Informal Markets Livelihood and Politics

Author: Debdulal Saha
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134865015
Format: PDF, Docs
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Low industrial growth, declining agricultural sector and limited expansion of formal sector employment in India have increasingly forced the poor to take recourse to informal sources of livelihoods. Street vending is one such thriving source of self-employment across cities. This book delves into the sustenance and survival strategies of street vendors across 17 cities in India and assesses the issues revolving around self-created markets, livelihood and politics that are contested in public space. It also presents a conceptual and theoretical understanding of different socio-economic and policy concerns pertaining to street vending in the country. The study shows how despite the absence of legal frameworks and institutional support, these urban self-employed informal workers subsist by arranging ad-hoc alternatives, creating informal institutions and negotiating with formal and informal actors in the market. It also discusses the Street Vendors (Protection of Livelihood and Regulation of Street Vending) Act, 2014, and examines how inclusive the legal recognition is for these workers of informal economy. Drawing on exhaustive research and a wealth of primary data, this book will be useful to scholars and researchers in development studies, labour studies, economics, sociology and those in public policy and urban planning.

Financial Inclusion of the Marginalised

Author: Sharit K. Bhowmik
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 8132215060
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book is the product of a study conducted by the Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS) in collaboration with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and Ministry of Urban Housing and Poverty Alleviation (MoHUPA). Its objective is to highlight some of the problems faced by street vendors in conducting their daily business and to examine how financial institutions, especially those in the banking sector, can include street vendors in their credit policies. Data was collected from 15 cities across the country. Not surprisingly, while issues such as public space utilisation have been deliberated upon at length, those concerning the nature of credit transactions and concurrently the financial inclusion of street vendors have scarcely received focussed attention. In the absence of formal credit, street vendors largely depend on loan sharks, who charge high interest rates ranging from 350% to 800% per annum. The problem of formal credit aside, another equally important factor is the inflexible attitude of the civic authorities towards street vending. Given their informal status, this is particularly apparent because they are forced to conduct business in the absence of legal protection, making them vulnerable to rent seeking by the authorities. The acceptance of the National Policy for Urban Street Vendors by a few states and the subsequent bill to protect the livelihood of street vendors should help them gain legitimacy and subsequently credit to run their businesses at proper rates. The book examines and analyses these issues. ​

Work Institutions and Sustainable Livelihood

Author: Virginius Xaxa
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN: 9789811057557
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The book explores the debates surrounding sustainable livelihood in the neoliberal era effected through transformation of the nature of work and the role of institutions, particularly in the Global South. By creating gainful work and employment opportunities through formal and informal institutions using progressive instruments and innovations within rural and urban economies, livelihood becomes ‘sustainable’, thereby reducing inequality and increasing resilience among households. Based on both theoretical and empirical studies from Asia and Africa, the book establishes the relationship between three broad concepts – work, institutions and sustainable development. The content has been divided into three broad sections: Rural Economy and Its Transformations; Urbanisation and Sustainable Livelihood; and Innovations and Instruments of Transformation. This book is a valuable resource for scholars of development studies, rural and urban studies, labour studies besides economics, sociology, political science and policymaking.

The Slow Boil

Author: Jonathan Shapiro Anjaria
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 0804799393
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Street food vendors are both a symbol and a scourge of Mumbai: cheap roadside snacks are enjoyed by all, but the people who make them dance on a razor's edge of legality. While neighborhood associations want the vendors off cluttered sidewalks, many Mumbaikers appreciate the convenient bargains they offer. In The Slow Boil, Jonathan Shapiro Anjaria draws on his long-term fieldwork with these vendors to make sense of the paradoxes within the city and, thus, to create a better understanding of urban space in general. Much urban studies literature paints street vendors either as oppressed and marginalized victims or as inventive premoderns. In contrast, Anjaria acknowledges that diverse political, economic, historic, and symbolic processes create contradictions in the vendors' everday lives, like their illegality and proximity to the state, and their insecurity and permanence. Mumbai's disorderly sidewalks reflect the simmering tensions over livelihood, democracy, and rights that are central to the city but have long been overlooked. In The Slow Boil, these issues are not subsumed into a larger framework, but are explored on their own terms.

Ethno Architecture and the Politics of Migration

Author: Mirjana Lozanovska
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317572785
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Ethno-Architecture and the Politics of Migration explores the interface between migration and architecture. Cities have been substantially affected by transnational migration but the physical manifestations of migration in architecture – and its effect on streetscape, neighbourhood and city – have so far been understudied. This contributed volume examines how migrants interact with, adapt, and construct new architecture. Looking at the physical, urban and cultural impact of these changes on a variety of sites, the authors explore architecture as an identity category and investigate what buildings and places associated with migration tell us about central questions of belonging, culture, community, and home in regions such as North America, Australia and the UK. An important contribution to debates on place identity and the transformation of places as a result of mobility and globalised economies in the 21st century.

East and Southeast Asia 2013

Author: Steven A. Leibo
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1475804768
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Updated annually, East & Southeast Asia provides just enough historical background on the evolution of Modern East & Southeast Asia to help readers understand contemporary developments in this vital region.

Report on Conditions of Work and Promotion of Livelihoods in the Unorganised Sector

Author: India. National Commission for Enterprises in the Unorganised Sector
Publisher: Academic Foundation
ISBN: 9788171886784
Format: PDF
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Concentrating on the informal sector of the economy—which accounts for an overwhelming proportion of the poor and vulnerable population in India—and their working environments, this analysis is based on the latest information from the 61st round of the National Sample Survey 2004–2005. Combining those results with supplemental data, this account proposes two comprehensive bills as well as a number of measures to ensure minimum work conditions and promotions of livelihoods for both the agricultural and nonagricultural laborers. This publication also includes a CD-ROM comprising three other reports from the commission: Social Security for Unorganised Workers, National Policy on Urban Street Vendors, and Comprehensive Legislation for Minimum Conditions of Work.