Horizontal Inequalities and Post Conflict Development

Author: Frances Stewart
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230348629
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book evaluates the extent to which post-conflict reconstruction has addressed problems of horizontal inequalities through country case studies on Burundi, Rwanda, Nepal, Peru, Guatemala, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Afghanistan, and four thematic studies on macro-economic policies, privatisation, PRSP's, and employment generation.

Horizontal Inequalities and Conflict

Author: F. Stewart
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230582729
Format: PDF, Docs
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Drawing on econometric evidence and in-depth studies of West Africa, Latin America and Southeast Asia, this book explores how horizontal inequalities - ethnic, religious or racial - are a source of violent conflict and how political, economic and cultural status inequalities have contributed. Policies to reverse inequality would reduce these risks.

Preventing Violent Conflict in Africa

Author: Y. Mine
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 113732970X
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Horizontal inequalities are root causes of violent conflict in Africa. Yet, people take actions not because of statistical data on inequalities, of which they might not be aware, but because of injustices they perceive. This volume analyses the results of original surveys with over 3,000 respondents in African cities and towns, exposing clear discrepancies between objective inequalities and people's subjective perceptions. The contributors examine experiences in country pairs and probe into the reasons why neighbouring countries, sharing common historical traits, sometimes took contrasting pathways of peace and violent conflict. Combining quantitative analysis and qualitative anatomy of historical experiences of conflict and reconciliation in Rwanda, Burundi, Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, South Africa, Zimbabwe, Uganda, Tanzania, Kenya and Nigeria, the study brings forward a set of policy recommendations for development practitioners. This work further addresses the issue of institutional choice and reveals how sustainable power-sharing and decentralisation contribute to political stability in Africa.

Inequality Grievances and Civil War

Author: Lars-Erik Cederman
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107017424
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book argues that political and economic inequalities following group lines generate grievances that in turn can motivate civil war. Lars-Erik Cederman, Kristian Skrede Gleditsch, and Halvard Buhaug offer a theoretical approach that highlights ethnonationalism and how the relationship between group identities and inequalities are fundamental for successful mobilization to resort to violence. Although previous research highlighted grievances as a key motivation for political violence, contemporary research on civil war has largely dismissed grievances as irrelevant, emphasizing instead the role of opportunities. This book shows that the alleged non-results for grievances in previous research stemmed primarily from atheoretical measures, typically based on individual data. The authors develop new indicators of political and economic exclusion at the group level, and show that these exert strong effects on the risk of civil war. They provide new analyses of the effects of transnational ethnic links and the duration of civil wars, and extended case discussions illustrating causal mechanisms.

Preventing Violent Conflict in Africa

Author: Y. Mine
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 113732970X
Format: PDF, Mobi
Download Now
Horizontal inequalities are root causes of violent conflict in Africa. Yet, people take actions not because of statistical data on inequalities, of which they might not be aware, but because of injustices they perceive. This volume analyses the results of original surveys with over 3,000 respondents in African cities and towns, exposing clear discrepancies between objective inequalities and people's subjective perceptions. The contributors examine experiences in country pairs and probe into the reasons why neighbouring countries, sharing common historical traits, sometimes took contrasting pathways of peace and violent conflict. Combining quantitative analysis and qualitative anatomy of historical experiences of conflict and reconciliation in Rwanda, Burundi, Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, South Africa, Zimbabwe, Uganda, Tanzania, Kenya and Nigeria, the study brings forward a set of policy recommendations for development practitioners. This work further addresses the issue of institutional choice and reveals how sustainable power-sharing and decentralisation contribute to political stability in Africa.

Overcoming the Persistence of Inequality and Poverty

Author: Valpy FitzGerald
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230306721
Format: PDF, ePub
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International experts evaluate new policy directions in economic development and poverty reduction, building on the ideas of a pioneer in the new discipline of Development Studies, Frances Stewart. Combing ideas and evidence on technological change, human development and conflict prevention to address the issue of the persistence of inequality

Ethnicity and the Persistence of Inequality

Author: R. Thorp
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230293131
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Understanding why inequality is so great and has persevered for centuries in a number of Latin American countries requires tools that go beyond economics. Investigating the case of Peru, this book explores how inequality is embedded in institutions that constitute the interface between the economy, the polity and geography of the country.

Understanding Collective Political Violence

Author: Yvan Guichaoua
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN: 0230285465
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Introduction: Individual Drivers of Collective Violence and the Dynamics of Armed Groups-- Y.Guichaoua PART I: JOINING INSURGENCIES: CONTEXTS, BELIEFS AND AGENCY Militarized Youth in Western Cote d'Ivoire: Who are They? Why did They Fight?-- M.C.den Hamer Political Cultures and Tuareg Mobilizations: Rebels of Niger, from Kaocen to the Mouvement des Nigeriens Pour la Justice-- F.Deycard The Mobilization of Children: What's the Difference?-- J.Hart Gendered Patterns of Mobilisation and Recruitment for Political Violence, Experiences from Three Latin American Countries-- L.M.D.Ortega Have Gun, Will Travel: Interpreting the Trajectories of Female Irregular Combatants-- L.Gayer Engendering Armed Militancy in Kashmir: Women as Perpetrators of Violence-- S.Shekhawat Recruitment into Armed Groups in Colombia: A Survey of Demobilized Fighters-- A.M.Arjona & S.Kalyvas PART II: THE DYNAMICS OF INSURGENT GROUPS The Dilemmas of Recruitment: The Colombian Case-- F.G.Sanin Religion versus Ethnicity as a Source of Mobilisation: Are There Differences?-- F.Stewart The Politics of Counter-insurgency: How did the Young Patriots Emerge in Cote d'Ivoire?-- G.Kone Circumstantial Alliances and Loose Loyalties in Rebellion Making: The Case of Tuareg Insurgency in Northern Niger (2007-2009)-- Y.Guichaoua Concluding Remarks-- Y.Guichaoua.

Governance Natural Resources and Post Conflict Peacebuilding

Author: Carl Bruch
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136272062
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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When the guns are silenced, those who have survived armed conflict need food, water, shelter, the means to earn a living, and the promise of safety and a return to civil order. Meeting these needs while sustaining peace requires more than simply having governmental structures in place; it requires good governance. Natural resources are essential to sustaining people and peace in post-conflict countries, but governance failures often jeopardize such efforts. This book examines the theory, practice, and often surprising realities of post-conflict governance, natural resource management, and peacebuilding in fifty conflict-affected countries and territories. It includes thirty-nine chapters written by more than seventy researchers, diplomats, military personnel, and practitioners from governmental, intergovernmental, and nongovernmental organizations. The book highlights the mutually reinforcing relationship between natural resource management and good governance. Natural resource management is crucial to rebuilding governance and the rule of law, combating corruption, improving transparency and accountability, engaging disenfranchised populations, and building confidence after conflict. At the same time, good governance is essential for ensuring that natural resource management can meet immediate needs for post-conflict stability and development, while simultaneously laying the foundation for a sustainable peace. Drawing on analyses of the close relationship between governance and natural resource management, the book explores lessons from past conflicts and ongoing reconstruction efforts; illustrates how those lessons may be applied to the formulation and implementation of more effective governance initiatives; and presents an emerging theoretical and practical framework for policy makers, researchers, practitioners, and students. Governance, Natural Resources, and Post-Conflict Peacebuilding is part of a global initiative to identify and analyze lessons in post-conflict peacebuilding and natural resource management. The project has generated six books of case studies and analyses, with contributions from practitioners, policy makers, and researchers. Other books in this series address high-value resources, land, water, livelihoods, and assessing and restoring natural resources.