Information Ecologies

Author: Bonnie A. Nardi
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262640428
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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"An information ecology is a system of people, practices, technologies, and values in a local environment. Like their biological coounterparts, information ecologies are diverse, continually evolving, and complex. Nardi and O'Day encourage the reader to become more aware of the ways people and technology are interrelated. A key to thoughtful action, they say, is to ask more "know-why" questions, before jumping to the more straightforward "know-how" questions. They talk about practical ways to have more "know-why" questions, to dig deeper and reflect more on how we use technology"--

CSCW Kompendium

Author: Gerhard Schwabe
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642568483
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Effiziente, konstruktive und zielgerichtete kooperative Zusammenarbeit spielt in einer Zeit immer schnellerer Entwicklungszyklen die entscheidende Rolle im Kampf um Marktvorteile. Hier, wie auch in vielen anderen Arbeits- und Lebensbereichen, eröffnet der Einsatz von Informationstechnologie neue, faszinierende Perspektiven, die zu entscheidenden Veränderungen in der menschlichen Zusammenarbeit in Unternehmen und im Privatbereich geführt haben und noch führen werden. Dieses Buch liefert einen umfassenden, kompetenten und auch für den Nicht-Fachmann verständlichen Einblick in die Grundlagen, Methoden und Konzepte, die Werkzeuge und Anwendungen und die Potenziale, Wirkungen und Perspektiven computerunterstützter kooperativer Zusammenarbeit. Das von international anerkannten Autoren geschriebene Buch eignet sich als einführendes Lehrbuch für Studierende an Universitäten und FHs und als Handbuch für Entwickler und Praktiker.

Online Communities and Social Computing

Author: Douglas Schuler
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3540732578
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Second International Conference on Online Communities and Social Computing, OCSC 2007, held in Beijing, China, July 2007 in the framework of the 12th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, HCII 2007. It covers designing and developing on-line communities, as well as knowledge, collaboration, learning and local on-line communities.

Innovation and the Creative Process

Author: Lars Fuglsang
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1848440103
Format: PDF, Kindle
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After phenomenology and feminism the concept of care is taken forward to conceive innovation as an interactive process requiring diversity and collectivity. A fresh look at innovation is grounded in the long standing experience of the Roskilde group and it takes the readers into an intriguing voyage in practical creativity. Silvia Gherardi, Dipartimento di Sociologia e Ricerca Sociale, Italy It is not an easy task to be innovative in the large and increasing field of innovation studies. We should therefore thank and welcome the Roskilde School for achieving such a difficult task. This book provides a new and promising vision of innovation which is metaphorically called innovation with care . This new theory draws upon a sociological perspective in order to open up the black box of the organization. It brings interacting people and social process to the forefront of innovation phenomena. Innovation and the Creative Process explores innovation with care, illustrating that it is possible to integrate in the innovation theory a wide range of specialized and non-specialized actors, activities and forms of business and social innovations. Following the Schumpeterian tradition, it provides a more comprehensive notion of innovation and enlarges the scope of innovation theory. This book represents a fruitful approach to innovation which academics, private and public practitioners should consider with much care. Faïz Gallouj, University of Lille, France This book explores new frameworks and methods of understanding and analysing innovation. These are set against a backdrop of innovation with care , which is seen as a phenomenon that takes place among many actors with different perspectives, ideas and cultures that must be carefully woven together in order to achieve the benefits of innovation The new perspectives presented by the contributors will be important in encouraging successful innovation across sectors, organizations and people. They examine how people and organizations deal with the tensions and paradoxes in the innovative process between creativity and innovation, variation and selection, and sense and strategy-making. The book also includes a sociological approach to innovation as a complement to economic perspectives in order to better understand how people can benefit from innovation in a number of interesting private and public cases. To benefit from innovation, it concludes, people depend less on formal roles and formal organization than on a caring approach that enables them to deal with and interpret evolutions across people, organizations and sectors. This highly original, innovative book will provide fascinating reading for a diverse audience, including academics, researchers, policymakers and managers with an interest in innovation, organization studies, institutional theory and, more generally, business and management.

Guide to Applying Human Factors Methods

Author: Pietro C. Cacciabue
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1447138120
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Human error plays a significant role in many accidents involving safety-critical systems, and it is now a standard requirement in both the US and Europe for Human Factors (HF) to be taken into account in system design and safety assessment. This book will be an essential guide for anyone who uses HF in their everyday work, providing them with consistent and ready-to-use procedures and methods that can be applied to real-life problems. The first part of the book looks at the theoretical framework, methods and techniques that the engineer or safety analyst needs to use when working on a HF-related project. The second part presents four case studies that show the reader how the above framework and guidelines work in practice. The case studies are based on real-life projects carried out by the author for a major European railway system, and in collaboration with international companies such as the International Civil Aviation Organisation, Volvo, Daimler-Chrysler and FIAT.

