Identifying the Enemy

Author: Emily Crawford
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199678499
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Over the past twenty-five years, significant changes in the conduct of wars have increasingly placed civilians in traditional military roles - employing civilians to execute drone strikes, the 'targeted killing' of suspected terrorists, the use of private security contractors in combat zones, and the spread of cyber attacks. Under the laws of armed conflict, civilians cannot be targeted unless they take direct part in hostilities. Once civilians take action, they become targets. This book analyses the complex question of how to identify just who those civilians are. Identifying the Enemy examines the history of civilian participation in armed conflict and how the law has responded to such action. It asks the crucial question: what is 'direct participation in hostilities'? The book slices through the attempts to untie this Gordian knot, and shows that the changing nature of warfare has called into question the very foundation of the civilian/military dichotomy that is at the heart of the law of armed conflict.

Identifying the Enemy

Author: Emily Crawford
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191667935
Format: PDF
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Over the past twenty-five years, significant changes in the conduct of wars have increasingly placed civilians in traditional military roles - employing civilians to execute drone strikes, the 'targeted killing' of suspected terrorists, the use of private security contractors in combat zones, and the spread of cyber attacks. Under the laws of armed conflict, civilians cannot be targeted unless they take direct part in hostilities. Once civilians take action, they become targets. This book analyses the complex question of how to identify just who those civilians are. Identifying the Enemy examines the history of civilian participation in armed conflict and how the law has responded to such action. It asks the crucial question: what is 'direct participation in hostilities'? The book slices through the attempts to untie this Gordian knot, and shows that the changing nature of warfare has called into question the very foundation of the civilian/military dichotomy that is at the heart of the law of armed conflict.

Identifying the Enemy

Author: Emily Crawford
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191667943
Format: PDF, ePub
Download Now
Over the past twenty-five years, significant changes in the conduct of wars have increasingly placed civilians in traditional military roles - employing civilians to execute drone strikes, the 'targeted killing' of suspected terrorists, the use of private security contractors in combat zones, and the spread of cyber attacks. Under the laws of armed conflict, civilians cannot be targeted unless they take direct part in hostilities. Once civilians take action, they become targets. This book analyses the complex question of how to identify just who those civilians are. Identifying the Enemy examines the history of civilian participation in armed conflict and how the law has responded to such action. It asks the crucial question: what is 'direct participation in hostilities'? The book slices through the attempts to untie this Gordian knot, and shows that the changing nature of warfare has called into question the very foundation of the civilian/military dichotomy that is at the heart of the law of armed conflict.

The Treatment of Combatants and Insurgents Under the Law of Armed Conflict

Author: Emily Crawford
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199578966
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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On the recent US treatment of detainees in Guantanamo Bay in the "War on Terror", this book draws on considerable legal precedent, legal theory, and policy arguments to make the case that it is time for the law relating to the regulation of armed conflicts to be more uniformly applied. Readership: Scholars of international humanitarian law, international human rights law, and international criminal law; post-graduate students; practitioners in these areas.

What Every Person Should Know About War

Author: Chris Hedges
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 9781416583141
Format: PDF, Docs
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Acclaimed New York Times journalist and author Chris Hedges offers a critical -- and fascinating -- lesson in the dangerous realities of our age: a stark look at the effects of war on combatants. Utterly lacking in rhetoric or dogma, this manual relies instead on bare fact, frank description, and a spare question-and-answer format. Hedges allows U.S. military documentation of the brutalizing physical and psychological consequences of combat to speak for itself. Hedges poses dozens of questions that young soldiers might ask about combat, and then answers them by quoting from medical and psychological studies. • What are my chances of being wounded or killed if we go to war? • What does it feel like to get shot? • What do artillery shells do to you? • What is the most painful way to get wounded? • Will I be afraid? • What could happen to me in a nuclear attack? • What does it feel like to kill someone? • Can I withstand torture? • What are the long-term consequences of combat stress? • What will happen to my body after I die? This profound and devastating portrayal of the horrors to which we subject our armed forces stands as a ringing indictment of the glorification of war and the concealment of its barbarity.

Off Target

Author: Human Rights Watch (Organization)
Publisher: Human Rights Watch
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Thousands of Iraqi civilians were killed or injured during the three weeks of fighting from the first air strikes on March 20 to April 9, 2003, when Baghdad fell to U.S.-led coalition forces. Human rights investigated the conduct of the war during a five-week mission in Iraq. This report documents Iraqi violations of international humanitarian law, including use of human shields, abuse of the red cross and red crescent emblems, use of antipersonnel landmines, location of military objects in protected places, and failure to take adequate precautions to protect civilians from the dangers resulting from military operations.

The Right to Life in Armed Conflict

Author: Ian Park
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0192554476
Format: PDF, ePub
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Disagreement reigns amongst academics, practitioners, and politicians, as to whether human rights have a place in armed conflicts, especially in extra-territorial operations, with many fearing that an application of the right to life would fetter the ability of armed forces to achieve their military objectives. Governments, including the UK, have been keen to claim derogations. Academic literature on the subject is sparse. In this text, Ian Park seeks to fill the lacuna, by considering the UK's litigation strategy regarding the Iraq and Afghanistan conflicts, including focussing on a range of cases, public enquiries, and the investigations of the Iraq Historic Allegations Prosecution Team. He puts the UK's contribution to the NATO Operation Unified Protector in Libya in 2011 back under the spotlight, and assays the recent response to the threat of the Islamic State in Northern Iraq and Syria. Park pulls together the most recent, and complex, case law in an area lacking previous sustained analysis, and concludes that whilst the state does have right to life obligations, the military have little reason to be concerned.

Compliant Rebels

Author: Hyeran Jo
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316432432
Format: PDF
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Seventeen million people have died in civil wars and rebel violence has disrupted the lives of millions more. In a fascinating contribution to the active literature on civil wars, this book finds that some contemporary rebel groups actually comply with international law amid the brutality of civil conflicts around the world. Rather than celebrating the existence of compliant rebels, the author traces the cause of this phenomenon and argues that compliant rebels emerge when rebel groups seek legitimacy in the eyes of domestic and international audiences that care about humanitarian consequences and human rights. By examining rebel groups' different behaviors such as civilian killing, child soldiering, and allowing access to detention centers, Compliant Rebels offers key messages and policy lessons about engaging rebel groups with an eye toward reducing civilian suffering in war zones.

An Introduction to the International Law of Armed Conflicts

Author: Robert Kolb
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1847314600
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book provides a modern and basic introduction to a branch of international law constantly gaining in importance in international life, namely international humanitarian law (the law of armed conflict). It is constructed in a way suitable for self-study. The subject-matters are discussed in self-contained chapters, allowing each to be studied independently of the others. Among the subject-matters discussed are, inter alia: the Relationship between jus ad bellum / jus in bello; Historical Evolution of IHL; Basic Principles and Sources of IHL; Martens Clause; International and Non-International Armed Conflicts; Material, Spatial, Personal and Temporal Scope of Application of IHL; Special Agreements under IHL; Role of the ICRC; Targeting; Objects Specifically Protected against Attack; Prohibited Weapons; Perfidy; Reprisals; Assistance of the Wounded and Sick; Definition of Combatants; Protection of Prisoners of War; Protection of Civilians; Occupied Territories; Protective Emblems; Sea Warfare; Neutrality; Implementation of IHL.