Innovative Thermoelectric Materials

Author: Howard E Katz
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 1783266074
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Power generation from environmentally friendly sources has led to surging interest in thermoelectrics. There has been a move toward alternative thermoelectric materials with enhanced performance through materials and structures that utilize common and safer elements and alternative mechanistic approaches while increasing processing latitude and decreasing cost. This wide-ranging volume examines this progress and future prospects with the new technologies, ease of processing and cost as major considerations, and will benefit active researchers, students and others interested in cutting-edge work in thermoelectric materials. Innovative Thermoelectric Materials incorporates the contributions of a group of recognized experts in thermoelectric materials, many of whom were the first to introduce various materials systems into thermoelectric systems. The perspectives brought to this evolving subject will provide important insights on which those developing the field can build, and will inspire new research directions for the future. Contents:Innovative Thermoelectric Materials (Theodore O Poehler and Howard E Katz [Johns Hopkins University, USA])Solution Processable Molecular and Polymer Semiconductors for Thermoelectrics (Ruth Schlitz, Anne Glaudell and Michael Chabinyc [UC Santa Barbara, USA])Nanostructured Thermoelectric Materials (Sangyeop Lee and Gang Chen [MIT, USA])New Design Rules for Polymer-Based Thermoelectric Nanocomposites (Jeffrey J Urban and Nelson E Coates [LBNL, USA])Role of Dopants in Defining Carrier Densities, Energetics, and Transport in Semiconducting Polymers (Gun-Ho Kim and Kevin P Pipe [University of Michigan, USA])Thermoelectric Polymer–Inorganic Composites (Robert M Ireland and Howard E Katz [Johns Hopkins University, USA])Modeling Thermoelectric Materials (Greg Walker [Vanderbilt University, USA])Phase-Transition-Enhanced Thermoelectric Performance in Copper Selenide (David R Brown and G Jeffrey Snyder [Caltech, USA]) Readership: Researchers and post-graduate students in the field of thermoelectrics. Key Features:Presents a highly authoritative picture of the field with contemporary information by prominent contributors to the fieldFirst book that highlights the potential of polymers in thermoelectricsSubstantial theoretical analysis included to justify the experimental approaches reported and proposed at a level of detail that is both comprehensive and accessibleKeywords:Polymers;Nanostructures;Composites;Thermoelectric Materials;Energy Conversion

Advanced Thermoelectrics

Author: Zhifeng Ren
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1498765734
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book provides an overview on nanostructured thermoelectric materials and devices, covering fundamental concepts, synthesis techniques, device contacts and stability, and potential applications, especially in waste heat recovery and solar energy conversion. The contents focus on thermoelectric devices made from nanomaterials with high thermoelectric efficiency for use in large scale to generate megawatts electricity. Covers the latest discoveries, methods, technologies in materials, contacts, modules, and systems for thermoelectricity. Addresses practical details of how to improve the efficiency and power output of a generator by optimizing contacts and electrical conductivity. Gives tips on how to realize a realistic and usable device or module with attention to large scale industry synthesis and product development. Prof. Zhifeng Ren is M. D. Anderson Professor in the Department of Physics and the Texas Center for Superconductivity at the University of Houston. Prof. Yucheng Lan is an associate professor in Morgan State University. Prof. Qinyong Zhang is a professor in the Center for Advanced Materials and Energy at Xihua University of China.

Thermoelectric Materials and Devices

Author: Iris Nandhakumar
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN: 178262323X
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Authoritative account of recent developments in thermoelectric materials and devices for power energy harvesting applications, ideal for researchers and industrialists in materials science.

Polymer Engineered Nanostructures for Advanced Energy Applications

Author: Zhiqun Lin
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 331957003X
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book provides a comprehensive overview of engineering nanostructures mediated by functional polymers in combination with optimal synthesis and processing techniques. The focus is on polymer-engineered nanostructures for advanced energy applications. It discusses a variety of polymers that function as precursors, templates, nano-reactors, surfactants, stabilizers, modifiers, dopants, and spacers for directing self-assembly, assisting organization, and templating growth of numerous diverse nanostructures. It also presents a wide range of polymer processing techniques that enable the efficient design and optimal fabrication of nanostructured polymers, inorganics, and organic–inorganic nanocomposites using in-situ hybridization and/or ex-situ recombination methodologies. Combining state-of-the-art knowledge from polymer-guided fabrication of advanced nanostructures and their unique properties, it especially highlights the new, cutting-edge breakthroughs, future horizons, and insights into such nanostructured materials in applications such as photovoltaics, fuel cells, thermoelectrics, piezoelectrics, ferroelectrics, batteries, supercapacitors, photocatalysis, and hydrogen generation and storage. It offers an instructive and approachable guide to polymer-engineered nanostructures for further development of advanced energy materials to meet ever-increasing global energy demands. Interdisciplinary and broad perspectives from internationally respected contributors ensure this book serves as a valuable reference source for scientists, students, and engineers working in polymer science, renewable energy materials, materials engineering, chemistry, physics, surface/interface science, and nanotechnology. It is also suitable as a textbook for universities, institutes, and industrial institutions.

