Hugo Ch vez and the Bolivarian Revolution

Author: Barry Cannon
Publisher: Manchester University Press
ISBN: 1847797199
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The emergence of Hugo Chávez in Venezuela has revived analysis of one of Latin America's most enduring political traditions - populism. Yet Latin America has changed since the heyday of Perón and Evita. Globalisation, implemented through harsh IMF inspired Structural Adjustment Programmes, has taken hold throughout the region and democracy is supposedly the 'only game in town'. This book examines the phenomenon that is Hugo Chávez within these contexts, assessing to what extent his government fits into established ideas on populism in Latin America. The book also provides a comprehensive and critical analysis of Chávez's emergence, his government's social and economic policies, its foreign policy, as well as assessing the charges of authoritarianism brought against him. Written in clear, accessible prose, the book carries debate beyond current polarised views on the Venezuelan president, to consider the prospects of the new Bolivarian model surviving beyond its leader and progenitor, Hugo Chávez.

Hugo Chavez and the Bolivarian Revolution

Author: Richard Gott
Publisher: Verso Books
ISBN: 1844677117
Format: PDF, Docs
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Looks at the plans and programs of Venezuelan president Hugo Chavez, as well as the challenges that lie ahead. By the author of Cuba: A New History. Original.

Populist Nationalism in Europe and the Americas

Author: Fernando López-Alves
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0429793812
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Populist nationalism fuses beliefs that citizens are being exploited by a privileged elite with claims that the national culture and interests are under threat from enemies within or without. Ideologically fluid, populist nationalists decry “out-of-touch” institutions such as political parties and the mainstream press while extolling the virtues of the “people.” They claim that only populists can truly represent the nation and solve its problems, and often call for unorthodox solutions that appeal to the common people. The recent spread of populist nationalism throughout the world has triggered a growing interest in the subject, led mainly by journalists. The Brexit vote and the election of Donald Trump in the US have provoked a flurry of media coverage in Europe and the Americas, along with parliamentary debates. Some social scientists have sought to explain the resurgence of nationalism and the spread of populism in recent decades, but important questions remain and most of the scholarship has not adequately addressed the fusion of nationalism and populism. It fails to examine the combination of populism and nationalism comparatively, especially the contrast between the more progressive and leftist versions such as those in Latin America, and the more traditional conservative varieties that are gaining strength in Germany, the United Kingdom, and the United States. This interdisciplinary collection by experts on Europe and the Americas fills this void. The volume examines various experiences with populist nationalism, and offers theoretical tools to assess its future. Some chapters are in-depth country case studies and others take a broader perspective, but all open the door for meaningful comparison.

The Mask and the Flag

Author: Paolo Gerbaudo
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190862696
Format: PDF, Mobi
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From the Arab Spring to the Spanish Indignados, from Occupy Wall Street in New York to Nuit Debout in Paris, contemporary protest bears the mark of citizenism, a libertarian and participatory brand of populism which appeals to ordinary citizens outraged at the arrogance of political and financial elites in the wake of the Great Recession. This book draws on 140 interviews with activists and participants in occupations and demonstrations to explore the new politics nurtured by the 'movement of the squares' of 2011-16 and its reflection of an exceptional phase of crisis and social transformation. Gerbaudo demonstrates how, in waging a unifying struggle against a perceived Oligarchy, today's movements combine the neo-anarchist ethos of horizontality and leaderlessness inherited from the anti-globalisation movement, and a resurgent populist demand for full popular sovereignty and the reclamation of citizenship rights. He analyses the manifestation of this ideology through the signature tactics of these upheavals, including protest camps in public squares, popular assemblies and social media activism. And he charts its political ramifications from Podemos in Spain to Bernie Sanders in the US, revealing how the central square occupations have been foundational to current movements for radical democracy worldwide.

Wie Demokratien sterben

Author: Steven Levitsky
Publisher: DVA
ISBN: 3641222915
Format: PDF
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Ausgezeichnet mit dem NDR Kultur Sachbuchpreis 2018 als bestes Sachbuch des Jahres Demokratien sterben mit einem Knall oder mit einem Wimmern. Der Knall, also das oft gewaltsame Ende einer Demokratie durch einen Putsch, einen Krieg oder eine Revolution, ist spektakulärer. Doch das Dahinsiechen einer Demokratie, das Sterben mit einem Wimmern, ist alltäglicher – und gefährlicher, weil die Bürger meist erst aufwachen, wenn es zu spät ist. Mit Blick auf die USA, Lateinamerika und Europa zeigen die beiden Politologen Steven Levitsky und Daniel Ziblatt, woran wir erkennen, dass demokratische Institutionen und Prozesse ausgehöhlt werden. Und sie sagen, an welchen Punkten wir eingreifen können, um diese Entwicklung zu stoppen. Denn mit gezielter Gegenwehr lässt sich die Demokratie retten – auch vom Sterbebett.

Civil Society and the State in Left Led Latin America

Author: Barry Cannon
Publisher: Zed Books Ltd.
ISBN: 1780322070
Format: PDF, Docs
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Timely and unique, this innovative volume provides a critical examination of the role of civil society and its relation to the state throughout left-led Latin America. Featuring a broad range of case studies from across the region, from the Bolivian Constitution to participative budgeting in Brazil to the communal councils in Venezuela, the book examines to what extent these new initiatives are redefining state-civil society relations. Does the return of an active state in Latin America imply the incorporation of civil society representatives in decision-making processes? Is the new left delivering on the promise of participatory democracy and a redefinition of citizenship, or are we witnessing a new democratic deficit? A wide-ranging analysis of a vital issue, both for Latin America and beyond.

Die Schock Strategie

Author: Naomi Klein
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
ISBN: 3104907269
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Erst Schock durch Krieg oder Katastrophe, dann der sogenannte Wiederaufbau: Es funktioniert immer nach den gleichen Mechanismen. Wo vor dem Tsunami Fischer ihren Lebensunterhalt verdienten, stehen heute luxuriöse Hotelresorts, im Irak wurden nach dem Krieg die Staatsbetriebe und die Ölwirtschaft neu verteilt - an westliche Konzerne. Existenzen werden vernichtet, es herrscht Wild-West-Kapitalismus der reinsten Sorte. Naomi Klein, Autorin des Welt-Bestsellers ›No Logo‹, weist in ihrem beeindruckenden Buch nach, wie der Siegeszug der neoliberalen Ideologie in den letzten dreißig Jahren auf extremer Gewalt, auf Katastrophen und sogar auf Folter beruht, um die ungezügelte Marktwirtschaft rund um die Welt von Lateinamerika über Osteuropa und Russland bis nach Südafrika und in den Irak durchzusetzen.