Individualism Old and New

Author: John Dewey
Publisher: Prometheus Books
ISBN: 1615921354
Format: PDF, ePub
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America's most renowned social philosopher John Dewey shines his powerful intellect on the serious public and cultural issues surrounding the place of the individual in a technologically advanced society. In this penetrating study, he addresses the fear that personal creative potential will be trampled by assembly-line monotony, political bureaucracy, and an industrialized culture of uniformity. Armed with his pragmatic approach and his belief in the power of critical intelligence, Dewey argues that individualism has in fact been offered a uniquely higher plane of technological development upon which to grow, mature, and redefine itself.John Dewey (1859-1952) authored more than two dozen books and scores of articles in both scholarly and popular publications. He rightly deserves the title of America's foremost philosopher and his work will influence intellectuals throughout the world for many years to come.

Reconstructing Individualism

Author: James M. Albrecht
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0823242129
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America has a love-hate relationship with individualism. In Reconstructing Individualism, James Albrecht argues that our conceptions of individualism have remained trapped within the assumptions of classic liberalism. He traces an alternative genealogy of individualist ethics in four major American thinkers-Ralph Waldo Emerson, William James, John Dewey, and Ralph Ellison. These writers' shared commitments to pluralism (metaphysical and cultural), experimentalism, and a melioristic stance toward value and reform led them to describe the self as inherently relational. Accordingly, they articulate models of selfhood that are socially engaged and ethically responsible, and they argue that a reconceived-or, in Dewey's term, "reconstructed"-individualism is not merely compatible with but necessary to democratic community. Conceiving selfhood and community as interrelated processes, they call for an ongoing reform of social conditions so as to educate and liberate individuality, and, conversely, they affirm the essential role individuality plays in vitalizing communal efforts at reform.

The Later Works 1925 1953 1929 1930

Author: John Dewey
Publisher: SIU Press
ISBN: 9780809328154
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This volume includes all Dewey s writings for 1938 except for "Logic: The Theory of Inquiry "(Volume 12 of The Later Works), as well as his 1939 "Freedom and Culture, Theory of Valuation, "and two items from "Intelligence in the Modern World." "" "Freedom and Culture "presents, as Steven M. Cahn points out, the essence of his philosophical position: a commitment to a free society, critical intelligence, and the education required for their advance. "

Classic American Philosophers

Author: Max Harold Fisch
Publisher: Fordham Univ Press
ISBN: 9780823216581
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It is increasingly apparant that American philosophy has had its classical period, corresponding to the Greek classical period - Democritus through Aristotle; the medieval - Christian Abelard through Thomas Aquinas and Duns Scotus; The British - Bacon through Hume; and the German - Kant through Hegel. America's classical period began just after the Civil War and ended just before the Second World War. Its canon is already nearly fixed, and it includes six philosophers: Charles Sanders Peirce, William James, Josiah Royce, George Santayana, John Dewey, and Alfred North Whitehead. The primary purpose of this voume is to introduce these philosophers to readers who do not yet know their writings at first hand. The writings of each of these philosophers is enhanved by a thoughtful introduction to each. The volume as a whole is framed by a detailed introduction exlporing these philosopher's place in America's Classic Period of Philosophy. The book is perfect for beginning students of or enthusiasts about American philosophy and philosophy in general. The text is followed by an appendix which makes suggestions for further readings produced by these classic American philosophers.

