How Interpretation Makes International Law

Author: Ingo Venzke
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191631957
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Challenging the classic narrative that sovereign states make the law that constrains them, this book argues that treaties and other sources of international law form only the starting point of legal authority. Interpretation can shift the meaning of texts and, in its own way, make law. In the practice of interpretation actors debate the meaning of the written and customary laws, and so contribute to the making of new law. In such cases it is the actor's semantic authority that is key - the capacity for their interpretation to be accepted and become established as new reference points for legal discourse. The book identifies the practice of interpretation as a significant space for international lawmaking, using the key examples of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees and the Appellate Body of the WTO to show how international institutions are able to shape and develop their constituent instruments by adding layers of interpretation, and moving the terms of discourse. The book applies developments in linguistics to the practice of international legal interpretation, building on semantic pragmatism to overcome traditional explanations of lawmaking and to offer a fresh account of how the practice of interpretation makes international law. It discusses the normative implications that arise from viewing interpretation in this light, and the implications that the importance of semantic changes has for understanding the development of international law. The book tests the potential of international law and its doctrine to respond to semantic change, and ultimately ponders how semantic authority can be justified democratically in a normative pluriverse.

Interpretation in International Law

Author: Andrea Bianchi
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0198725744
Format: PDF
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Interpretation in International Law is an innovative volume that foregrounds interpretation as central to the generation of legal meaning in international law. The book encourages international lawyers to reflect creatively on how they interpret international law, and to stimulate further research on interpretation in an innovative vein.

The Evolutionary Interpretation of Treaties

Author: Eirik Bjorge
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191025771
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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If an old treaty regulating 'commerce' or forbidding 'degrading treatment of persons' is to be interpreted decades after its conclusion, does 'commerce' or 'degrading treatment of persons' have the same meaning at the time of interpretation as they had when the treaty was concluded? The evolutionary interpretation of treaties has proven one of the most controversial topics in the practice of international law. Indeed, it has been seen as going against the very grain of the law of treaties, and has been argued to be contrary to the intention of the parties, breaching the principle of consent. This book asks what the place of evolutionary interpretation is within the understanding of treaties, at a time when many important international legal instruments are over five decades old. It sets out to place the evolutionary interpretation of treaties on a firm footing within the Vienna rules of interpretation, as codified in Articles 3133 of the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties. The book demonstrates that the evolutionary interpretation of treatiesin common with all other types of interpretationis in fact based upon an objective understanding of the intention of the parties. In order to marry intention and evolution, the book argues that, on the one hand, evolutionary interpretation is the product of the correct application of Articles 3133 and, on the other, that Articles 3133 are geared towards the objective establishment of the intention of the parties. The evolutionary interpretation of treaties is therefore shown to represent an intended evolution.

The Sources of International Law

Author: Hugh Thirlway
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191508608
Format: PDF, Mobi
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In recent years States have made more and more extensive use of the International Court of Justice for the judicial settlement of disputes. Despite being declared by the Courts Statute to have no binding force for States other than the parties to the case, its decisions have come to constitute a body of jurisprudence that is frequently invoked in other disputes, in international negotiation, and in academic writing. This jurisprudence, covering a wide range of aspects of international law, is the subject of considerable ongoing academic examination; it needs however to be seen against the background, and in the light, of the Courts structure, jurisdiction and operation, and the principles applied in these domains. The purpose of this book is thus to provide an accessible and comprehensive study of this aspect of the Court, and in particular of its procedure, written by a scholar who has had unique opportunities of close observation of the Court in action. This distillation of direct experience and expertise makes it essential reading for all those who study, teach or practise international law.

