Hominin Environments in the East African Pliocene

Author: René Bobe
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402030983
Format: PDF, ePub
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This volume presents the work of researchers at many sites spanning the East African Pliocene. The authors take a broad approach that seeks to compare paleoenvironmental and paleoecological patterns across localities and among various taxonomic groups. This volume aims to synthesize large amounts of faunal data, and to present the evolution of East African vertebrates in the context of environmental and climatic changes during the Pliocene.

Out of Africa I

Author: John G Fleagle
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789048190362
Format: PDF, Mobi
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For the first two thirds of our evolutionary history, we hominins were restricted to Africa. Dating from about two million years ago, hominin fossils first appear in Eurasia. This volume addresses many of the issues surrounding this initial hominin intercontinental dispersal. Why did hominins first leave Africa in the early Pleistocene and not earlier? What do we know about the adaptations of the hominins that dispersed - their diet, locomotor abilities, cultural abilities? Was there a single dispersal event or several? Was the hominin dispersal part of a broader faunal expansion of African mammals northward? What route or routes did dispersing populations take?

Applications of Palaeontology

Author: Robert Wynn Jones
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139499203
Format: PDF
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Palaeontology, the scientific study of fossils, has developed from a descriptive science to an analytical science used to interpret relationships between earth and life history. This book provides a comprehensive and thematic treatment of applied palaeontology, covering the use of fossils in the ordering of rocks in time and in space, in biostratigraphy, palaeobiology and sequence stratigraphy. Robert Wynn Jones presents a practical workflow for applied palaeontology, including sample acquisition, preparation and analysis, and interpretation and integration. He then presents numerous case studies that demonstrate the applicability and value of the subject to areas such as petroleum, mineral and coal exploration and exploitation, engineering geology and environmental science. Specialist applications outside of the geosciences (including archaeology, forensic science, medical palynology, entomopalynology and melissopalynology) are also addressed. Abundantly illustrated and referenced, Applications of Palaeontology provides a user-friendly reference for academic researchers and professionals across a range of disciplines and industry settings.

Paleontology and Geology of Laetoli Human Evolution in Context

Author: Terry Harrison
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789048199563
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This volume 1 and its companion volume 2 present the results of new investigations into the geology, paleontology and paleoecology of the early hominin site of Laetoli in northern Tanzania. The site is one of the most important paleontological and paleoanthropological sites in Africa, worldrenowned for the discovery of fossils of the early hominin Australopithecus afarensis, as well as remarkable trails of its footprints. The first volume provides new evidence on the geology, geochronology, ecology, ecomorphology and taphonomy of the site. The second volume describes newly discovered fossil hominins from Laetoli, belonging to Australopithecus afarensis and Paranthropus aethiopicus, and presents detailed information on the systematics and paleobiology of the diverse associated fauna. Together, these contributions provide one of the most comprehensive accounts of a fossil hominin site, and they offer important new insights into the early stages of human evolution and its context.

Asian Paleoanthropology

Author: Christopher J. Norton
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789048190942
Format: PDF, Docs
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This volume brings together a group of authors that address the question of the first out of Africa into Asia c. 2 Ma. The scope of the book is comprehensive as it covers almost every major region of Asia. The primary goal of this volume is to provide an updated synthesis of the current state of the Asian paleoanthropological and paleoenvironmental records. Papers include detailed studies of the theoretical constructs underlying the move out of Africa, including detailed reconstructions of the paleoenvironment and possible migration routes. Other papers detail the Plio-Pleistocene archaeological and hominin fossil records of particular regions.

The First Humans

Author: Frederick E. Grine
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402099809
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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There are some issues in human paleontology that seem to be timeless. Most deal with the origin and early evolution of our own genus – something about which we should care. Some of these issues pertain to taxonomy and systematics. How many species of Homo were there in the Pliocene and Pleistocene? How do we identify the earliest members the genus Homo? If there is more than one Plio-Pleistocene species, how do they relate to one another, and where and when did they evolve? Other issues relate to questions about body size, proportions and the functional adaptations of the locomotor skeleton. When did the human postcranial “Bauplan” evolve, and for what reasons? What behaviors (and what behavioral limitations) can be inferred from the postcranial bones that have been attributed to Homo habilis and Homo erectus? Still other issues relate to growth, development and life history strategies, and the biological and archeological evidence for diet and behavior in early Homo. It is often argued that dietary change played an important role in the origin and early evolution of our genus, with stone tools opening up scavenging and hunting opportunities that would have added meat protein to the diet of Homo. Still other issues relate to the environmental and climatic context in which this genus evolved.

Evolution of environments and hominidae in the African Western Rift Valley

Author: Noel Thomas Boaz
Publisher: Virginia Museum of Natural
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Docs
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Exploration of an important paleoanthropological site in the Rift Valley of eastern Zaire, from over two million years ago to the present. The Semliki Research Expedition, directed by Noel T. Boaz, Curator of Biological Anthropology at the Virginia Museum of Natural History, has investigated the upper reaches of the Semliki River Valley since 1982. Nineteen papers by members of the Expedition present & discuss the geology, paleoecology, paleontology, & archaeology of the site. Includes documentation of presence of early hominids in the Western Rift over two million years ago; an extensive fossil flora, the first recovered from this area of Pliocene Africa & one that shows the nearby presence of dense, lowland forest; an extensive vertebrate & invertebrate fauna that documents the presence of savannas & which includes evidence of extensive evolutionary radiations of fish & molluscan species; the first relatively complete human fossil crania from the highest statigraphic levels; studies on the archaeology of the Age of Metals, ethnoarchaeology among the tribal groups inhabiting the area today, & actualistic studies, relevant to paleoanthropological interpretation.