Integrating Knowledge Through Interdisciplinary Research

Author: Dominic Holland
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134490097
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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In this important new text, Holland seeks to explain, by means of social scientific and philosophical inquiry, the difficulties that researchers often experience when attempting to integrate knowledge from different academic disciplines, either individually or as part of a team of subject specialists. It is argued that the difficulty of integrating knowledge from different academic disciplines is the result of, firstly, an inadequate justification of the nature of scientific integration and differentiation and, secondly, the dominance of disciplinary specialization in scientific inquiry. By focusing on both the theoretical justification for, and the practical feasibility of, integrating knowledge through interdisciplinary research, this book asks what properties of reality make the integration of knowledge from different academic disciplines possible and to what extent it is feasible to integrate knowledge through interdisciplinary research within a traditional, disciplinary context. Accordingly the text is both philosophical and social scientific in content: philosophical in the sense that it presents a theory of causal determination, which will help researchers to understand how reality is both differentiated and interconnected; social scientific in the sense that it presents the results of three case studies of collaborative interdisciplinary research projects. The book is heavily informed by the philosophy of critical realism. The philosophical argument about the possibility of integration and specialization in science draws explicitly on some of the key concepts of critical realism – particularly those comprising the theory of ‘integrative pluralism’ – while critical realist assumptions underpin the social scientific argument about the causal influence of the social system of knowledge production. By exploring researchers’ conceptions of knowledge and of reality on the one hand and their decisions about what sort of knowledge to produce on the other, Holland shows how the difficulty of scientific integration is both a problem of knowledge and a problem of knowledge production. This book is essential reading for students and academics interested in the emerging topic of knowledge integration and interdisciplinarity.

Sport Coaching Research and Practice

Author: Julian North
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317620437
Format: PDF, ePub
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Research shapes our understanding of practice in powerful and important ways, in sports coaching as in any other discipline. This innovative study explores the philosophical foundations of sport coaching research, examining the often implicit links between research process and practice, descriptions and prescriptions. Arguing that the assumptions of traditional single-disciplinary accounts, such as those based in psychology or sociology, risk over-simplifying our understanding of coaching, this book presents an alternative framework for sports coaching research based on critical realism. The result is an embedded, relational and emergent conception of coaching practice that opens new ways of thinking about coaching knowledge. Drawing on new empirical case study research, it demonstrates vividly how a critical realist-informed approach can provide a more realistic and accountable knowledge to coaching stakeholders. This knowledge promises to have important implications for coaching, and coach education and development practices. Sport Coaching Research and Practice: Ontology, Interdisciplinarity and Critical Realism is fascinating reading for any student or researcher working in sports coaching, sport pedagogy, physical education, the philosophy or sociology of sport, or research methodology in sport and exercise.

Interdisciplinarity and Wellbeing

Author: Roy Bhaskar
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1351709968
Format: PDF
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In this book, the authors provide a much-needed general theory of interdisciplinarity and relate it to health/wellbeing research and professional practice. In so doing they make it possible for practitioners of the different disciplines to communicate without contradiction or compromise, resolving the tensions that beset much interdisciplinary work. Such a general theory is only possible if we assume that there is more to being (ontology) than empirical being (what we can measure directly). Therefore, the unique approach to interdisciplinarity applied in this book starts from ontology, namely that there is a multimechanismicity (a multiplicity of mechanisms) in open systems, and then moves to epistemology. By contrast, the mainstream approach, which fails to acknowledge ontology, is "unserious" and tends to result in a methodological hierarchy, unconducive of interdisciplinarity, in which empiricist science is overtly or tacitly assumed to be the superior version of science. This book is primarily aimed at those people interested in improving health and wellbeing - such as researchers, policy-makers, educators, and general practitioners. However, it will also be useful to academics engaged in the broader academic debate on interdisciplinary metatheory.

Author: فتحي حسن ملكاوي
Publisher: International Institute of Islamic Thought (IIIT)
ISBN: 1642052051
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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كُتبت مادته في أزمان مختلفة على مدى يصل إلى ربع قرن، وكُتبت لأغراض مختلفة، ومعظمها سبق نشره، في زمانه، لغرضه. ومعظم ما نُشر كان في "مجلة إسلامية المعرفة"؛ إذ كان المؤلف ضمن فريق تحريرها، منذ تأسيسها حتى هذه اللحظة، وبعضه لم ينشر من قبل كما هو مبين في هامش كل مقالة. وسيكتشف القارئ أنها مقالات تعبّر عن "وجهة النظر" التي يحملها المؤلف، و"الموقف الفكري" الذي يتبنّاه. فالمؤلف ينتسب إلى "مدرسة فكرية" معاصرة عُرفت باسم "مدرسة إسلامية المعرفة"، ومن ثم فهو يحاول عرض الموضوعات التي كَتَبَ عنها، من "رؤية" هذه المدرسة، كما يفهمها ويمارسها، ويناقش –بهدوء وروية- الرؤى النقدية التي تعرضت لهذه المدرسة، لبيان جوانب من سوء الفهم التي وقعت فيه، ونقل هذه الرؤى النقدية من الاهتمام بالجوانب الشكلية، والوقوف عند الجزئيات، إلى النظر في عمق مسألة الإصلاح الفكري ومتطلبات هذه المسألة من: منهجية اجتهادية تؤمن بالتجديد، ورؤية شمولية تحرص على كليات المسألة وتكامل جهود الباحثين فيها، وبصيرة استشرافية تتطلع إلى المستقبل.

Postkapitalismus

Author: Paul Mason
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 351874478X
Format: PDF
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Drei Dinge wissen wir: Der Kapitalismus hat den Feudalismus abgelöst; seither durchlief er zyklische Tiefs, spätestens seit 2008 stottert der Motor. Was wir nicht wissen: Erleben wir eine der üblichen Krisen oder den Anbruch einer postkapitalistischen Ordnung? Paul Mason blickt auf die Daten, sichtet Krisentheorien – und sagt: Wir stehen am Anfang von etwas Neuem. Er nimmt dabei Überlegungen auf, die vor über 150 Jahren in einer Londoner Bibliothek entwickelt wurden und laut denen Wissen und intelligente Maschinen den Kapitalismus eines Tages »in die Luft sprengen« könnten. Im Zeitalter des Stahls und der Schrauben, der Hierarchien und der Knappheit war diese Vision so radikal, dass Marx sie schnell in der Schublade verschwinden ließ. In der Welt der Netzwerke, der Kooperation und des digitalen Überflusses ist sie aktueller denn je. In seinem atemberaubenden Buch führt Paul Mason durch Schreibstuben, Gefängniszellen, Flugzeugfabriken und an die Orte, an denen sich der Widerstand Bahn bricht. Mason verknüpft das Abstrakte mit dem Konkreten, bündelt die Überlegungen von Autoren wie Thomas Piketty, David Graeber, Jeremy Rifkin und Antonio Negri und zeigt, wie wir aus den Trümmern des Neoliberalismus eine gerechtere und nachhaltigere Gesellschaft errichten können.

Space Time and Deity

Author: A. Samuel
Publisher: Рипол Классик
ISBN: 5874435255
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Space, Time, and Deity. The gifford lectures at glasgow 1916-1918. In two volumes: Volume I

Anatomie des Sozialen Prinzipien der analytischen Soziologie

Author: Peter Hedström
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783531153971
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Einer der weltweit führenden Soziologen, Peter Hedström, zeichnet die Grundlagen einer analytischen Soziologie nach. Er argumentiert für eine erklärende Soziologie, die Theorie und Empirie miteinander verbindet.