Thermoelectric Nanomaterials

Author: Kunihito Koumoto
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642375375
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Presently, there is an intense race throughout the world to develop good enough thermoelectric materials which can be used in wide scale applications. This book focuses comprehensively on very recent up-to-date breakthroughs in thermoelectrics utilizing nanomaterials and methods based in nanoscience. Importantly, it provides the readers with methodology and concepts utilizing atomic scale and nanoscale materials design (such as superlattice structuring, atomic network structuring and properties control, electron correlation design, low dimensionality, nanostructuring, etc.). Furthermore, also indicates the applications of thermoelectrics expected for the large emerging energy market. This book has a wide appeal and application value for anyone being interested in state-of-the-art thermoelectrics and/or actual viable applications in nanotechnology.

Materials for Sustainable Energy

Author: Vincent Dusastre
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814317640
Format: PDF, ePub
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The search for cleaner, cheaper, smaller and more efficient energy technologies has to a large extent been motivated by the development of new materials. The aim of this collection of articles is therefore to focus on what materials-based solutions can offer and show how the rationale design and improvement of their physical and chemical properties can lead to energy-production alternatives that have the potential to compete with existing technologies. In terms of alternative means to generate electricity that utilize renewable energy sources, the most dramatic breakthroughs for both mobile (i.e., transportation) and stationary applications are taking place in the fields of solar and fuel cells. And from an energy-storage perspective, exciting developments can be seen emerging from the fields of rechargeable batteries and hydrogen storage.

Hybrid Polymer Composite Materials

Author: Vijay Kumar Thakur
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 0081007868
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Hybrid Polymer Composite Materials: Applications provides a clear understanding of the present state of-the-art and the growing utility of hybrid polymer composite materials. It includes contributions from world renowned experts and discusses the combination of different kinds of materials procured from diverse resources. In addition, this volume from the four volume series provides deep insights on the potential of hybrid polymer composite materials for advanced applications. Provides a clear understanding of the present state-of-the-art and the growing utility of hybrid polymer composite materials Includes contributions from world renowned experts and discusses the combination of different kinds of materials procured from diverse resources Discusses their synthesis, chemistry, processing, fundamental properties, and applications Provides insights on the potential of hybrid polymer composite materials for advanced applications

Thermoelectric Materials

Author: Enrique Maciá
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9814463531
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Environmental and economic concerns have significantly spurred the search for novel, high-performance thermoelectric materials for energy conversion in small-scale power generation and refrigeration devices. This quest has been mainly fueled by the introduction of new designs and the synthesis of new materials. In fact, good thermoelectric materials must simultaneously exhibit extreme properties: they must have very low thermal conductivity values and both electrical conductivity and Seebeck coefficient high values as well. Since these transport coefficients are interrelated, the required task of optimization is a formidable one. Thus, thermoelectric materials provide a full-fledged example of interdisciplinary research connecting fields such as solid-state physics, materials science engineering, and structural chemistry and raise the need of gaining proper knowledge of the role played by the electronic structure in the thermal and electrical transport properties of solid matter. This book presents a detailed, updated introduction to the field of thermoelectric materials in a tutorial way, focusing on both basic notions and fundamental questions and illustrating the abstract concepts with suitable application examples. It discusses thermoelectric effects, the transport coefficients and their mutual relations, the efficiency of thermoelectric devices, and some notions on the characterization and related industry standards. It also reviews the two basic strategies for optimizing the thermoelectric performance of materials: the control of thermal conductivity and the power factor enhancement. It discusses structural complexity approach, focusing on complex enough lattice structures with heavy atoms in the unit-cell or nanostructured systems characterized by low-dimensional effects, and introducing different kinds of bulk materials of growing chemical and structural complexity. It also discusses the electronic structure engineering approach that focuses on obtaining a guiding principle, in terms of an electronic band structure tailoring process, and describes the role played by the electronic structure in the thermoelectric performance of different materials.

Safety Aspects of Engineered Nanomaterials

Author: Wolfgang Luther
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 981436486X
Format: PDF, Mobi
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With contributions from leading researchers and government experts involved with the safety assessment of nanomaterials, this book gives an up-to-date review on the safety of engineered nanomaterials and their impact on health and the environment. It covers the whole nanomaterial life cycle—from production, transport, and distribution in the environment to biological responses and toxicology. The book also addresses occupational safety measures as well as societal and economic contexts, such as medical applications of nanomaterials, public acceptance, and risk communication and management.

CRC Handbook of Thermoelectrics

Author: D.M. Rowe
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420049718
Format: PDF, Docs
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Thermoelectrics is the science and technology associated with thermoelectric converters, that is, the generation of electrical power by the Seebeck effect and refrigeration by the Peltier effect. Thermoelectric generators are being used in increasing numbers to provide electrical power in medical, military, and deep space applications where combinations of their desirable properties outweigh their relatively high cost and low generating efficiency. In recent years there also has been an increase in the requirement for thermoelectric coolers (Peltier devices) for use in infrared detectors and in optical communications. Information on thermoelectrics is not readily available as it is widely scattered throughout the literature. The Handbook centralizes this information in a convenient format under a single cover. Sixty of the world's foremost authorities on thermoelectrics have contributed to this Handbook. It is comprised of fifty-five chapters, a number of which contain previously unpublished material. The contents are arranged in eight sections: general principles and theoretical considerations, material preparation, measurement of thermoelectric properties, thermoelectric materials, thermoelectric generation, generator applications, thermoelectric refrigeration, and applications of thermoelectric cooling. The CRC Handbook of Thermoelectrics has a broad-based scope. It will interest researchers, technologists, and manufacturers, as well as students and the well-informed, non-specialist reader.