International Legal Positivism in a Post Modern World

Author: Jörg Kammerhofer
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316062384
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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International Legal Positivism in a Post-Modern World provides fresh perspectives on one of the most important and most controversial families of theoretical approaches to the study and practice of international law. The contributors include leading experts on international legal theory who analyse and criticise positivism as a conceptual framework for international law, explore its relationships with other approaches and apply it to current problems of international law. Is legal positivism relevant to the theory and practice of international law today? Have other answers to the problems of international law and the critique of positivism undermined the positivist project and its narratives? Do modern forms of positivism, inspired largely by the theoretically sophisticated jurisprudential concepts associated with Hans Kelsen and H. L. A. Hart, remain of any relevance for the international lawyer in this 'post-modern' age? The authors provide a wide variety of views and a stimulating debate about this family of approaches.

In Whose Name

Author: Armin von Bogdandy
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191026956
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The vast majority of all international judicial decisions have been issued since 1990. This increasing activity of international courts over the past two decades is one of the most significant developments within the international law. It has repercussions on all levels of governance and has challenged received understandings of the nature and legitimacy of international courts. It was previously held that international courts are simply instruments of dispute settlement, whose activities are justified by the consent of the states that created them, and in whose name they decide. However, this understanding ignores other important judicial functions, underrates problems of legitimacy, and prevents a full assessment of how international adjudication functions, and the impact that it has demonstrably had. This book proposes a public law theory of international adjudication, which argues that international courts are multifunctional actors who exercise public authority and therefore require democratic legitimacy. It establishes this theory on the basis of three main building blocks: multifunctionality, the notion of an international public authority, and democracy. The book aims to answer the core question of the legitimacy of international adjudication: in whose name do international courts decide? It lays out the specific problem of the legitimacy of international adjudication, and reconstructs the common critiques of international courts. It develops a concept of democracy for international courts that makes it possible to constructively show how their legitimacy is derived. It argues that ultimately international courts make their decisions, even if they do not know it, in the name of the peoples and the citizens of the international community.

In wessen Namen

Author: Armin von Bogdandy
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 3518734075
Format: PDF, ePub
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Internationale Gerichte sind zu multifunktionalen Akteuren des globalen Regierens erstarkt. Das überlieferte Verständnis der internationalen Gerichtsbarkeit, welches diese allein als Instrument der Streitbeilegung in den Händen der Staaten ansieht, ist dieser Entwicklung gegenüber allerdings blind. Armin von Bogdandy und Ingo Venzke legen einen neuen Ansatz vor, der den Funktionen internationaler Rechtsprechung jenseits der Streitbeilegung nachspürt, die internationale Spruchpraxis als Ausübung öffentlicher Gewalt konzipiert und ihre demokratische Rechtfertigung prüft. Dadurch erschließen sie die legitimatorische Problematik und eröffnen zugleich bislang ungesehene Möglichkeiten der Weiterentwicklung internationaler Gerichtsbarkeit.

Rechtssoziologie

Author: Niklas Luhmann
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3322956997
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Inhalt: Klassische Ansätze zur Rechtssoziologie - Rechtsbildung: Grundlagen einer soziologischen Theorie - Recht als Struktur der Gesellschaft - Positives Recht - Sozialer Wandel durch positives Recht - Rechtssystem und Rechtstheorie.

100 Jahre Rechtswissenschaft in Frankfurt

Author:
Publisher: Verlag Vittorio Klostermann
ISBN: 9783465038603
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Zur Feier des hundertjahrigen Bestehens der Frankfurter Goethe-Universitat im Jahr 2014 gibt der Fachbereich Rechtswissenschaft diese Festschrift heraus. Neben einem einleitenden Abriss einer Geschichte des Fachbereichs prasentieren dessen Lehrende Ruckblicke auf Personen und Konzepte, die die Rechtswissenschaft in Frankfurt gepragt haben, beleuchten exemplarische Fragestellungen aus ihren Forschungsfeldern und benennen Herausforderungen fur die zukunftige rechtswissenschaftliche Lehre und Forschung. Zu den profilbildenden Elementen dieser Momentaufnahmen gehoren die besondere Grundlagenorientierung, die internationale Ausrichtung und die Interdisziplinaritat von Lehre und Forschung. Aus der Vielfalt dieser Perspektiven ist so ein Mosaik entstanden, das den Standort des Fachbereichs im Jahr 2014 sichtbar werden lasst.