Image Processing in Radiation Therapy

Author: Kristy K. Brock
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439830185
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Images from CT, MRI, PET, and other medical instrumentation have become central to the radiotherapy process in the past two decades, thus requiring medical physicists, clinicians, dosimetrists, radiation therapists, and trainees to integrate and segment these images efficiently and accurately in a clinical environment. Image Processing in Radiation Therapy presents an up-to-date, detailed treatment of techniques and algorithms for the registration, segmentation, reconstruction, and evaluation of imaging data. It describes how these tools are used in radiation planning, treatment delivery, and outcomes assessment. The book spans deformable registration, segmentation, and image reconstruction and shows how to incorporate these practices in radiation therapy. The first section explores image processing in adaptive radiotherapy, online monitoring and tracking, dose accumulation, and accuracy assessment. The second section describes the mathematical approach to deformable registration. The book presents similarity metrics used for registration techniques, discussing their effectiveness and applicability in radiation therapy. It also evaluates parametric and nonparametric image registration techniques and their applications in radiation therapy processes. The third section assesses the efficiency, robustness, and breadth of application of image segmentation approaches, including atlas-based, level set, and registration-based techniques. The fourth section focuses on advanced imaging techniques for radiotherapy, such as 3D image reconstruction and image registration using a graphics processor unit. With contributions from an international group of renowned authors, this book provides a comprehensive description of image segmentation and registration, in-room imaging, and advanced reconstruction techniques. Through many practical examples, it illustrates the clinical rationale and implementation of the techniques.

Fundamentals of Digital Imaging in Medicine

Author: Roger Bourne
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781848820876
Format: PDF, ePub
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In general, image processing texts are intended for students of engineering and computer science, and there is little written at all on the specific requirements of medical image processing. Students of medical radiation science (Diagnostic radiography, Nuclear medicine, Radiation therapy) usually have minimal mathematical and computer science training and find the available texts incomprehensible. A text that explains the principles of image processing in minimally-mathematical language is needed for these students. Contrary to the claims of some textbook authors, the vast majority of technologists that process images do not need to understand the mathematics involved, but would nevertheless benefit from a thorough understanding of the general process.

Principles and Practice of Radiation Therapy

Author: Charles M. Washington
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 0323287522
Format: PDF
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Learn everything you need to know about radiation therapy with the only comprehensive text written for radiation therapy students by radiation therapists. This book is designed to help you understand cancer management, improve clinical techniques for delivering doses of radiation, and apply complex concepts to treatment planning and delivery. This edition features enhanced learning tools and thoroughly updated content, including three new chapters to inform you of increasingly important technologies and practices. The up-to-date and authoritative coverage of this text make it a resource you'll want to consult throughout your radiation therapy courses and beyond. Complete coverage of radiation therapy provides all introductory content plus the full scope of information on physics, simulation, and treatment planning. Contributions from a broad range of practitioners bring you the expertise of radiation therapists, physicians, nurses, administrators, and educators who are part of cancer management teams. Chapters on image guided radiation therapy, intensity modulated radiation therapy, and CT simulation keep you up-to-date with emerging technologies. Color inserts show significant procedures and imaging technologies clearly.

Handbook of Medical Imaging Medical image processing and analysis

Author: Jacob Beutel
Publisher: SPIE Press
ISBN: 9780819436221
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Volume 2 addresses the methods in use or in development for enhancing the visual perception of digital medical images obtained by a wide variety of imaging modalities and for image analysis as an aid to detection and diagnosis.

Medical Imaging Concepts Methodologies Tools and Applications

Author: Management Association, Information Resources
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1522505725
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Medical imaging has transformed the ways in which various conditions, injuries, and diseases are identified, monitored, and treated. As various types of digital visual representations continue to advance and improve, new opportunities for their use in medical practice will likewise evolve. Medical Imaging: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications presents a compendium of research on digital imaging technologies in a variety of healthcare settings. This multi-volume work contains practical examples of implementation, emerging trends, case studies, and technological innovations essential for using imaging technologies for making medical decisions. This comprehensive publication is an essential resource for medical practitioners, digital imaging technologists, researchers, and medical students.

