Imperial Classroom

Author: Benjamin C. Fortna
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 9780199248407
Format: PDF
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'Imperial Classroom deserves our attention on several counts, the most important being its innovatory approach, systematic presentation and the large variety of sources consulted to good effect... well-documented and very readable... this scholarly book should be read not only by those studying late Ottoman education, but by all those interested in the period of Abdülhamid II.' -Middle Eastern StudiesThis book presents a many-sided view of education in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century under the Ottoman Empire. Drawing on a wide array of primary material, ranging from archival reports to textbooks and classroom maps, Benjamin C. Fortna provides a detailed scholarly analysis of the Ottoman educational endeavour, revealing its fascinating mix of Western and indigenous influences.

Geschichte der Islamischen Welt

Author: Reinhard Schulze
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 340668856X
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Der Islam hält die Welt in Atem – die zerfallenden Staaten im Nahen und Mittleren Osten, die Flüchtlingsströme aus den Kriegsgebieten und der blutige Vormarsch des IS sorgen täglich für neue Schlagzeilen. Doch die Verkürzung des Islam auf Religion plus Terrorismus gehört zu den grundlegenden Irrtümern des Westens. Sie durch ein differenzierteres Bild der islamischen Welt und ihrer unterschiedlichen Gesellschaften zu überwinden, das ist die große Leistung dieses Buches. Reinhard Schulze schildert und erklärt die islamische Geschichte vom Beginn der Entkolonialisierung am Anfang des 20. Jahrhunderts bis zur dramatischen Situation in unseren Tagen. Er erörtert alle wichtigen politischen, sozialen und kulturellen Entwicklungen und beschränkt sich dabei nicht nur auf den Nahen Osten, sondern geht auch auf die Regionen der islamischen Peripherie ein, wo Millionen von Muslimen leben. Seine glänzende Analyse der Geschehnisse seit dem 11. September 2001 macht vor allem eines deutlich – wir können die Ursachen der heutigen islamischen Mobilisierung nicht verstehen, wenn wir uns nicht mit den historischen Bedingungen vertraut machen, aus denen sie entstanden ist.

Learning to Read in the Late Ottoman Empire and the Early Turkish Republic

Author: B. Fortna
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230300413
Format: PDF
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An exploration of the ways in which children learned and were taught to read, against the background of the transition from Ottoman Empire to Turkish Republic. This study gives us a fresh perspective on the transition from empire to republic by showing us the ways that reading was central to the construction of modernity.

Geist und Buchstabe

Author: Michael Pietsch
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 311031133X
Format: PDF, ePub
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The fascinating connection between the spirit and the letter has had a deep impact on the work of theological scholarship. In this volume, 26 experts examine the connection of spirit and letter by means of examples from the perspectives of philology, hermeneutics, philosophy, theological history, and practical theology. From this multi-disciplinary view, a picture emerges of a dynamic fraught with crisis, with which the specific consciousness of each era interpreted and transformed a unique religious tradition.

Imperial Lineages and Legacies in the Eastern Mediterranean

Author: Rhoads Murphey
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317118448
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The comparative study of empires has traditionally been addressed in the widest possible global historical perspective with comparison of New World empires such as the Aztecs and Incas side by side with the history of imperial Rome and the empires of China and Russia in the medieval and modern periods. Surprisingly little work has been carried out focusing on the evolution of state control and imperial administration in the same territory; approached in a rigorous and historically grounded fashion over a wide extent of historical time from late antiquity to the twentieth century. The empires of Rome, Byzantium, the Ottomans and the latter-day imperialists in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, all inherited or seized and sought to develop overlapping parts of a common territorial base in the Eastern Mediterranean and all struggled to contain, control or otherwise alter the political, cultural and spiritual allegiances of the same indigenous population groups that were brought under their rule and administration. The task undertaken in Imperial Lineages and Legacies in the Eastern Mediterranean is to investigate the balance between continuity and change adopted at various historical conjunctures when new imperial regimes were established and to expose common features and shared approaches to the challenge of imperial rule that united otherwise divergent societies and imperial administrations. The work incorporates the contributions by twelve scholars, each leading practitioners in their respective fields and each contributing their particular insights on the shared theme of imperial identity and legacy in the Mediterranean World of the pagan, Christian and Muslim eras.

