Immunotoxicology and Risk Assessment

Author: Dennis K. Flaherty
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0306468107
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This authored book presents basic immunological tenets and mechanisms at the cellular and molecular level while employing the toxicology focus on hazard identification, appropriate assays, dose response, and risk assesment by mathematical models and safety factors. It will be a useful reference to toxicologists because it will incorporate new guidelines that the EPA is bringing out later this year for all chemicals regulated under the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act and the Toxic Substances Control Act. Regulatory sections in each chapter focus on data from both the US Food and Drug Administration, as well as data applicable to western European Nations.

Investigative Immunotoxicology

Author: Helen Tryphonas
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420036817
Format: PDF, ePub
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Investigative Immunotoxicology provides a critical evaluation of proposed experimental animal models and approaches, and discusses the contribution that immunotoxicity can make to the overall assessment of chemical-induced adverse health effects on humans and the ecosystem. Following a review of general concepts in immunotoxicology, the book discusses emerging methodologies at the cellular and molecular levels, and describes advances in and requirements for animal model development in testing the allergenicity of foods and genetically modified products. It presents animal models of autoimmunity associated with chemical exposure, includes recommendations for the selection of sentinel species in ecotoxicology, and presents an in-depth review of immunotoxicology as it relates to a variety of wildlife species. Finally, the book explains the role of immunotoxicology in human health risk assessment and the regulatory process. Outlining the potential chemical hazards facing human and ecosystem health, this is a valuable reference for professionals and researchers in immunotoxicology and risk assessment. It also deserves the attention of the pharmaceutical industry and environmental toxicologists who are concerned about the effects of xenobiotics on ecosystems.

Methods in Immunotoxicology

Author: Gary R. Burleson
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780471561972
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The second of a two-volume work which aims to provide a detailed compilation of current methods in immunotoxicology, with discussion of experimental design, methods for risk assessment and good laboratory practices.

Immunotoxicology and Immunopharmacology Third Edition

Author: Robert V. House
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420005448
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Continuing the tradition set by the first and second editions, each a bestseller in its own right, the third edition of Immunotoxicology and Immunopharmacology provides reviews of environmental agents, updated to reflect the latest information on how these agents influence immune system function and health. For the first time in the book's history, an entire section covers the phylogeny and ontogeny of the immune system, spanning levels of biological complexity from earthworms to marine mammals.

Pulmonary Immunotoxicology

Author: Mitchell D. Cohen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461545358
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Pulmonary Immunotoxicology is a comprehensive exploration of the effects of various inhaled materials upon the immune system of the respiratory tract. It will be useful to investigators in the field of pulmonary toxicology and immunotoxicology, and to those involved in administration and regulation of matters related to inhaled materials. It can also serve as a textbook for a course in pulmonary immunotoxicology at graduate or advanced undergraduate level. Pulmonary Immunotoxicology comprises four sections. The first provides basic background concepts essential for understanding pulmonary immunotoxicology, including discussions of the normal structure and function of the respiratory system, its basic immunology, and the manner by which inhaled particles and gases are removed from the air and deposited upon respiratory tract surfaces. The second section provides an overview of the major types of pathological consequences which can arise from immunomodulation within the respiratory tract, including hypersensitivity and asthma, inflammation and fibrosis, as well as immunosuppression and autoimmunity. The third section, which comprises the largest portion of the book, deals specifically with major classes of airborne agents that are known to alter the immune function of the respiratory tract. These are arranged into major classes: organic agents, metals, gases, particles, biologics, and complex mixtures. The fourth and final section of the book explores the area of risk assessment, including discussions of the basic concepts of risk assessment as they apply specifically to immunotoxicologic effects upon the lungs, and the use of biomarkers as indices of potential pulmonary immunotoxic responses to inhaled materials.

Introduction To Immunotoxicology

Author: Jacques Descotes
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482295229
Format: PDF, Docs
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This text provides a concise and comprehensive introduction to key immunotoxicological issues for all those interested in, but with no prior knowledge of, this area of toxicology. The first section explores the health consequences of immunotoxicity, namely the adverse effects related to chemically-induced immunosuppression and immunostimulation, hypersensitivity reactions and autoimmune diseases, with an overview of major immunotoxicants. The second part describes the latest methods used to detect and evaluate, preclinically and clinically, the unexpected immunotoxic effects of xenobiotics. Trends in implementing strategies and recent changes to the regulatory aspects are also considered. The third section examines possible future developments, including In Vitro methods, biomarkers of immunotixicity and risk assessment.

Toxicological Risk Assessment of Chemicals

Author: Elsa Nielsen
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420006940
Format: PDF, Docs
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Unlike many existing books on toxicology that cover either toxicity of a particular substance or toxicity of chemicals on particular organ systems, Toxicological Risk Assessment of Chemicals: A Practical Guide lays out the principle activities of conducting a toxicological risk assessment, including international approaches and methods for the risk assessment of chemical substances. It illustrates each step in the process: hazard identification, a dose response assessment, and exposure assessment. The book also summarizes the basic concepts of interaction of chemicals in mixtures and discusses various approaches to testing such mixtures. Features: Addresses standards from all international regulatory agencies Presents the steps in risk assessment, including hazard identification, exposure assessment, and risk characterization Covers the assessment of multiple chemical exposures or chemical mixtures Contains data from both human and animal studies Explains the linearized multi-stage mathematical model widely used by the US EPA for characterizing

Developmental Immunotoxicology

Author: Steven D. Holladay
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420024036
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Despite rapidly increasing interest in developmental immunotoxicology, there is not yet a textbook focused on this hot area of research. Developmental Immunotoxicology fills the void with overviews of immune system development in experimental animal and human models, and discusses the complex issues related to the evolution of developmental immunology and risk assessment. This text describes different models used to study developmental immunotoxicology and examples of specific developmental immunotoxic agents, including therapeutics. The text concludes with several chapters that describe the role of neuroimmune interactions as they relate to developmental immunotoxicology. Using a didactic approach, Developmental Immunotoxicology provides an explanatory overview of this cutting-edge field for toxicologists, immunologists, and developmental biologists. It provides a lucid account of this area of research-proposing answers to some questions and stimulating debate on those questions yet to be addressed by the research community.

Biologic Markers in Immunotoxicology

Author: Subcommittee on Immunotoxicology
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309595045
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Are environmental pollutants threatening the human immune system? Researchers are rapidly approaching definitive answers to this question, with the aid of biologic markers--sophisticated assessment tools that could revolutionize detection and prevention of certain diseases. This volume, third in a series on biologic markers, focuses on the human immune system and its response to environmental toxicants. The authoring committee provides direction for continuing development of biologic markers, with strategies for applying markers to immunotoxicology in humans and recommended outlines for clinical and field studies. This comprehensive, up-to-date volume will be invaluable to specialists in toxicology and immunology and to biologists and investigators involved in the development of biologic markers.

Immunotoxicology Strategies for Pharmaceutical Safety Assessment

Author: Danuta J. Herzyk
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470386371
Format: PDF
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An important reference which provides an overview of the current and recently introduced methodologies for testing the immunotoxic risks in drug candidates Helps readers understand the significance of the methods and approaches to immunotoxicology testing Aids drug scientists in industry and regulatory areas to consolidate approaches to immunotox testing Offers a definitive assessment of nonclinical models to study the toxic impacts (bio)pharmaceuticals can have on the immune system Includes chapter authors from across the pharma industry, bringing a real-world and applied perspective to immunotox testing