Human agents and social structures

Author: Peter J. Martin
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0719095190
Format: PDF
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The structure/agency debate has been among the central issues in recent discussions of social theory. It has been widely assumed that the key theoretical task is to find a link between social structures and acting human beings - to reconcile the macro with the micro, society and the individual. The contributors to this book reject this solution to the problem. For them, both the concept of 'society' as an entity and the freely-acting 'individual' are theoretical fiction. Rather, the immediate task of the social sciences is to take the social world seriously, to understand the ways in which that world emerges dynamically from, and exerts influence on, the interactions of real people in real situations. This timely collection is not intended as an even-handed review of the debate, but as a deliberately polemical intervention which aims to highlight some of the ways in which its central terms have been misconceived.

The Causal Power of Social Structures

Author: Dave Elder-Vass
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139488198
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The problem of structure and agency has been the subject of intense debate in the social sciences for over 100 years. This book offers a solution. Using a critical realist version of the theory of emergence, Dave Elder-Vass argues that, instead of ascribing causal significance to an abstract notion of social structure or a monolithic concept of society, we must recognise that it is specific groups of people that have social structural power. Some of these groups are entities with emergent causal powers, distinct from those of human individuals. Yet these powers also depend on the contributions of human individuals, and this book examines the mechanisms through which interactions between human individuals generate the causal powers of some types of social structures. The Causal Power of Social Structures makes particularly important contributions to the theory of human agency and to our understanding of normative institutions.

Structuration

Author: John Parker
Publisher: Open University Press
ISBN: 9780335203956
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The debate about structuration has important consequences for the way we explain the production and transformation of social structures such as institutions and rules, cultural traditions, patterns of regular behaviour, and distributions of power and inequality. Students and researchers across the social sciences will find this to be a clear and accessible guide to a concept at the heart of social theory."--BOOK JACKET.

Making History

Author: Alex Callinicos
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004136274
Format: PDF, Docs
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"Making History" seeks systematically to address the problem, widely discussed by social scientists and historians, of the relative roles played by social structures and human agency in social change. Alex Callinicos has added an introduction to this new edition updating the argument of this influential book first published in 1987.

The Constitution of Society

Author: Anthony Giddens
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0745665284
Format: PDF
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Anthony Giddens has been in the forefront of developments in social theory for the past decade. In The Constitution of Society he outlines the distinctive position he has evolved during that period and offers a full statement of a major new perspective in social thought, a synthesis and elaboration of ideas touched on in previous works but described here for the first time in an integrated and comprehensive form. A particular feature is Giddens's concern to connect abstract problems of theory to an interpretation of the nature of empirical method in the social sciences. In presenting his own ideas, Giddens mounts a critical attack on some of the more orthodox sociological views. The Constitution of Society is an invaluable reference book for all those concerned with the basic issues in contemporary social theory.

Human Services as Complex Organizations

Author: Yeheskel Hasenfeld
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412956935
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Since the first edition was published in 1992, there has been a tremendous amount of change in the arena of human services organizations. This book in many ways laid a critical framework of viewing human service organizations as a separate entity than mainstream organizations and management. It sets the foundation to view human services differently because human services organizations work on people and therefore have a different set of principles to take into consideration. It presented the idea of viewing human services organizations as organizations that process people as raw material (people processing or people changing). The new edition will pay particular attention to the cultural perspective and social justice as well as the feminist approach and the view that human services organizations are gendered (i.e., that mostly women work in human services except for men in management). It also will address the issue of advocacy and agents of social change.

Accounting Information Systems for Decision Making

Author: Daniela Mancini
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 364235761X
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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​This book contains a collection of research papers on accounting information systems including their strategic role in decision processes, within and between companies. An accounting system is a complex system composed of a mix of strictly interrelated elements such as data, information, human resources, IT tool, accounting models and procedures. Accounting information systems are often considered the instrument by default for accounting automation. This book aims to sketch a clear picture of the current state of AIS research, including design, acceptance and reliance, value-added decision making, interorganizational links, and process improvements. The contributions in this volume emphasize that AIS has grown into a powerful strategic tool. The book provides evidence for this observation by examining a wide range of current issues ranging from theory development in AIS to practical applications of accounting information systems. In particular it focuses on themes of growing interest in the realm of XBRL and Financial Reporting, Management Information Systems, IT/IS Audit and IT/IS Compliance. The book will be of interest to financial and managerial accountants and IT/IS practitioners, including information systems managers and consultants.

Agency and Structure RLE Social Theory

Author: Piotr Sztompka,
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317652584
Format: PDF, ePub
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A striking feature of the human condition is its dual, contradictory, inherently split character; on the one hand, autonomy and freedom; on the other, constraint and dependence on social structure. This volume addresses this central problem of the linkage between human action and social structure in sociological and social science theory. Contributions cover several different approaches to the agency-structure problematic, and represent the work of a number of leading international sociologists. Their efforts point to a reorientation of social theory, both on philosophical and methodological levels.

New Directions in Economic Methodology

Author: Roger E. Backhouse
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134864396
Format: PDF
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In recent years there has been a flowering of work on economic methodology. However there is no longer any consensus about which direction this should take or, indeed, even what the role and content of economic methodology should be. This book reflects this diversity. Its contributors are responsible for the major developments in this field and together they give an account of all the major positions which currently prevail in economic methodology. These include attempts to rehabilitate the 'falsification' of Kuhn, Lakatos and Popper, sociology of knowledge approaches, different forms of realism, contributions from the 'rhetoric' project and other perspectives which view the economy as a text.