Turks Across Empires

Author: James H. Meyer
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191038253
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Turks Across Empires tells the story of the pan-Turkists, Muslim activists from Russia who gained international notoriety during the Young Turk era of Ottoman history. Yusuf Akçura, Ismail Gasprinskii and Ahmet Agaoglu are today remembered as the forefathers of Turkish nationalism, but in the decade preceding the First World War they were known among bureaucrats, journalists and government officials in Russia and Europe as dangerous Muslim radicals. This volume traces the lives and undertakings of the pan-Turkists in the Russian and Ottoman empires, examining the ways in which these individuals formed a part of some of the most important developments to take place in the late imperial era. James H. Meyer draws upon a vast array of sources, including personal letters, Russian and Ottoman state archival documents, and published materials to recapture the trans-imperial worlds of the pan-Turkists. Through his exploration of the lives of Akçura, Gasprinskii and Agaoglu, Meyer analyzes the bigger changes taking place in the imperial capitals of Istanbul and St. Petersburg, as well as on the ground in central Russia, Crimea and the Caucasus. Turks Across Empires focuses especially upon three developments occurring in the final decades of empire: an explosion in human mobility across borders, the outbreak of a wave of revolutions in Russia and the Middle East, and the emergence of deeply politicized forms of religious and national identity. As these are also important characteristics of the post-Cold War era, argues Meyer, the events surrounding the pan-Turkists provide valuable lessons regarding the nature of present-day international and cross-cultural geopolitics.

Depicting the Late Ottoman Empire in Turkish Autobiographies

Author: Philipp Wirtz
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1317152719
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The period between the 1880s and the 1920s was a time of momentous changes in the Ottoman Empire. It was also an age of literary experiments, of which autobiography forms a part. This book analyses Turkish autobiographical narratives describing the part of their authors’ lives that was spent while the Ottoman Empire still existed. The texts studied in this book were written in the cultural context of the Turkish Republic, which went to great lengths to disassociate itself from the empire and its legacy. This process has only been criticised and partially reversed in very recent times, the resurging interest in autobiographical texts dealing with the "old days" by the Turkish reading public being part of a wider, renewed regard for Ottoman legacies. Among the analysed texts are autobiographies by writers, journalists, soldiers and politicians, including classics like Halide Edip Adıvar and Şevket Süreyya Aydemir, but also texts by authors virtually unknown to Western readers, such as Ahmed Emin Yalman. While the official Turkish republican discourse went towards a dismissal of the imperial past, autobiographical narratives offer a more balanced picture. From the earliest memories and personal origins of the authors, to the conflict and violence that overshadowed private lives in the last years of the Ottoman Empire, this book aims at showing examples of how the authors painted what one of them called "images of a past world."

Geschichte des Osmanischen Reiches

Author: Suraiya Faroqhi
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 3406623239
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Suraiya Faroqhi schildert knapp, kenntnisreich und lebendig die Geschichte eines der mächtigsten Reiche des späten Mittelalters und der Neuzeit, das noch zu Ende des 19. Jahrhunderts das gesamte Gebiet der heutigen Staaten Türkei, Irak, Syrien, Libanon, Israel sowie Teile Griechenlands umfaßte. Die Darstellung folgt der Chronologie der politischen Geschichte vom 14. Jahrhundert bis zur Auflösung des Reiches nach dem Ersten Weltkrieg und bezieht dabei die Geschichte von Wirtschaft, Gesellschaft und Kultur überall gleichwertig ein. Hieraus ergibt sich ein ungewöhnlich farbiges Bild vom Osmanischen Reich: Die bisherige Vorstellung von einer erstarrten osmanischen Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft, die kaum mit der abendländischen, europäischen verflochten war, muß revidiert werden. Einzelne gesellschaftliche Gruppen und Provinzen suchten im eigenen Interesse mit Nachdruck den Anschluß an Europa. Warum der Vielvölkerstaat trotz dieser Bemühungen und trotz seiner – angesichts der heutigen Konflikte ganz erstaunlichen – religiösen Toleranz zerbrach, macht die Autorin eindringlich deutlich.

The Ottoman Administration of Iraq 1890 1908

Author: Gökhan Çetinsaya
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134294956
Format: PDF
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This is a study of the nature of Ottoman administration under Sultan Abdulhamid and the effects of this on the three provinces that were to form the modern state of Iraq. The author provides a general commentary on the late Ottoman provincial administration and a comprehensive picture of the nature of its interaction with provincial society. In drawing on sources of the Ottoman archives, bringing together and analyzing an abundance of complex documents, this book is a fascinating contribution to the field of Middle Eastern studies.