Identities Boundaries and Social Ties

Author: Charles Tilly
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317257871
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Identities, Boundaries and Social Ties offers a distinctive, coherent account of social processes and individuals' connections to their larger social and political worlds. It is novel in demonstrating the connections between inequality and de-democratization, between identities and social inequality, and between citizenship and identities. The book treats interpersonal transactions as the basic elements of larger social processes. Tilly shows how personal interactions compound into identities, create and transform social boundaries, and accumulate into durable social ties. He also shows how individual and group dispositions result from interpersonal transactions. Resisting the focus on deliberated individual action, the book repeatedly gives attention to incremental effects, indirect effects, environmental effects, feedback, mistakes, repairs, and unanticipated consequences. Social life is complicated. But, the book shows, it becomes comprehensible once you know how to look at it.

Why

Author: Charles Tilly
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400837786
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Why? is a book about the explanations we give and how we give them--a fascinating look at the way the reasons we offer every day are dictated by, and help constitute, social relationships. Written in an easy-to-read style by distinguished social historian Charles Tilly, the book explores the manner in which people claim, establish, negotiate, repair, rework, or terminate relations with others through the reasons they give. Tilly examines a number of different types of reason giving. For example, he shows how an air traffic controller would explain the near miss of two aircraft in several different ways, depending upon the intended audience: for an acquaintance at a cocktail party, he might shrug it off by saying "This happens all the time," or offer a chatty, colloquial rendition of what transpired; for a colleague at work, he would venture a longer, more technical explanation, and for a formal report for his division head he would provide an exhaustive, detailed account. Tilly demonstrates that reasons fall into four different categories: Convention: "I'm sorry I spilled my coffee; I'm such a klutz." Narratives: "My friend betrayed me because she was jealous of my sister." Technical cause-effect accounts: "A short circuit in the ignition system caused the engine rotors to fail." Codes or workplace jargon: "We can't turn over the records. We're bound by statute 369." Tilly illustrates his topic by showing how a variety of people gave reasons for the 9/11 attacks. He also demonstrates how those who work with one sort of reason frequently convert it into another sort. For example, a doctor might understand an illness using the technical language of biochemistry, but explain it to his patient, who knows nothing of biochemistry, by using conventions and stories. Replete with sparkling anecdotes about everyday social experiences (including the author's own), Why? makes the case for stories as one of the great human inventions.

History Education in the Formation of Social Identity

Author: K. Korostelina
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137374764
Format: PDF, Docs
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In order to determine how history education can be harnessed to reduce conflict attitudes and intentions and create a culture of peace, this book examines how history curricula and textbooks shape the identities of their students through their portrayals of ingroup and outgroup identity, intergroup boundaries, and value systems.

Grenzen von Netzwerken

Author: Roger Häußling
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783531163086
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Während Systeme aufgrund ihrer Selbstreferenzialität über klare Grenzen verfügen, wird in der Netzwerkforschung noch kontrovers über den Status von Netzwerkgrenzen diskutiert. Als dynamische, mit Zentren und Peripherien ausgestattete, heterogene Gebilde können sich Netzwerke nicht über ihre Grenzen definieren, sondern durch das, was in ihren Aktivitätszentren passiert. Der Sammelband stellt die aktuelle Debatte vor und präsentiert die dabei bezogenen Standpunkte, wonach Netzwerke gar keine oder zumindest unscharfe Grenzen besitzen, diese zunächst narrativ durch die Akteure erzeugt werden und lediglich forschungspraktische Artefakte bilden, so dass Netzwerke selbst als Grenzen aufzufassen sind. Diese Debatte schärft das Selbstverständnis der Netzwerkforschung erheblich und unterstreicht gleichzeitig die Eigenständigkeit netzwerkforscherischer Ansätze für das Verständnis aktueller gesellschaftlicher Entwicklungen (z.B. „next society“). Der Sammelband enthält sowohl theoretische als auch empirische Zugänge zu dem Thema.