3D Imaging in Medicine Second Edition

Author: Jayaram K. Udupa
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780849331794
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The ability to visualize, non-invasively, human internal organs in their true from and shape has intrigued mankind for centuries. While the recent inventions of medical imaging modalities such as computerized tomography and magnetic resonance imaging have revolutionized radiology, the development of three-dimensional (3D) imaging has brought us closer to the age-old quest of non-invasive visualization. The ability to not only visualize but to manipulate and analyze 3D structures from captured multidimensional image data, is vital to a number of diagnostic and therapeutic applications. 3D Imaging in Medicine, Second Edition, unique in its contents, covers both the technical aspects and the actual medical applications of the process in a single source. The value of this technology is obvious. For example, three dimensional imaging allows a radiologist to accurately target the positioning and dosage of chemotherapy as well as to make more accurate diagnoses by showing more pathology; it allows the vascular surgeon to study the flow of blood through clogged arteries; it allows the orthopedist to find all the pieces of a compound fracture; and, it allows oncologists to perform less invasive biopsies. In fact, one of the most important uses of 3D Imaging is in computer-assisted surgery. For example, in cancer surgery, computer images show the surgeon the extent of the tumor so that only the diseased tissue is removed. In short, 3D imaging provides clinicians with information that saves time and money. 3D Imaging in Medicine, Second Edition provides a ready reference on the fundamental science of 3D imaging and its medical applications. The chapters have been written by experts in the field, and the technical aspects are covered in a tutorial fashion, describing the basic principles and algorithms in an easily understandable way. The application areas covered include: surgical planning, neuro-surgery, orthopedics, prosthesis design, brain imaging, analysis of cardio-pulmonary structures, and the assessment of clinical efficacy. The book is designed to provide a quick and systematic understanding of the principles of biomedical visualization to students, scientists and researchers, and to act as a source of information to medical practitioners on a wide variety of clinical applications of 3D imaging.

Adaptive Radiation Therapy

Author: X. Allen Li
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781439816356
Format: PDF
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Modern medical imaging and radiation therapy technologies are so complex and computer driven that it is difficult for physicians and technologists to know exactly what is happening at the point-of-care. Medical physicists responsible for filling this gap in knowledge must stay abreast of the latest advances at the intersection of medical imaging and radiation therapy. This book provides medical physicists and radiation oncologists current and relevant information on Adaptive Radiation Therapy (ART), a state-of-the-art approach that uses a feedback process to account for patient-specific anatomic and/or biological changes, thus delivering highly individualized radiation therapy for cancer patients. The book should also benefit medical dosimetrists and radiation therapists. Adaptive Radiation Therapy describes technological and methodological advances in the field of ART, as well as initial clinical experiences using ART for selected anatomic sites. Divided into three sections (radiobiological basis, current technologies, and clinical applications), the book covers: Morphological and biological biomarkers for patient-specific planning Design and optimization of treatment plans Delivery of IMRT and IGRT intervention methodologies of ART Management of intrafraction variations, particularly with respiratory motion Quality assurance needed to ensure the safe delivery of ART ART applications in several common cancer types / anatomic sites The technology and methodology for ART have advanced significantly in the last few years and accumulated clinical data have demonstrated the need for ART in clinical settings, assisted by the wide application of intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) and image-guided radiation therapy (IGRT). This book shows the real potential for supplying every patient with individualized radiation therapy that is maximally accurate and precise.

Image Processing in Radiology

Author: Emanuele Neri
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540498308
Format: PDF
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This book, written by leading experts from many countries, provides a comprehensive and up-to-date description of how to use 2D and 3D processing tools in clinical radiology. The opening section covers a wide range of technical aspects. In the main section, the principal clinical applications are described and discussed in depth. A third section focuses on a variety of special topics. This book will be invaluable to radiologists of any subspecialty.