Insects and Sustainability of Ecosystem Services

Author: Timothy D. Schowalter
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 146655391X
Format: PDF, Kindle
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With few exceptions, insects are perceived in industrialized countries as undesirable pests. In reality, relatively few insects interfere with us or our resources. Most have benign or positive effects on ecosystem services, and many represent useful resources in non-industrialized countries. Challenging traditional perceptions of the value of insects, Insects and Sustainability of Ecosystem Services explores the ways insects affect the ecosystem services we depend upon. It also fosters an appreciation for the amazing diversity, adaptive ability, and natural roles of insects. The book discusses how the ways in which we manage insects will determine an ecosystem’s capacity to continue to supply services. It reviews aspects of insect physiology, behavior, and ecology that affect their interactions with other ecosystem components and ecosystem services, emphasizing critical effects of insects on the sustainability of ecosystem processes and services. The author examines the integration of insect ecology with self-regulatory aspects of ecosystems that control primary production, energy and nutrient fluxes, and global climate—functions that underlie the sustainability of ecosystem services. Clearly, we need environmental policies that meet needs for pest control where warranted, but do not undermine the important contributions of insects to sustaining ecosystem processes and services. With in-depth coverage of the multiple, often compensatory, effects of insects on various resources or ecosystem services and on the consequences of control tactics for those resources or services, Insects and Sustainability of Ecosystem Services recommends changes in perspectives and policies regarding insects that will contribute to sustainability of ecosystem services.

Ecosystem Services in Agricultural and Urban Landscapes

Author: Stephen Wratten
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118506243
Format: PDF, ePub
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Ecosystem services are the resources and processes supplied by natural ecosystems which benefit humankind (for example, pollination of crops by insects, or water filtration by wetlands). They underpin life on earth, provide major inputs to many economic sectors and support our lifestyles. Agricultural and urban areas are by far the largest users of ecosystems and their services and (for the first time) this book explores the role that ecosystem services play in these managed environments. The book also explores methods of evaluating ecosystem services, and discusses how these services can be maintained and enhanced in our farmlands and cities. This book will be useful to students and researchers from a variety of fields, including applied ecology, environmental economics, agriculture and forestry, and also to local and regional planners and policy makers.

The Business Student s Guide to Sustainable Management

Author: Petra Molthan-Hill
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351286269
Format: PDF
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Aimed at undergraduates, this is the first textbook to offer a full introduction to sustainable management, covering all subject areas relevant to business students. The book includes chapters and seminars on subjects such as: Corporate Sustainable Strategy; Sustainable Marketing; Sustainability Reporting; Supply Chain Management; Human Resources Management: Supporting Sustainable Business; Environmental Economics; Sustainable Operations Management; Greenhouse Gas Management and System Thinking in Sustainable Management. The book contains nearly 30 ready-made seminars employing various teaching methods. Each chapter follows the same, easy-to-use format. This book provides a true treasure chest of materials to support staff wanting to integrate sustainability into their teaching and provides support to effectively embed sustainability in the curriculum. The chapters also offer a starting point in developing teaching units for Masters and MBA students. The material is not just useful to people in business schools, but to those involved in wider scale curriculum change, and those looking to make links between different disciplines.

Biodiversity and Insect Pests

Author: Geoff M. Gurr
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118231856
Format: PDF, ePub
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Biodiversity offers great potential for managing insect pests. Itprovides resistance genes and anti-insect compounds; a huge rangeof predatory and parasitic natural enemies of pests; and communityecology-level effects operating at the local and landscape scalesto check pest build-up. This book brings together world leaders intheoretical, methodological and applied aspects to provide acomprehensive treatment of this fast-moving field. Chapter authors from Europe, Asia, Africa, Australasia and theAmericas ensure a truly international scope. Topics range fromscientific principles, innovative research methods, ecologicaleconomics and effective communication to farmers, as well as casestudies of successful use of biodiversity-based pest managementsome of which extend over millions of hectares or are enshrined asgovernment policy. Written to be accessible to advanced undergraduates whilst alsostimulating the seasoned researcher, this work will help unlock thepower of biodiversity to deliver sustainable insect pestmanagement. Visit spanstyle="font-family: "Calibri","sans-serif"; font-size: 11pt; mso-fareast-font-family: SimSun; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: TH;"www.wiley.com/go/gurr/biodiversity toaccess the artwork from the book./span

Edible Insects in Sustainable Food Systems

Author: Afton Halloran
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319740113
Format: PDF
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This text provides an important overview of the contributions of edible insects to ecological sustainability, livelihoods, nutrition and health, food culture and food systems around the world. While insect farming for both food and feed is rapidly increasing in popularity around the world, the role that wild insect species have played in the lives and societies of millions of people worldwide cannot be ignored. In order to represent this diversity, this work draws upon research conducted in a wide range of geographical locations and features a variety of different insect species. Edible insects in Sustainable Food Systems comprehensively covers the basic principles of entomology and population dynamics; edible insects and culture; nutrition and health; gastronomy; insects as animal feed; factors influencing preferences and acceptability of insects; environmental impacts and conservation; considerations for insect farming and policy and legislation. The book contains practical information for researchers, NGOs and international organizations, decision-makers, entrepreneurs and students.

Introduction to the US Food System

Author: Roni Neff
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118913051
Format: PDF, Docs
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A public health approach to the US food system Introduction to the US Food System: Public Health,Environment, and Equity is a comprehensive and engagingtextbook that offers students an overview of today's US foodsystem, with particular focus on the food system'sinterrelationships with public health, the environment, equity, andsociety. Using a classroom-friendly approach, the text covers thecore content of the food system and provides evidence-basedperspectives reflecting the tremendous breadth of issues and ideasimportant to understanding today's US food system. The book is richwith illustrative examples, case studies, activities, anddiscussion questions. The textbook is a project of the Johns Hopkins Center for aLivable Future (CLF), and builds upon the Center's educationalmission to examine the complex interrelationships between diet,food production, environment, and human health to advance anecological perspective in reducing threats to the health of thepublic, and to promote policies that protect health, the globalenvironment, and the ability to sustain life for futuregenerations. Issues covered in Introduction to the US Food Systeminclude food insecurity, social justice, community and workerhealth concerns, food marketing, nutrition, resource depletion, andecological degradation. Presents concepts on the foundations of the US food system,crop production, food system economics, processing and packaging,consumption and overconsumption, and the environmental impacts offood Examines the political factors that influence food and how itis produced Ideal for students and professionals in many fields, includingpublic health, nutritional science, nursing, medicine, environment,policy, business, and social science, among others Introduction to the US Food System presents a broad viewof today's US food system in all its complexity and providesopportunities for students to examine the food system's stickiestproblems and think critically about solutions.

Ecosystem Services and Global Trade of Natural Resources

Author: Thomas Koellner
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136723536
Format: PDF, ePub
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This collection is a valuable contribution to the global change science dealing with ecosystem services. It illustrates the consequences of international trade on global ecosystem services and provides an overview of accounting tools and of market-based policy instruments to address negative and positive externalities.

Forestry in a Global Context

Author: Roger Sands
Publisher: CABI
ISBN: 9780851990897
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book is an introductory text which sets world forestry in the context of social, environmental, historical, economic and conservation issues. It focuses on the world's forests and how people have related to them and how they have been used since the time of hunter-gatherers until today. It looks at the development of forests, grassland and humans from the Devonian through to the Age of Agriculture, the factors determining the distribution of forests, the classification of forest types, the value and benefits of the forest, the products of the forest and their associated trade. It also concentrates on current patterns of deforestation and reforestation, sustainable forest management, the role of plantations and the current issues in forestry and the future.