Individualism in Early China

Author: Erica Brindley
Publisher: University of Hawaii Press
ISBN: 0824833864
Format: PDF, ePub
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"Contrary to common claims about the absence of individualism in early China and its supposed reification in 'the West,' both the Western and Chinese traditions have historically been characterized by diverse and constantly evolving attitudes toward the individual. This book serves as an important corrective to monolithic or essentializing accounts of early Chinese thought, and the narrative concerning the evolution of the concept of the individual in early China is an interesting and novel one. It will appeal widely to people working on early Chinese thought and comparative religion more broadly."ùEdward Slingerland, University of British Columbia "There is a great deal of resistance to the very applicability of the concept of individualism in early China. In this impressively ambitious project, Erica Brindley succeeds in deploying the concept to the understanding of early Chinese thought. In exploring the emergence of and response to distinctively Chinese forms of individuals, she puts some familiar and major texts in a surprising light as part of an overall dynamic. One of the significant lessons of this book is that there is a variety of ways to conceive of and value the individual."ùDavid Wong, Duke University Conventional wisdom has it that the concept of individualism was absent in early China. In this uncommon study of the self and human agency in ancient China, Erica Fox Brindley provides an important corrective to this view and persuasively argues with intriguing results that an idea of individualism can be applied to the study of early Chinese thought and politics. She introduces the development of ideological and religious beliefs that link universal, cosmic authority to the individual in ways that may be referred to as individualistic and illustrates how these evolved alongside and potentially helped contribute to larger sociopolitical changes of the time, such as the centralization of political authority and the growth in the social mobility of the educated elite class. Starting with the writings of the early Mohists (fourth century BCE), Brindley analyzes many of the major works through the early second century BCE by Laozi, Mencius, Zhuangzi, Xunzi, and Han Feizi, as well as anonymous authors of both received and excavated texts. Changing notions of human agency affected prevailing attitudes toward the self as individualùin particular, the onset of ideals that stressed the power and authority of the individual, either as a conformist agent in relation to a larger whole or as an individualistic agent endowed with inalienable cosmic powers and authorities. She goes on to show how distinctly internal (individualistic), external (institutionalized), or mixed (syncretic) approaches to self-cultivation and state control emerged in response to such ideals. In her exploration of the nature of early Chinese individualism and the various theories for and against it, she reveals the ways in which authors innovatively adapted new theories on individual power to the needs of the burgeoning imperial state. With clarity and force, Individualism in Early China illuminates the importance of the individual in Chinese culture. By focusing on what is unique about early Chinese thinking on this topic, it gives readers a means of understanding particular "Chinese" discussions of and respect for the self.

American Individualism

Author: Margaret Hoover
Publisher: Crown Forum
ISBN: 0307718166
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A Fox News analyst argues for a redefinition of conservatism that will modernize outdated Republican ideas and enable a younger generation to embrace the party, defining her views about Individualism while contending that universal, conservative beliefs can be adapted to revitalize Republican political strength.

Individualism

Author: George H. Smith
Publisher: Cato Inst
ISBN: 9781939709639
Format: PDF, Docs
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Individualism: A Reader is the first in a series from Libertarianism.org that will provide readers an introduction to the major ideas and thinkers in the libertarian tradition.

The Blackwell Guide to American Philosophy

Author: Armen T. Marsoobian
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1405142960
Format: PDF, Docs
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The Blackwell Guide to American Philosophy offers the most ambitious survey to date of American philosophical thought. Provides a comprehensive history of philosophical thought in America. Brings together 24 newly commissioned essays written by leading scholars in American philosophy. Covers all of the major eighteenth-, nineteenth- and twentieth-century philosophical movements in America including idealism, pragmatism and naturalism. Examines the major figures and themes in American philosophical thought. Includes useful bibliographies.

For the New Intellectual

Author: Ayn Rand
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 1101137681
Format: PDF
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Here is Ayn Rand’s first non-fiction work—a challenge to the prevalent philosophical doctrines of our time and the “atmosphere of guilt, of panic, of despair, of boredom, and of all-pervasive evasion” that they create. As incisive and relevant today as it was sixty years ago, this book presents the essentials of Ayn Rand’s philosophy “for those who wish to acquire an integrated view of existence.” In the title essay, she offers an analysis of Western culture, discusses the causes of its progress, its decline, its present bankruptcy, and points the road to an intellectual renaissance. One of the most controversial figures on the intellectual scene, Ayn Rand was the proponent of a moral philosophy—and ethic of rational self-interest—that stands in sharp opposition to the ethics of altruism and self-sacrifice. The fundamentals of this morality—"a philosophy for living on Earth"—are here vibrantly set forth by the spokesman for a new class, For the New Intellectual.