Kulturen der Moderne

Author: Thorsten Bonacker
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 3593403536
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Die Frage, was die Moderne sei, ist für die Soziologie von klassischer Bedeutung. Großereignisse wie der Zusammenbruch des Sozialismus oder Phänomene der Globalisierung und Transnationalisierung stellen die Gültigkeit von Modernisierungstheorien, die von einem linearen Prozess der Rationalisierung und Verwestlichung ausgingen, infrage. In diesem Band wird Moderne kulturtheoretisch betrachtet: als komplexe historische wie globale Konstellation unterschiedlicher, teils widersprüchlicher Sinnsysteme und Praktiken. Mit Beiträgen unter anderem von Johannes Angermüller, Ulrich Bröckling, Shmuel N. Eisenstadt, Bernhard Giesen, Karin Knorr-Cetina,Matthias König, Scott Lash, Michael Makropoulos, Shalini Randeria, Hartmut Rosa, Urs Stäheli und Peter Wagner.

American Immigration An Encyclopedia of Political Social and Cultural Change

Author: James Ciment
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317477162
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Thoroughly revised and expanded, this is the definitive reference on American immigration from both historic and contemporary perspectives. It traces the scope and sweep of U.S. immigration from the earliest settlements to the present, providing a comprehensive, multidisciplinary approach to all aspects of this critically important subject. Every major immigrant group and every era in U.S. history are fully documented and examined through detailed analysis of social, legal, political, economic, and demographic factors. Hot-topic issues and controversies - from Amnesty to the U.S.-Mexican Border - are covered in-depth. Archival and contemporary photographs and illustrations further illuminate the information provided. And dozens of charts and tables provide valuable statistics and comparative data, both historic and current. A special feature of this edition is the inclusion of more than 80 full-text primary documents from 1787 to 2013 - laws and treaties, referenda, Supreme Court cases, historical articles, and letters.

The Politics of Social Ties

Author: Dr Mila Dragojević
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1472426940
Format: PDF, Kindle
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After forced migration to a country where immigrants form an ethnic majority, why do some individuals support exclusivist and nationalist political parties while others do not? Based on extensive interviews and an original survey of 1,200 local Serbs and ethnic Serbian refugees fleeing violent conflict in Bosnia and Croatia, The Politics of Social Ties argues that those immigrants who form close interpersonal networks with others who share their experiences, such as the loss of family, friends, and home, in addition to the memory of ethnic violence from past wars, are more likely to vote for nationalist parties. Any political mobilization occurring within these interpersonal networks is not strategic, rather, individuals engage in political discussion with people who have a greater capacity for mutual empathy over the course of discussing other daily concerns. This book adds the dimension of ethnic identity to the analysis of individual political behavior, without treating ethnic groups as homogeneous social categories. It adds valuable insight to the existing literature on political behavior by emphasizing the role of social ties among individuals.

Banished

Author: Nan Goodman
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
ISBN: 0812206479
Format: PDF, Mobi
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A community is defined not only by inclusion but also by exclusion. Seventeenth-century New England Puritans, themselves exiled from one society, ruthlessly invoked the law of banishment from another: over time, hundreds of people were forcibly excluded from this developing but sparsely settled colony. Nan Goodman suggests that the methods of banishment rivaled—even overpowered—contractual and constitutional methods of inclusion as the means of defining people and place. The law and rhetoric that enacted the exclusion of certain parties, she contends, had the inverse effect of strengthening the connections and collective identity of those that remained. Banished investigates the practices of social exclusion and its implications through the lens of the period's common law. For Goodman, common law is a site of negotiation where the concepts of community and territory are more fluid and elastic than has previously been assumed for Puritan society. Her legal history brings fresh insight to well-known as well as more obscure banishment cases, including those of Anne Hutchinson, Roger Williams, Thomas Morton, the Quakers, and the Indians banished to Deer Island during King Philip's War. Many of these cases were driven less by the religious violations that may have triggered them than by the establishment of rules for membership in a civil society. Law provided a language for the Puritans to know and say who they were—and who they were not. Banished reveals the Puritans' previously neglected investment in the legal rhetoric that continues to shape our understanding of borders, boundaries, and social exclusion.