Human agents and social structures

Author: Peter J. Martin
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 1847794998
Format: PDF, ePub
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The structure/agency debate has been among the central issues in recent discussions of social theory. It has been widely assumed that the key theoretical task is to find a link between social structures and acting human beings - to reconcile the macro with the micro, society and the individual. The contributors to this book reject this solution to the problem. For them, both the concept of 'society' as an entity and the freely-acting 'individual' are theoretical fiction. Rather, the immediate task of the social sciences is to take the social world seriously, to understand the ways in which that world emerges dynamically from, and exerts influence on, the interactions of real people in real situations. This timely collection is not intended as an even-handed review of the debate, but as a deliberately polemical intervention which aims to highlight some of the ways in which its central terms have been misconceived.

Making History

Author: Alex Callinicos
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004136274
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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"Making History" seeks systematically to address the problem, widely discussed by social scientists and historians, of the relative roles played by social structures and human agency in social change. Alex Callinicos has added an introduction to this new edition updating the argument of this influential book first published in 1987.

The Causal Power of Social Structures

Author: Dave Elder-Vass
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139488198
Format: PDF
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The problem of structure and agency has been the subject of intense debate in the social sciences for over 100 years. This book offers a solution. Using a critical realist version of the theory of emergence, Dave Elder-Vass argues that, instead of ascribing causal significance to an abstract notion of social structure or a monolithic concept of society, we must recognise that it is specific groups of people that have social structural power. Some of these groups are entities with emergent causal powers, distinct from those of human individuals. Yet these powers also depend on the contributions of human individuals, and this book examines the mechanisms through which interactions between human individuals generate the causal powers of some types of social structures. The Causal Power of Social Structures makes particularly important contributions to the theory of human agency and to our understanding of normative institutions.

Realist Social Theory

Author: Margaret Scotford Archer
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521484428
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Margaret Archer develops here her morphogenetic approach, heralded in Culture and Agency (CUP, 1988), and applies it to the problem of structure and agency, that is, how we both shape society and are shaped by it. Her aim is to capture the interplay between these two processes rather than collapse them into one, as has been the case with the traditional competing individualist and collectivist methodologies. The morphogenetic approach offers a new understanding of social change and poses a direct challenge to Giddens' structuration theory.

Dimensions of Human Behavior

Author: Elizabeth D. Hutchison
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412941253
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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In this text, you will meet social workers and clients from a variety of work settings and situations who bring the passion and power of social work to life through engaging case studies found throughout the text. These case studies help apply the latest theory and research to real life practice situations. The Third Edition offers new case studies and is thoroughly updated and revised to reflect recent census data, developing trends, and cutting-edge research on human behavior.

Language Sex and Social Structure

Author: J. Clark
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 113728398X
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book offers an innovative way of doing critical discourse analysis that focuses on the performatively produced concepts and social structures that support oppressive attitudes in a community. It draws upon ethnographic data from a women's field hockey club to examine players' homophobic attitudes towards lesbians on the team.

The Constitution of Society

Author: Anthony Giddens
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0745665284
Format: PDF, Docs
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Anthony Giddens has been in the forefront of developments in social theory for the past decade. In The Constitution of Society he outlines the distinctive position he has evolved during that period and offers a full statement of a major new perspective in social thought, a synthesis and elaboration of ideas touched on in previous works but described here for the first time in an integrated and comprehensive form. A particular feature is Giddens's concern to connect abstract problems of theory to an interpretation of the nature of empirical method in the social sciences. In presenting his own ideas, Giddens mounts a critical attack on some of the more orthodox sociological views. The Constitution of Society is an invaluable reference book for all those concerned with the basic issues in contemporary social theory.

Employment Relations and National Culture

Author: Ferrie Pot
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 9781782541134
Format: PDF
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'. . . I would recommend this book to any student of international employment relations. It approaches the subject from a wide and unusual angle and is rooted, most importantly, in research.' - Len Holden, Asia Pacific Business Review Historically, alternative models of the employment relationship have developed across culturally diverse nation states. However, the trend towards globalization incorporates a powerful force towards an international uniformity of employment relations. Underlying the issues addressed in this book is the question of how important cultural differences are and will continue to be.