Hungary s Crisis of Democracy

Author: Peter Wilkin
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 0739187929
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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To make sense of this the author draws upon two traditions of thought, world systems-analysis, which situates Hungary in the context of its incorporation in the modern capitalist world-system after the fall of communism; and anarchist social thought which provides a unique way of seeing the actions of states and political elites. In so doing the book argues that the events unfolding in Hungary cannot be explained on the basis of Hungarian exceptionalism but must be situated in the broader political and economic context that has shaped the development of Hungary since 1990. The form of capitalism introduced in Hungary and across the region of East and Central Europe has systematically undermined the strong state and social security that had existed under communism, and when added to the failure of the left and liberals in the region it has paved the way for far-right and neo-fascist political movements to emerge claiming the mantle of defenders of society from the market. This represents a fundamental threat to the enlightenment traditions that have shaped dominant modern political ideologies and raises profound problems for both the EU and NATO.

Hungary since 1945

Author: Árpád von Klimó
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1315397404
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Lying on the political fault line between East and West for the past seventy-five years, the significance of Hungary in geopolitical terms has far outweighed the modest size of its population. This book charts the main events of these tumultuous decades including the 1956 Uprising, the end of Hungarian communism, entry into the European Union and the rise to power of Viktor Orbán and the national-conservative ruling party Fidesz.

Populism and the European Culture Wars

Author: Frank Furedi
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351599496
Format: PDF, Docs
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Concern and hostility towards populism has become a distinctive feature of contemporary political culture. In Europe such concerns are frequently directed at Eurosceptics, whose opposition to the European Union is often portrayed as a cultural crime. Ancient anti-democratic claims about the gullibility, ignorance and irrationality of the masses are frequently recycled through the anti-populist condemnation of people who vote the wrong way. This book argues that the current outburst of anti-populist anxiety is symptomatic of a loss of faith in democracy and in the ability of the demos to assume the role of responsible citizens. Distrust of the people and of parliamentary sovereignty is reinforced by the concern that, on its own, liberal democracy lacks the normative foundation to inspire the loyalty and affection of ordinary citizens. Through focusing on the conflict between the European Union’s Commission and the Government of Hungary, this book explores contrasting attitudes towards national sovereignty, popular sovereignty and the question of tradition and the past as the main drivers of the culture war in Europe.

Environmental Ethics and Behavioural Change

Author: Benjamin Franks
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131740968X
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Environmental Ethics and Behavioural Change takes a practical approach to environmental ethics with a focus on its transformative potential for students, professionals, policy makers, activists, and concerned citizens. Proposed solutions to issues such as climate change, resource depletion and accelerating extinctions have included technological fixes, national and international regulation and social marketing. This volume examines the ethical features of a range of communication strategies and technological, political and economic methods for promoting ecologically responsible practice in the face of these crises. The central concern of the book is environmental behaviour change: inspiring, informing and catalysing reflective change in the reader, and in their ability to influence others. By making clear the forms of environmental ethics that exist, and what each implies in terms of individual and social change, the reader will be better able to formulate, commit to, articulate and promote a coherent position on how to understand and engage with environmental issues. This is an essential companion to environmental ethics and philosophy courses as well as a great resource for professionals interested in practical approaches to environmental ethics. It is also excellent supplementary reading for environmental studies, environmental politics and sustainable consumption courses.

Capitalism Should You Buy it

Author: Charles Derber
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317262808
Format: PDF, ePub
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Before there was economics, there was political economy, an interdisciplinary adventure boldly and critically seeking to understand capitalism. Over time, the social sciences evolved into specific disciplines - economics, sociology, political science - that less often questioned capitalist perspectives and the state. Contrasting three traditions - neoclassicism, Keynesianism, and neo-Marxism - Capitalism: Should You Buy It? traces the historical development of each and evaluates whether they view capitalism as the root cause of or the solution to the pressing problems now facing humanity. This accessible and hopeful book is a call to everyone - citizen, student, public intellectual - to revive the critical edge towards capitalism.

The Road from Serfdom

Author: Robert Jacob Alexander Skidelsky
Publisher: Allen Lane
Format: PDF
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An interpretation of recent history and a prescription for the future link the collapse of communism to the global failure of this century's concepts regarding collectivism. 20,000 first printing. Tour.

The Market

Author: Alan Aldridge
Publisher: Polity
ISBN: 074563222X
Format: PDF
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The Market addresses one of the most controversial answers to the question, ′how is social order possible?′ Ever since Adam Smith conceived the idea of an ′invisible hand′, advocates of the market have argued that social cohesion, material prosperity and political vitality are best achieved not by central control and planning but by laissez–faire – the policy of non–intervention. In this book, Alan Aldridge guides readers through the complex interplay between analysis, description and ideology that characterizes social theorizing on the market. A distinctive feature of The Market is its emphasis on the role of culture in shaping the social reality of markets as perceived and experienced by people participating in them. Ideologies examined include: ∗ Market fundamentalism – the conviction that free markets are universally beneficial ∗ Market populism – the assertion that the free market reflects the democratic will of the people ∗ Economic ′man′ – the notion that the main motive of our actions is to maximize our personal advantage ∗ Globalism – the claim by neo–liberals that the global expansion of markets is irresistible, making political action irrelevant The Market will be essential reading for students and researchers interested in the sociology of economic life, economic sociology and political economy.