Acting with Technology

Author: Victor Kaptelinin
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262263424
Format: PDF
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Activity theory holds that the human mind is the product of our interaction with people and artifacts in the context of everyday activity. Acting with Technology makes the case for activity theory as a basis for understanding our relationship with technology. Victor Kaptelinin and Bonnie Nardi describe activity theory's principles, history, relationship to other theoretical approaches, and application to the analysis and design of technologies. The book provides the first systematic entry-level introduction to the major principles of activity theory. It describes the accumulating body of work in interaction design informed by activity theory, drawing on work from an international community of scholars and designers. Kaptelinin and Nardi examine the notion of the object of activity, describe its use in an empirical study, and discuss key debates in the development of activity theory. Finally, they outline current and future issues in activity theory, providing a comparative analysis of the theory and its leading theoretical competitors within interaction design: distributed cognition, actor-network theory, and phenomenologically inspired approaches.

User Error

Author: Ellen Rose
Publisher: Between the Lines
ISBN: 1926662431
Format: PDF, Docs
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User Error explodes the myth of computer technology as juggernaut. Multimedia educator Ellen Rose shows that there is no bandwagon, no out-of-control dynamo, no titanic conspiracy to overwhelm us. Instead, there is our own desire to join the fraternity of users, a fraternity that confers legitimacy and power on those who enter the brave new world. Rose exposes how we surrender decision-making power in personal and workplace computing situations. As users we willingly grant authority to the creators of software, support materials, and the seductive infrastructure of technocracy. “Smart” users are rewarded; reluctant users are pathologized. User identity is deliberately constructed at the crossroads of industry, consumer demand, and complicity. User Error sounds a timely alarm, calling on all of us who use the new technologies to recognize how we are being co-opted. With awareness we can reassert our own responsibility and power in this increasingly important interaction. Savvy, accessible, and up-to-date, User Error offers insight, inspiration, and strategies of resistance to general readers, technology professionals, students, and scholars alike.

Executive Power of the European Union

Author: Deirdre Curtin
Publisher: Collected Courses of the Acade
ISBN: 0199264082
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The picture of Brussels-based bureaucrats exercising arbitrary executive powers is one of the favourite images conjured by Eurosceptics across the political spectrum. This book offers a richer understanding of the nature of the EU's powers, how they relate to national governments, and how they are controlled.

Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy

Author: D. C. Phillips
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1483364755
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Education is a field sometimes beset by theories-of-the-day and with easy panaceas that overpromise the degree to which they can alleviate pressing educational problems. The two-volume Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy introduces readers to theories that have stood the test of time and those that have provided the historical foundation for the best of contemporary educational theory and practice. Drawing together a team of international scholars, this invaluable reference examines the global landscape of all the key theories and the theorists behind them and presents them in the context needed to understand their strengths and weaknesses. In addition to interpretations of long-established theories, this work offers essays on cutting-edge research and concise, to-the-point definitions of key concepts, ideas, schools, and figures. Features: Over 300 signed entries by trusted experts in the field are organized into two volumes and overseen by a distinguished General Editor and an international Editorial Board. Entries are followed by cross references and further reading suggestions. A Chronology of Theory within the field of education highlights developments over the centuries; a Reader’s Guide groups entries thematically, and a master Bibliography facilitates further study. The Reader’s Guide, detailed index, and cross references combine for strong search-and-browse capabilities in the electronic version. Available in a choice of print or electronic formats, Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy is an ideal reference for anyone interested in the roots of contemporary educational theory.

Object Thinking

Author: David West
Publisher: Microsoft Press
ISBN: 0735637512
Format: PDF, ePub
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In OBJECT THINKING, esteemed object technologist David West contends that the mindset makes the programmer—not the tools and techniques. Delving into the history, philosophy, and even politics of object-oriented programming, West reveals how the best programmers rely on analysis and conceptualization—on thinking—rather than formal process and methods. Both provocative and pragmatic, this book gives form to what’s primarily been an oral tradition among the field’s revolutionary thinkers—and it illustrates specific object-behavior practices that you can adopt for true object design and superior results. Gain an in-depth understanding of: Prerequisites and principles of object thinking. Object knowledge implicit in eXtreme Programming (XP) and Agile software development. Object conceptualization and modeling. Metaphors, vocabulary, and design for object development. Learn viable techniques for: Decomposing complex domains in terms of objects. Identifying object relationships, interactions, and constraints. Relating object behavior to internal structure and implementation design. Incorporating object thinking into XP and Agile practice.