Steven Neuwirth, Else L. Hambleton, Erik R. Seeman, Richard Godbeer, Trevor Burnard, Natalie A. Zacek, Wayne Bodle, Heather Smyth, Rodney Hessinger, and Karen A. Weyler.

Collegiate Republic

Author: Margaret Sumner
Publisher: University of Virginia Press
ISBN: 0813935687
Format: PDF
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Collegiate Republic offers a compellingly different view of the first generation of college communities founded after the American Revolution. Such histories have usually taken the form of the institutional tale, charting the growth of a single institution and the male minds within it. Focusing on the published and private writings of the families who founded and ran new colleges in antebellum America--including Bowdoin College, Washington College (later Washington and Lee), and Franklin College in Georgia--Margaret Sumner argues that these institutions not only trained white male elites for professions and leadership positions but also were part of a wider interregional network of social laboratories for the new nation. Colleges, and the educational enterprise flourishing around them, provided crucial cultural construction sites where early Americans explored organizing elements of gender, race, and class as they attempted to shape a model society and citizenry fit for a new republic. Within this experimental world, a diverse group of inhabitants--men and women, white and "colored," free and unfree--debated, defined, and promoted social and intellectual standards that were adopted by many living in an expanding nation in need of organizing principles. Priding themselves on the enlightened and purified state of their small communities, the leaders of this world regularly promoted their own minds, behaviors, and communities as authoritative templates for national emulation. Tracking these key figures as they circulate through college structures, professorial parlors, female academies, Liberian settlements, legislative halls, and main streets, achieving some of their cultural goals and failing at many others, Sumner's book shows formative American educational principles in action, tracing the interplay between the construction and dissemination of early national knowledge and the creation of cultural standards and social conventions.

From Bondage to Contract

Author: Amy Dru Stanley
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521635264
Format: PDF, ePub
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In the era of slave emancipation no ideal of freedom had greater power than that of contract. The antislavery claim was that the negation of chattel status lay in the contracts of wage labor and marriage. Signifying self-ownership, volition, and reciprocal exchange among formally equal individuals, contract became the dominant metaphor for social relations and the very symbol of freedom. This 1999 book explores how a generation of American thinkers and reformers - abolitionists, former slaves, feminists, labor advocates, jurists, moralists, and social scientists - drew on contract to condemn the evils of chattel slavery as well as to measure the virtues of free society. Their arguments over the meaning of slavery and freedom were grounded in changing circumstances of labor and home life on both sides of the Mason-Dixon line. At the heart of these arguments lay the problem of defining which realms of self and social existence could be rendered market commodities and which could not.

Free Hearts and Free Homes

Author: Michael D. Pierson
Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press
ISBN: 0807862665
Format: PDF, ePub
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By exploring the intersection of gender and politics in the antebellum North, Michael Pierson examines how antislavery political parties capitalized on the emerging family practices and ideologies that accompanied the market revolution. From the birth of the Liberty party in 1840 through the election of Republican Abraham Lincoln in 1860, antislavery parties celebrated the social practices of modernizing northern families. In an era of social transformations, they attacked their Democratic foes as defenders of an older, less egalitarian patriarchal world. In ways rarely before seen in American politics, Pierson says, antebellum voters could choose between parties that articulated different visions of proper family life and gender roles. By exploring the ways John and Jessie Benton Fremont and Abraham and Mary Todd Lincoln were presented to voters as prospective First Families, and by examining the writings of Harriet Beecher Stowe, Lydia Maria Child, and other antislavery women, Free Hearts and Free Homes rediscovers how crucial gender ideologies were to American politics on the eve of the Civil War.