Imams and Emirs

Author: Fuad I. Khuri
Publisher: Saqi
ISBN: 0863565182
Format: PDF, ePub
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In this classic, comprehensive study of Islamic sects in the contemporary Arab world, Khuri focuses on the Sunni, Shi'a, Alawis, Druze, Ibadis, Zaidis, Yazidis and the Maronites (who, although Christian, are included because they share certain distinguishing features). His placements of these groups on a single comparative scale was unprecedented. Khuri argues that conflicts among Muslims arise from the struggle between two opposing forces: religious, doctrinaire authorities (imams) and leaders who derive their authority from power and coercion (emirs). He discusses the role of dogma but also, uniquely, the critical factors that differentiate sects from religious communities and religions from sects. Following a thorough review of the structural characteristi of individual sects, Khuri addresses issues of religious change, dealing with the interplay between religions, states and nationalism. Here he explores the contradictions between modern state structures and the Islamic umma, showing how some religious concepts had begun to take on nationalistic meanings. 'Readers in a variety of fields will find this book a reliable source well researched, amply documented and highly readable.' Middle East Journal 'An excellent book.' Middle East International 'The relationship of authority and political culture among the Sunni and the Shi'a receives extensive treatment. The author's direct interaction with various ulema and his exposition of their views is useful.' International Journal of Middle East Studies

Miracles

Author: David L. Weddle
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 0814794165
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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It is well known that depression occurs more often in women than in men. It is the most commonly encountered mental health problem among women and ranks overall as one of the most important women's health problems. Researchers have studied depression a great deal, yet women's depression has rarely been the primary focus. The contexts of women's lives which might contribute to their depression are not often addressed by the mental health establishment, which tends to focus on biological factors. Situating Sadness sheds light on the influence of sociocultural factors, such as economic distress, child-bearing or child-care difficulties, or feelings of powerlessness which may play a significant role, and points to the importance of context for understanding women’s depression. Situating Sadness draws on research in the United States and other parts of the world to look at depression through the eyes of women, exploring what being depressed is like in diverse social and cultural circumstances. It demonstrates that understanding depression requires close attention to the social context in which women become depressed.

Holiest Wars

Author: Timothy Rhea Furnish
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780275983833
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Details how Muslim extremists could use popular belief in Mahdism--a little-known, messianic aspect of Islam--to advance a jihad against non-Muslims.

Der Untergang des Morgenlandes

Author: Bernard Lewis
Publisher: BASTEI LÜBBE
ISBN: 3838757920
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Die Probleme der islamischen Welt sind unübersehbar, ebenso deren Folgen für den Westen. Mit dieser provokanten Feststellung analysiert Beranard Lewis die historische Entwicklung des Orients - insbesondere des Osmanischen Reiches und seine Nachfolgestaaten: Die einstige Drehscheibe der Kultur, des Fortschritts und der Kunst verlor im Laufe der Geschichte ihre zivilisatorische Vormachtrolle gegenüber dem Westen und geriet in einen konfliktträchtigen Dualismus zwischen Tradition und Moderne. Das E-Book wendet sich an Leser und Leserinnen, die sich für Lösungsansätze der Krise zwischen der islamischen und der westlichen Welt interessieren: Themenfelder wie Wohlstand und Macht, soziale und kulturelle Schranken, Modernisierung und soziale Gleichheit, Säkularismus und Zivilgesellschaft. Zeit, Raum und Modernität sind die Leitfäden der Darstellung. Die Originalausgabe des Bandes aus der Feder des Princeton-Emeritus Lewis erschien unter dem Titel "What went wrong?".

Saladin

Author: Hannes Möhring
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 3406641466
Format: PDF
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Sultan Saladin von Ägypten und Syrien, der 1187 Jerusalem eroberte, war der bedeutendste Gegner der Kreuzfahrer. In Europa galt er lange als Urbild des «edlen Heiden» und aufgeklärter, toleranter Herrscher. Hannes Möhring beschreibt anschaulich das Leben Saladins und seinen Aufstieg zum mächtigsten Mann im Nahen Osten. Er stellt seine Rolle in den Kreuzzügen dar und geht den Grundlagen der europäischen Saladin-Legende nach.