How We Became Posthuman

Author: N. Katherine Hayles
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226321394
Format: PDF, Kindle
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In this age of DNA computers and artificial intelligence, information is becoming disembodied even as the "bodies" that once carried it vanish into virtuality. While some marvel at these changes, envisioning consciousness downloaded into a computer or humans "beamed" Star Trek-style, others view them with horror, seeing monsters brooding in the machines. In How We Became Posthuman, N. Katherine Hayles separates hype from fact, investigating the fate of embodiment in an information age. Hayles relates three interwoven stories: how information lost its body, that is, how it came to be conceptualized as an entity separate from the material forms that carry it; the cultural and technological construction of the cyborg; and the dismantling of the liberal humanist "subject" in cybernetic discourse, along with the emergence of the "posthuman." Ranging widely across the history of technology, cultural studies, and literary criticism, Hayles shows what had to be erased, forgotten, and elided to conceive of information as a disembodied entity. Thus she moves from the post-World War II Macy Conferences on cybernetics to the 1952 novel Limbo by cybernetics aficionado Bernard Wolfe; from the concept of self-making to Philip K. Dick's literary explorations of hallucination and reality; and from artificial life to postmodern novels exploring the implications of seeing humans as cybernetic systems. Although becoming posthuman can be nightmarish, Hayles shows how it can also be liberating. From the birth of cybernetics to artificial life, How We Became Posthuman provides an indispensable account of how we arrived in our virtual age, and of where we might go from here.

Handbuch Cultural Studies und Medienanalyse

Author: Andreas Hepp
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3531190210
Format: PDF
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Das Handbuch bietet in zahlreichen Beiträgen einen umfassenden Überblick über zentrale Themenfelder und Begriffe des medienanalytischen Ansatzes der Cultural Studies und damit über die bisherige Entwicklung den Ertrag dieses Forschungsprogramms. Im Fokus stehen dabei die Aspekte der Cultural Studies, die sich auf Medien, ihre Produktion, Diskure und Aneigung beziehen.

Die Rechenmaschine und das Gehirn

Author: John von Neumann
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3486819666
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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"The Computer and the Brain" war der Titel von John von Neumanns letzter hinterlassener Arbeit, in der er den wechselseitigen Beziehungen zwischen der Rechenmaschine und dem menschlichen Denk- und Nervensystem nachgeht. Diese Arbeit gibt ein zusammengefaßtes Zeugnis seiner eindringlichen und unorthodoxen Denkweise. John von Neumann gilt heute als einer der Pioniere der modernen Rechentechnik.

Traditions of Systems Theory

Author: Darrell Arnold
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135013691
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The term ‘systems theory’ is used to characterize a set of disparate yet related approaches to fields as varied as information theory, cybernetics, biology, sociology, history, literature, and philosophy. What unites each of these traditions of systems theory is a shared focus on general features of systems and their fundamental importance for diverse areas of life. Yet there are considerable differences among these traditions, and each tradition has developed its own methodologies, journals, and forms of anaylsis. This book explores this terrain and provides an overview of and guide to the traditions of systems theory in their considerable variety. The book draws attention to the traditions of systems theory in their historical development, especially as related to the humanities and social sciences, and shows how from these traditions various contemporary developments have ensued. It provides a guide for strains of thought that are key to understanding 20th century intellectual life in many areas.